# \$1 in 1995 is worth \$0.89 in 1991

\$

## Value of \$1 from 1995 to 1991

\$1 in 1995 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$0.89 in 1991, an increase of \$-0.11 over 4 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 2.85% per year between 1991 and 1995, producing a cumulative price increase of -10.63%.

This means that prices in 1991 are 10.63% lower than average prices since 1995, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 1991 was 4.21%. The inflation rate in 1995 was 2.83%. The 1995 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.51% per year between 1995 and 2022.

 Cumulative price change -10.63% Average inflation rate 2.85% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$0.89 Price difference (\$1 base) \$-0.11 CPI in 1995 152.400 CPI in 1991 136.200 Inflation in 1991 4.21% Inflation in 1995 2.83% \$1 in 1995 \$0.89 in 1991

USD inflation since 1991
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$1 in 1991

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$1 in 1991 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$1, you would need to end with \$0.89 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$1 is equivalent to \$0.89 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1991 dollars, the chart below shows how \$1 is worth less over 4 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1991-1995
YearDollar ValueInflation Rate
1991\$1.004.21%
1992\$1.033.01%
1993\$1.062.99%
1994\$1.092.56%
1995\$1.122.83%
1996\$1.152.95%
1997\$1.182.29%
1998\$1.201.56%
1999\$1.222.21%
2000\$1.263.36%
2001\$1.302.85%
2002\$1.321.58%
2003\$1.352.28%
2004\$1.392.66%
2005\$1.433.39%
2006\$1.483.23%
2007\$1.522.85%
2008\$1.583.84%
2009\$1.58-0.36%
2010\$1.601.64%
2011\$1.653.16%
2012\$1.692.07%
2013\$1.711.46%
2014\$1.741.62%
2015\$1.740.12%
2016\$1.761.26%
2017\$1.802.13%
2018\$1.842.49%
2019\$1.881.76%
2020\$1.901.23%
2021\$1.994.70%
2022\$2.199.98%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1991 amounts in 1995 dollars, based on the -10.63% change in prices:

Conversion: 1991 dollars in 1995
Initial valueEquivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1991\$1.12 dollars in 1995
\$5 dollars in 1991\$5.59 dollars in 1995
\$10 dollars in 1991\$11.19 dollars in 1995
\$50 dollars in 1991\$55.95 dollars in 1995
\$100 dollars in 1991\$111.89 dollars in 1995
\$500 dollars in 1991\$559.47 dollars in 1995
\$1,000 dollars in 1991\$1,118.94 dollars in 1995
\$5,000 dollars in 1991\$5,594.71 dollars in 1995
\$10,000 dollars in 1991\$11,189.43 dollars in 1995
\$50,000 dollars in 1991\$55,947.14 dollars in 1995
\$100,000 dollars in 1991\$111,894.27 dollars in 1995
\$500,000 dollars in 1991\$559,471.37 dollars in 1995
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1991\$1,118,942.73 dollars in 1995

## Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1995 to 1991 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of \$1):

Denver, Colorado experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 4 years between 1991 and 1995 (4.17%).

Atlanta, Georgia experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 4 years between 1991 and 1995 (0.00%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1995 would be equivalent to £0.90 in 1991, an absolute change of £-0.10 and a cumulative change of -10.46%.

In Canada, CA\$1.00 in 1995 would be equivalent to CA\$0.95 in 1991, an absolute change of CA\$-0.05 and a cumulative change of -5.46%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$-0.11 and total percent change of -10.63%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

Between 1991 and 1995:

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1995 and 1991.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.85% per year:

CategoryAvg Inflation (%)Total Inflation (%)\$1 in 1991 → 1995
Food and beverages2.148.851.09
Housing2.6711.111.11
Apparel0.632.531.03
Transportation2.9512.341.12
Medical care5.6424.551.25
Recreation2.088.581.09
Education and communication3.8216.191.16
Other goods and services4.7820.551.21

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1995. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to calculate inflation rate for \$1, 1991 to 1995

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1991 and 1995:

CPI in 1991 CPI in 1995
×
1995 USD value
=
1991 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 152.4 in the year 1995 and 136.2 in 1991:

136.2152.4
×
\$1
=
\$0.89

\$1 in 1995 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$0.89 in 1991.

To get the total inflation rate for the 4 years between 1991 and 1995, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1991 - CPI in 1995CPI in 1995
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (4 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

136.2 - 152.4152.4
×
100
=
-11%

## Alternate Measurements of Inflation

There are multiple ways to measure inflation. Published rates of inflation will vary depending on methodology. The Consumer Price Index, used above, is the most common standard used globally.

Alternative measurements are sometimes used based on context and economic/political circumstances. Below are a few examples of alternative measurements.

### Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Inflation

The PCE Price Index is the U.S. Federal Reserve's preferred measure of inflation, compiled by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. It measures the change in prices of goods and services purchased by consumers.

The PCE Price Index changed by 2.34% per year on average between 1995 and 1991. The total PCE inflation between these dates was 9.68%. In 1995, PCE inflation was 3.34%.

This means that the PCE Index equates \$1 in 1995 with \$1.10 in 1991, a difference of \$0.10. Compare this to the standard CPI measurement, which equates \$1 with \$0.89. The PCE measured 20.31% inflation compared to standard CPI.

For more information on the difference between PCE and CPI, see this analysis provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

### Core Inflation

Also of note is the Core CPI, which uses the standard CPI but omits the more volatile categories of food and energy.

Core inflation averaged 3.20% per year between 1995 and 1991 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.85%), for an inflation total of 13.44%. In 1995, core inflation was 4.91%.

When using the core inflation measurement, \$1 in 1995 is equivalent in buying power to \$1.13 in 1991, a difference of \$0.13. Recall that the converted amount is \$0.89 when all items including food and energy are measured.

## Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1634 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$1 in 1995 → 1991 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 8 Dec. 2022, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1995?amount=1&endYear=1991.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.