$430 in 1900 → $13,205.66 in 2020

Inflation Calculator

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $430 from 1900 to 2020

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, today's prices in 2020 are 2,971.08% higher than average prices since 1900. The U.S. dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.89% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar decreased.

In other words, $430 in 1900 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $13,205.66 in 2020, a difference of $12,775.66 over 120 years.

The 1900 inflation rate was 1.20%. The current inflation rate (2019 to 2020) is now 2.49%1. If this number holds, $430 today will be equivalent in buying power to $440.69 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.


Inflation from 1900 to 2020
Cumulative price change 2,971.08%
Average inflation rate 2.89%
Converted amount ($430 base) $13,205.66
Price difference ($430 base) $12,775.66
CPI in 1900 8.400
CPI in 2020 257.971
Inflation in 1900 1.20%
Inflation in 2020 2.49%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
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Buying power of $430 in 1900

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $430 in 1900 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with $430, you would need to end with $13,205.66 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When $430 is equivalent to $13,205.66 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1900 dollars, the chart below shows how $430 buys less over the past 120 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1900 $430.00 1.20%
1901 $435.12 1.19%
1902 $440.24 1.18%
1903 $450.48 2.33%
1904 $455.60 1.14%
1905 $450.48 -1.12%
1906 $460.71 2.27%
1907 $481.19 4.44%
1908 $470.95 -2.13%
1909 $465.83 -1.09%
1910 $486.31 4.40%
1911 $486.31 0.00%
1912 $496.55 2.11%
1913 $506.79 2.06%
1914 $511.90 1.01%
1915 $517.02 1.00%
1916 $557.98 7.92%
1917 $655.24 17.43%
1918 $772.98 17.97%
1919 $885.60 14.57%
1920 $1,023.81 15.61%
1921 $916.31 -10.50%
1922 $860.00 -6.15%
1923 $875.36 1.79%
1924 $875.36 0.00%
1925 $895.83 2.34%
1926 $906.07 1.14%
1927 $890.71 -1.69%
1928 $875.36 -1.72%
1929 $875.36 0.00%
1930 $854.88 -2.34%
1931 $778.10 -8.98%
1932 $701.31 -9.87%
1933 $665.48 -5.11%
1934 $685.95 3.08%
1935 $701.31 2.24%
1936 $711.55 1.46%
1937 $737.14 3.60%
1938 $721.79 -2.08%
1939 $711.55 -1.42%
1940 $716.67 0.72%
1941 $752.50 5.00%
1942 $834.40 10.88%
1943 $885.60 6.13%
1944 $900.95 1.73%
1945 $921.43 2.27%
1946 $998.21 8.33%
1947 $1,141.55 14.36%
1948 $1,233.69 8.07%
1949 $1,218.33 -1.24%
1950 $1,233.69 1.26%
1951 $1,330.95 7.88%
1952 $1,356.55 1.92%
1953 $1,366.79 0.75%
1954 $1,377.02 0.75%
1955 $1,371.90 -0.37%
1956 $1,392.38 1.49%
1957 $1,438.45 3.31%
1958 $1,479.40 2.85%
1959 $1,489.64 0.69%
1960 $1,515.24 1.72%
1961 $1,530.60 1.01%
1962 $1,545.95 1.00%
1963 $1,566.43 1.32%
1964 $1,586.90 1.31%
1965 $1,612.50 1.61%
1966 $1,658.57 2.86%
1967 $1,709.76 3.09%
1968 $1,781.43 4.19%
1969 $1,878.69 5.46%
1970 $1,986.19 5.72%
1971 $2,073.21 4.38%
1972 $2,139.76 3.21%
1973 $2,272.86 6.22%
1974 $2,523.69 11.04%
1975 $2,754.05 9.13%
1976 $2,912.74 5.76%
1977 $3,102.14 6.50%
1978 $3,337.62 7.59%
1979 $3,716.43 11.35%
1980 $4,218.10 13.50%
1981 $4,653.21 10.32%
1982 $4,939.88 6.16%
1983 $5,098.57 3.21%
1984 $5,318.69 4.32%
1985 $5,508.10 3.56%
1986 $5,610.48 1.86%
1987 $5,815.24 3.65%
1988 $6,055.83 4.14%
1989 $6,347.62 4.82%
1990 $6,690.60 5.40%
1991 $6,972.14 4.21%
1992 $7,182.02 3.01%
1993 $7,397.02 2.99%
1994 $7,586.43 2.56%
1995 $7,801.43 2.83%
1996 $8,031.79 2.95%
1997 $8,216.07 2.29%
1998 $8,344.05 1.56%
1999 $8,528.33 2.21%
2000 $8,815.00 3.36%
2001 $9,065.83 2.85%
2002 $9,209.17 1.58%
2003 $9,419.05 2.28%
2004 $9,669.88 2.66%
2005 $9,997.50 3.39%
2006 $10,320.00 3.23%
2007 $10,613.94 2.85%
2008 $11,021.46 3.84%
2009 $10,982.25 -0.36%
2010 $11,162.39 1.64%
2011 $11,514.73 3.16%
2012 $11,753.03 2.07%
2013 $11,925.18 1.46%
2014 $12,118.63 1.62%
2015 $12,133.01 0.12%
2016 $12,286.07 1.26%
2017 $12,547.81 2.13%
2018 $12,860.58 2.49%
2019 $13,087.23 1.76%
2020 $13,205.66 0.90%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
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Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £430.00 in 1900 would be equivalent to £53,200.50 in 2020, an absolute change of £52,770.50 and a cumulative change of 12,272.21%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $12,775.66 and total percent change of 2,971.08%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1900 and 2020.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.89% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $430 in 1900 → 2020
Food and beverages 3.86 9,304.24 40,438.22
Housing 4.18 13,519.96 58,565.81
Apparel 1.98 945.97 4,497.67
Transportation 3.21 4,332.38 19,059.22
Medical care 5.10 39,049.32 168,342.09
Recreation 1.10 272.91 1,603.53
Education and communication 1.81 765.14 3,720.10
Other goods and services 4.97 33,581.39 144,829.96

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1900. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $430 since 1900

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2020CPI in 1900
×
1900 USD value
=
2020 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.4 in the year 1900 and 257.971 in 2020:

257.9718.4
×
$430
=
$13,205.66

$430 in 1900 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $13,205.66 in 2020.

To get the total inflation rate for the 120 years between 1900 and 2020, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2020 - CPI in 1900CPI in 1900
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (120 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

257.971 - 8.48.4
×
100
=
2,971%

News headlines from 1900

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Britain establishes the protectorates of Northern Nigeria and Southern Nigeria.
  • America announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
  • The US Congress passes the Currency Act, establishing the gold standard.
  • Dutch botanist and geneticist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's law of genetics
  • Under pressure from Japan, Korea denies Russia access to Masampo Port, leading to a war between Russia and Japan.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$430 in 1900 → 2020 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 16 Feb. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1900?amount=430.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1900 to 2020
Cumulative price change 2,971.08%
Average inflation rate 2.89%
Converted amount ($430 base) $13,205.66
Price difference ($430 base) $12,775.66
CPI in 1900 8.400
CPI in 2020 257.971
Inflation in 1900 1.20%
Inflation in 2020 2.49%