# \$1 in 1885 is worth \$1.05 in 1882

\$

## Value of \$1 from 1885 to 1882

\$1 in 1885 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$1.05 in 1882, a difference of \$0.05 over 3 years. The dollar had an average deflation rate of -1.66% per year since 1882, producing a cumulative price change of 5.15%.

This means that prices in 1882 are 1.05 times higher than average prices since 1885, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The 1882 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1885 was -1.02%. The 1885 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.47% per year between 1885 and 2021.

 Cumulative price change 5.15% Average inflation rate -1.66% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1.05 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.05 CPI in 1885 9.700 CPI in 1882 10.200 Inflation in 1882 0.00% Inflation in 1885 -1.02% \$1 in 1885 \$1.05 in 1882

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$1 in 1882

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$1 in 1882 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$1, you would need to end with \$1.05 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1882-1885
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1882 \$1.00 -
1883 \$0.99 -0.98%
1884 \$0.96 -2.97%
1885 \$0.95 -1.02%
1886 \$0.92 -3.09%
1887 \$0.93 1.06%
1888 \$0.93 0.00%
1889 \$0.90 -3.16%
1890 \$0.89 -1.09%
1891 \$0.89 0.00%
1892 \$0.89 0.00%
1893 \$0.88 -1.10%
1894 \$0.84 -4.44%
1895 \$0.82 -2.33%
1896 \$0.82 0.00%
1897 \$0.81 -1.19%
1898 \$0.81 0.00%
1899 \$0.81 0.00%
1900 \$0.82 1.20%
1901 \$0.83 1.19%
1902 \$0.84 1.18%
1903 \$0.86 2.33%
1904 \$0.87 1.14%
1905 \$0.86 -1.12%
1906 \$0.88 2.27%
1907 \$0.92 4.44%
1908 \$0.90 -2.13%
1909 \$0.89 -1.09%
1910 \$0.93 4.40%
1911 \$0.93 0.00%
1912 \$0.95 2.11%
1913 \$0.97 2.06%
1914 \$0.98 1.01%
1915 \$0.99 1.00%
1916 \$1.07 7.92%
1917 \$1.25 17.43%
1918 \$1.48 17.97%
1919 \$1.70 14.57%
1920 \$1.96 15.61%
1921 \$1.75 -10.50%
1922 \$1.65 -6.15%
1923 \$1.68 1.79%
1924 \$1.68 0.00%
1925 \$1.72 2.34%
1926 \$1.74 1.14%
1927 \$1.71 -1.69%
1928 \$1.68 -1.72%
1929 \$1.68 0.00%
1930 \$1.64 -2.34%
1931 \$1.49 -8.98%
1932 \$1.34 -9.87%
1933 \$1.27 -5.11%
1934 \$1.31 3.08%
1935 \$1.34 2.24%
1936 \$1.36 1.46%
1937 \$1.41 3.60%
1938 \$1.38 -2.08%
1939 \$1.36 -1.42%
1940 \$1.37 0.72%
1941 \$1.44 5.00%
1942 \$1.60 10.88%
1943 \$1.70 6.13%
1944 \$1.73 1.73%
1945 \$1.76 2.27%
1946 \$1.91 8.33%
1947 \$2.19 14.36%
1948 \$2.36 8.07%
1949 \$2.33 -1.24%
1950 \$2.36 1.26%
1951 \$2.55 7.88%
1952 \$2.60 1.92%
1953 \$2.62 0.75%
1954 \$2.64 0.75%
1955 \$2.63 -0.37%
1956 \$2.67 1.49%
1957 \$2.75 3.31%
1958 \$2.83 2.85%
1959 \$2.85 0.69%
1960 \$2.90 1.72%
1961 \$2.93 1.01%
1962 \$2.96 1.00%
1963 \$3.00 1.32%
1964 \$3.04 1.31%
1965 \$3.09 1.61%
1966 \$3.18 2.86%
1967 \$3.27 3.09%
1968 \$3.41 4.19%
1969 \$3.60 5.46%
1970 \$3.80 5.72%
1971 \$3.97 4.38%
1972 \$4.10 3.21%
1973 \$4.35 6.22%
1974 \$4.83 11.04%
1975 \$5.27 9.13%
1976 \$5.58 5.76%
1977 \$5.94 6.50%
1978 \$6.39 7.59%
1979 \$7.12 11.35%
1980 \$8.08 13.50%
1981 \$8.91 10.32%
1982 \$9.46 6.16%
1983 \$9.76 3.21%
1984 \$10.19 4.32%
1985 \$10.55 3.56%
1986 \$10.75 1.86%
1987 \$11.14 3.65%
1988 \$11.60 4.14%
1989 \$12.16 4.82%
1990 \$12.81 5.40%
1991 \$13.35 4.21%
1992 \$13.75 3.01%
1993 \$14.17 2.99%
1994 \$14.53 2.56%
1995 \$14.94 2.83%
1996 \$15.38 2.95%
1997 \$15.74 2.29%
1998 \$15.98 1.56%
1999 \$16.33 2.21%
2000 \$16.88 3.36%
2001 \$17.36 2.85%
2002 \$17.64 1.58%
2003 \$18.04 2.28%
2004 \$18.52 2.66%
2005 \$19.15 3.39%
2006 \$19.76 3.23%
2007 \$20.33 2.85%
2008 \$21.11 3.84%
2009 \$21.03 -0.36%
2010 \$21.38 1.64%
2011 \$22.05 3.16%
2012 \$22.51 2.07%
2013 \$22.84 1.46%
2014 \$23.21 1.62%
2015 \$23.24 0.12%
2016 \$23.53 1.26%
2017 \$24.03 2.13%
2018 \$24.63 2.49%
2019 \$25.06 1.76%
2020 \$25.37 1.23%
2021 \$26.39 4.01%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1882 amounts in 1885 dollars, based on the 5.15% change in prices:

Conversion: 1882 dollars in 1885
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1882 \$0.95 dollars in 1885
\$5 dollars in 1882 \$4.75 dollars in 1885
\$10 dollars in 1882 \$9.51 dollars in 1885
\$50 dollars in 1882 \$47.55 dollars in 1885
\$100 dollars in 1882 \$95.10 dollars in 1885
\$500 dollars in 1882 \$475.49 dollars in 1885
\$1,000 dollars in 1882 \$950.98 dollars in 1885
\$5,000 dollars in 1882 \$4,754.90 dollars in 1885
\$10,000 dollars in 1882 \$9,509.80 dollars in 1885
\$50,000 dollars in 1882 \$47,549.02 dollars in 1885
\$100,000 dollars in 1882 \$95,098.04 dollars in 1885
\$500,000 dollars in 1882 \$475,490.20 dollars in 1885
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1882 \$950,980.39 dollars in 1885

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1885 would be equivalent to £1.07 in 1882, an absolute change of £0.07 and a cumulative change of 6.82%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$0.05 and total percent change of 5.15%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1885 and 1882.

Compare these values to the overall average of -1.66% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1882 → 1885
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1885. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1882 to 1885

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1882 and 1885:

CPI in 1882 CPI in 1885
×
1885 USD value
=
1882 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 9.7 in the year 1885 and 10.2 in 1882:

10.29.7
×
\$1
=
\$1.05

\$1 in 1885 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$1.05 in 1882.

To get the total inflation rate for the 3 years between 1882 and 1885, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1882 - CPI in 1885CPI in 1885
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (3 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

10.2 - 9.79.7
×
100
=
5%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• King Leopold II of Belgium makes Congo his own personal, colonial possession.
• Congo is given to Belgium whilst Nigeria is awarded to Great Britain during the Berlin Conference
• Bismarck, German chancellor, conquers Cameron and Togoland
• Louis Pasteur conducts the first successful test of an anti-rabies vaccine
• Gottlieb Daimler invents the first motorcycle.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$1 in 1885 → 1882 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 16 Jun. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1885?amount=1&endYear=1882.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.