$1 in 1780 is worth $1.01 in 1778

Value of $1 from 1780 to 1778

$1 in 1780 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.01 in 1778, a difference of $0.01 over 2 years. The dollar had an average deflation rate of -0.36% per year since 1778, producing a cumulative price change of 0.73%.

This means that prices in 1778 are 1.01 times higher than average prices since 1780, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The 1778 inflation rate was 30.19%. The inflation rate in 1780 was 12.30%. The 1780 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 1.24% per year between 1780 and 2021.


Inflation from 1780 to 1778
Cumulative price change 0.73%
Average inflation rate -0.36%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.01
Price difference ($1 base) $0.01
CPI in 1780 13.700
CPI in 1778 13.800
Inflation in 1778 30.19%
Inflation in 1780 12.30%
$1 in 1780 $1.01 in 1778

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
Download

Buying power of $1 in 1778

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $1 in 1778 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with $1, you would need to end with $1.01 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1778-1780
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1778 $1.00 30.19%
1779 $0.88 -11.59%
1780 $0.99 12.30%
1781 $0.80 -18.98%
1782 $0.88 9.01%
1783 $0.77 -12.40%
1784 $0.74 -3.77%
1785 $0.70 -4.90%
1786 $0.69 -2.06%
1787 $0.67 -2.11%
1788 $0.64 -4.30%
1789 $0.64 -1.12%
1790 $0.67 4.55%
1791 $0.68 2.17%
1792 $0.70 2.13%
1793 $0.72 3.13%
1794 $0.80 11.11%
1795 $0.91 14.55%
1796 $0.96 4.76%
1797 $0.92 -3.79%
1798 $0.89 -3.15%
1799 $0.89 0.00%
1800 $0.91 2.44%
1801 $0.92 0.79%
1802 $0.78 -15.75%
1803 $0.82 5.61%
1804 $0.86 4.42%
1805 $0.85 -0.85%
1806 $0.88 4.27%
1807 $0.84 -4.92%
1808 $0.91 8.62%
1809 $0.89 -2.38%
1810 $0.89 0.00%
1811 $0.95 6.50%
1812 $0.96 1.53%
1813 $1.16 20.30%
1814 $1.28 10.00%
1815 $1.12 -12.50%
1816 $1.02 -8.44%
1817 $0.96 -5.67%
1818 $0.92 -4.51%
1819 $0.92 0.00%
1820 $0.85 -7.87%
1821 $0.82 -3.42%
1822 $0.85 3.54%
1823 $0.76 -10.26%
1824 $0.70 -7.62%
1825 $0.72 2.06%
1826 $0.72 0.00%
1827 $0.72 1.01%
1828 $0.69 -5.00%
1829 $0.67 -2.11%
1830 $0.67 -1.08%
1831 $0.63 -5.43%
1832 $0.62 -1.15%
1833 $0.61 -2.33%
1834 $0.62 2.38%
1835 $0.64 2.33%
1836 $0.67 5.68%
1837 $0.70 3.23%
1838 $0.67 -3.12%
1839 $0.67 0.00%
1840 $0.63 -6.45%
1841 $0.63 0.00%
1842 $0.59 -5.75%
1843 $0.54 -9.76%
1844 $0.54 1.35%
1845 $0.55 1.33%
1846 $0.56 1.32%
1847 $0.59 6.49%
1848 $0.57 -3.66%
1849 $0.56 -2.53%
1850 $0.57 1.30%
1851 $0.56 -1.28%
1852 $0.56 0.00%
1853 $0.56 0.00%
1854 $0.61 9.09%
1855 $0.63 3.57%
1856 $0.62 -2.30%
1857 $0.63 2.35%
1858 $0.59 -5.75%
1859 $0.60 1.22%
1860 $0.60 0.00%
1861 $0.64 6.02%
1862 $0.73 14.77%
1863 $0.91 24.75%
1864 $1.14 24.60%
1865 $1.18 3.82%
1866 $1.15 -2.45%
1867 $1.07 -6.92%
1868 $1.03 -4.05%
1869 $0.99 -4.23%
1870 $0.95 -3.68%
1871 $0.88 -6.87%
1872 $0.88 0.00%
1873 $0.87 -1.64%
1874 $0.83 -5.00%
1875 $0.80 -3.51%
1876 $0.78 -2.73%
1877 $0.76 -1.87%
1878 $0.72 -4.76%
1879 $0.72 0.00%
1880 $0.74 2.00%
1881 $0.74 0.00%
1882 $0.74 0.00%
1883 $0.73 -0.98%
1884 $0.71 -2.97%
1885 $0.70 -1.02%
1886 $0.68 -3.09%
1887 $0.69 1.06%
1888 $0.69 0.00%
1889 $0.67 -3.16%
1890 $0.66 -1.09%
1891 $0.66 0.00%
1892 $0.66 0.00%
1893 $0.65 -1.10%
1894 $0.62 -4.44%
1895 $0.61 -2.33%
1896 $0.61 0.00%
1897 $0.60 -1.19%
1898 $0.60 0.00%
1899 $0.60 0.00%
1900 $0.61 1.20%
1901 $0.62 1.19%
1902 $0.62 1.18%
1903 $0.64 2.33%
1904 $0.64 1.14%
1905 $0.64 -1.12%
1906 $0.65 2.27%
1907 $0.68 4.44%
1908 $0.67 -2.13%
1909 $0.66 -1.09%
1910 $0.69 4.40%
1911 $0.69 0.00%
1912 $0.70 2.11%
1913 $0.72 2.06%
1914 $0.72 1.01%
1915 $0.73 1.00%
1916 $0.79 7.92%
1917 $0.93 17.43%
1918 $1.09 17.97%
1919 $1.25 14.57%
1920 $1.45 15.61%
1921 $1.30 -10.50%
1922 $1.22 -6.15%
1923 $1.24 1.79%
1924 $1.24 0.00%
1925 $1.27 2.34%
1926 $1.28 1.14%
1927 $1.26 -1.69%
1928 $1.24 -1.72%
1929 $1.24 0.00%
1930 $1.21 -2.34%
1931 $1.10 -8.98%
1932 $0.99 -9.87%
1933 $0.94 -5.11%
1934 $0.97 3.08%
1935 $0.99 2.24%
1936 $1.01 1.46%
1937 $1.04 3.60%
1938 $1.02 -2.08%
1939 $1.01 -1.42%
1940 $1.01 0.72%
1941 $1.07 5.00%
1942 $1.18 10.88%
1943 $1.25 6.13%
1944 $1.28 1.73%
1945 $1.30 2.27%
1946 $1.41 8.33%
1947 $1.62 14.36%
1948 $1.75 8.07%
1949 $1.72 -1.24%
1950 $1.75 1.26%
1951 $1.88 7.88%
1952 $1.92 1.92%
1953 $1.93 0.75%
1954 $1.95 0.75%
1955 $1.94 -0.37%
1956 $1.97 1.49%
1957 $2.04 3.31%
1958 $2.09 2.85%
1959 $2.11 0.69%
1960 $2.14 1.72%
1961 $2.17 1.01%
1962 $2.19 1.00%
1963 $2.22 1.32%
1964 $2.25 1.31%
1965 $2.28 1.61%
1966 $2.35 2.86%
1967 $2.42 3.09%
1968 $2.52 4.19%
1969 $2.66 5.46%
1970 $2.81 5.72%
1971 $2.93 4.38%
1972 $3.03 3.21%
1973 $3.22 6.22%
1974 $3.57 11.04%
1975 $3.90 9.13%
1976 $4.12 5.76%
1977 $4.39 6.50%
1978 $4.72 7.59%
1979 $5.26 11.35%
1980 $5.97 13.50%
1981 $6.59 10.32%
1982 $6.99 6.16%
1983 $7.22 3.21%
1984 $7.53 4.32%
1985 $7.80 3.56%
1986 $7.94 1.86%
1987 $8.23 3.65%
1988 $8.57 4.14%
1989 $8.99 4.82%
1990 $9.47 5.40%
1991 $9.87 4.21%
1992 $10.17 3.01%
1993 $10.47 2.99%
1994 $10.74 2.56%
1995 $11.04 2.83%
1996 $11.37 2.95%
1997 $11.63 2.29%
1998 $11.81 1.56%
1999 $12.07 2.21%
2000 $12.48 3.36%
2001 $12.83 2.85%
2002 $13.04 1.58%
2003 $13.33 2.28%
2004 $13.69 2.66%
2005 $14.15 3.39%
2006 $14.61 3.23%
2007 $15.02 2.85%
2008 $15.60 3.84%
2009 $15.55 -0.36%
2010 $15.80 1.64%
2011 $16.30 3.16%
2012 $16.64 2.07%
2013 $16.88 1.46%
2014 $17.15 1.62%
2015 $17.18 0.12%
2016 $17.39 1.26%
2017 $17.76 2.13%
2018 $18.21 2.49%
2019 $18.53 1.76%
2020 $18.75 1.23%
2021 $19.51 4.01%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1778 amounts in 1780 dollars, based on the 0.73% change in prices:

Conversion: 1778 dollars in 1780
Initial value Equivalent value
$1 dollar in 1778 $0.99 dollars in 1780
$5 dollars in 1778 $4.96 dollars in 1780
$10 dollars in 1778 $9.93 dollars in 1780
$50 dollars in 1778 $49.64 dollars in 1780
$100 dollars in 1778 $99.28 dollars in 1780
$500 dollars in 1778 $496.38 dollars in 1780
$1,000 dollars in 1778 $992.75 dollars in 1780
$5,000 dollars in 1778 $4,963.77 dollars in 1780
$10,000 dollars in 1778 $9,927.54 dollars in 1780
$50,000 dollars in 1778 $49,637.68 dollars in 1780
$100,000 dollars in 1778 $99,275.36 dollars in 1780
$500,000 dollars in 1778 $496,376.81 dollars in 1780
$1,000,000 dollars in 1778 $992,753.62 dollars in 1780

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1780 would be equivalent to £1.13 in 1778, an absolute change of £0.13 and a cumulative change of 12.70%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.01 and total percent change of 0.73%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1780 and 1778.

Compare these values to the overall average of -0.36% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1778 → 1780
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1780. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1778 to 1780

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1778 and 1780:

CPI in 1778 CPI in 1780
×
1780 USD value
=
1778 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 13.7 in the year 1780 and 13.8 in 1778:

13.813.7
×
$1
=
$1.01

$1 in 1780 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.01 in 1778.

To get the total inflation rate for the 2 years between 1778 and 1780, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1778 - CPI in 1780CPI in 1780
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (2 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

13.8 - 13.713.7
×
100
=
1%

News headlines from 1778

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The Danish national anthem, Kong Christian, is sung for the first time.
  • Pennsylvania abolishes slavery, for new born children.
  • British Gazette and Sunday Monitor become the first British Sunday newspaper
  • 1781 William Hershel, discovers Uranus, he originally thought it was a comet.
  • Forty-four Spanish speaking mestizos found the city of Los Angeles in the Bay of Smokes (Bahia de las Fumas)
  • General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown,,ending the United States Revolutionary War.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$1 in 1780 → 1778 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 16 Jun. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1780?amount=1&endYear=1778.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

Email · LinkedIn · Twitter


» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1780 to 1778
Cumulative price change 0.73%
Average inflation rate -0.36%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.01
Price difference ($1 base) $0.01
CPI in 1780 13.700
CPI in 1778 13.800
Inflation in 1778 30.19%
Inflation in 1780 12.30%
$1 in 1780 $1.01 in 1778