# \$1 in 1880 is worth \$0.90 in 1889

\$

## Value of \$1 from 1880 to 1889

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 1889 are 9.8% lower than average prices since 1880. The U.S. dollar experienced an average deflation rate of -1.14% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to increase.

In other words, \$1 in 1880 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$0.90 in 1889, a difference of \$-0.10 over 9 years.

The 1880 inflation rate was 2.00%. The inflation rate in 1889 was -3.16%. The 1889 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.58% per year between 1889 and 2020.

 Cumulative price change -9.80% Average inflation rate -1.14% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$0.90 Price difference (\$1 base) \$-0.10 CPI in 1880 10.200 CPI in 1889 9.200 Inflation in 1880 2.00% Inflation in 1889 -3.16%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$1 in 1880

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$1 in 1880 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$1, you would need to end with \$0.90 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1880-1889
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1880 \$1.00 2.00%
1881 \$1.00 0.00%
1882 \$1.00 0.00%
1883 \$0.99 -0.98%
1884 \$0.96 -2.97%
1885 \$0.95 -1.02%
1886 \$0.92 -3.09%
1887 \$0.93 1.06%
1888 \$0.93 0.00%
1889 \$0.90 -3.16%
1890 \$0.89 -1.09%
1891 \$0.89 0.00%
1892 \$0.89 0.00%
1893 \$0.88 -1.10%
1894 \$0.84 -4.44%
1895 \$0.82 -2.33%
1896 \$0.82 0.00%
1897 \$0.81 -1.19%
1898 \$0.81 0.00%
1899 \$0.81 0.00%
1900 \$0.82 1.20%
1901 \$0.83 1.19%
1902 \$0.84 1.18%
1903 \$0.86 2.33%
1904 \$0.87 1.14%
1905 \$0.86 -1.12%
1906 \$0.88 2.27%
1907 \$0.92 4.44%
1908 \$0.90 -2.13%
1909 \$0.89 -1.09%
1910 \$0.93 4.40%
1911 \$0.93 0.00%
1912 \$0.95 2.11%
1913 \$0.97 2.06%
1914 \$0.98 1.01%
1915 \$0.99 1.00%
1916 \$1.07 7.92%
1917 \$1.25 17.43%
1918 \$1.48 17.97%
1919 \$1.70 14.57%
1920 \$1.96 15.61%
1921 \$1.75 -10.50%
1922 \$1.65 -6.15%
1923 \$1.68 1.79%
1924 \$1.68 0.00%
1925 \$1.72 2.34%
1926 \$1.74 1.14%
1927 \$1.71 -1.69%
1928 \$1.68 -1.72%
1929 \$1.68 0.00%
1930 \$1.64 -2.34%
1931 \$1.49 -8.98%
1932 \$1.34 -9.87%
1933 \$1.27 -5.11%
1934 \$1.31 3.08%
1935 \$1.34 2.24%
1936 \$1.36 1.46%
1937 \$1.41 3.60%
1938 \$1.38 -2.08%
1939 \$1.36 -1.42%
1940 \$1.37 0.72%
1941 \$1.44 5.00%
1942 \$1.60 10.88%
1943 \$1.70 6.13%
1944 \$1.73 1.73%
1945 \$1.76 2.27%
1946 \$1.91 8.33%
1947 \$2.19 14.36%
1948 \$2.36 8.07%
1949 \$2.33 -1.24%
1950 \$2.36 1.26%
1951 \$2.55 7.88%
1952 \$2.60 1.92%
1953 \$2.62 0.75%
1954 \$2.64 0.75%
1955 \$2.63 -0.37%
1956 \$2.67 1.49%
1957 \$2.75 3.31%
1958 \$2.83 2.85%
1959 \$2.85 0.69%
1960 \$2.90 1.72%
1961 \$2.93 1.01%
1962 \$2.96 1.00%
1963 \$3.00 1.32%
1964 \$3.04 1.31%
1965 \$3.09 1.61%
1966 \$3.18 2.86%
1967 \$3.27 3.09%
1968 \$3.41 4.19%
1969 \$3.60 5.46%
1970 \$3.80 5.72%
1971 \$3.97 4.38%
1972 \$4.10 3.21%
1973 \$4.35 6.22%
1974 \$4.83 11.04%
1975 \$5.27 9.13%
1976 \$5.58 5.76%
1977 \$5.94 6.50%
1978 \$6.39 7.59%
1979 \$7.12 11.35%
1980 \$8.08 13.50%
1981 \$8.91 10.32%
1982 \$9.46 6.16%
1983 \$9.76 3.21%
1984 \$10.19 4.32%
1985 \$10.55 3.56%
1986 \$10.75 1.86%
1987 \$11.14 3.65%
1988 \$11.60 4.14%
1989 \$12.16 4.82%
1990 \$12.81 5.40%
1991 \$13.35 4.21%
1992 \$13.75 3.01%
1993 \$14.17 2.99%
1994 \$14.53 2.56%
1995 \$14.94 2.83%
1996 \$15.38 2.95%
1997 \$15.74 2.29%
1998 \$15.98 1.56%
1999 \$16.33 2.21%
2000 \$16.88 3.36%
2001 \$17.36 2.85%
2002 \$17.64 1.58%
2003 \$18.04 2.28%
2004 \$18.52 2.66%
2005 \$19.15 3.39%
2006 \$19.76 3.23%
2007 \$20.33 2.85%
2008 \$21.11 3.84%
2009 \$21.03 -0.36%
2010 \$21.38 1.64%
2011 \$22.05 3.16%
2012 \$22.51 2.07%
2013 \$22.84 1.46%
2014 \$23.21 1.62%
2015 \$23.24 0.12%
2016 \$23.53 1.26%
2017 \$24.03 2.13%
2018 \$24.63 2.49%
2019 \$25.06 1.76%
2020 \$25.40 1.35%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 3 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1880 amounts in 1889 dollars, based on the -9.80% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar in 1889
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1880 \$0.90 dollars in 1889
\$5 dollars in 1880 \$4.51 dollars in 1889
\$10 dollars in 1880 \$9.02 dollars in 1889
\$50 dollars in 1880 \$45.10 dollars in 1889
\$100 dollars in 1880 \$90.20 dollars in 1889
\$500 dollars in 1880 \$450.98 dollars in 1889
\$1,000 dollars in 1880 \$901.96 dollars in 1889
\$5,000 dollars in 1880 \$4,509.80 dollars in 1889
\$10,000 dollars in 1880 \$9,019.61 dollars in 1889
\$50,000 dollars in 1880 \$45,098.04 dollars in 1889
\$100,000 dollars in 1880 \$90,196.08 dollars in 1889
\$500,000 dollars in 1880 \$450,980.39 dollars in 1889
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1880 \$901,960.78 dollars in 1889

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1880 would be equivalent to £0.94 in 1889, an absolute change of £-0.06 and a cumulative change of -6.38%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$-0.10 and total percent change of -9.80%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1880 and 1889.

Compare these values to the overall average of -1.14% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1880 → 1889
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1880. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1880 to 1889

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1880 and 1889:

CPI in 1889 CPI in 1880
×
1880 USD value
=
1889 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 10.2 in the year 1880 and 9.2 in 1889:

9.210.2
×
\$1
=
\$0.90

\$1 in 1880 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$0.90 in 1889.

To get the total inflation rate for the 9 years between 1880 and 1889, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1889 - CPI in 1880CPI in 1880
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (9 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.2 - 10.210.2
×
100
=
-10%

## Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of -1.14% has a compounding effect between 1880 and 1889. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of -9.80% over 9 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested \$1 in the S&P 500 index in 1880, our investment would be nominally worth approximately \$1.74 in 1889. This is a return on investment of 74.26%, with an absolute return of \$0.74 on top of the original \$1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for -10.87% of returns (\$-0.19) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our \$1 investment is \$0.93. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around \$1 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1880-1889
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal \$1 \$1.74 74.26%
Real
\$1 \$1.93 93.20%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1880 to latest available data for 1889 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1880 and 1889, see the stock market returns calculator.

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Construction begins on the Panama Canal.
• The United States constructs its first dedicated sewage system in Memphis, Tennessee.
• The Salvation Army is formed in London.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$1 in 1880 → 1889 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 15 Aug. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/1880-dollars-in-1889?amount=1.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.