# \$100 in 2019 is worth \$122.85 today

\$

## The U.S. dollar has lost 19% its value since 2019

Updated: June 12, 2024

\$100 in 2019 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$122.85 today, an increase of \$22.85 over 5 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 4.20% per year between 2019 and today, producing a cumulative price increase of 22.85%.

This means that today's prices are 1.23 times as high as average prices since 2019, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index. A dollar today only buys 81.400% of what it could buy back then.

The inflation rate in 2019 was 1.76%. The current inflation rate compared to the end of last year is now 3.27%. If this number holds, \$100 today will be equivalent in buying power to \$103.27 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest inflation rates.

 Cumulative price change 22.85% Average inflation rate 4.20% Converted amount\$100 base \$122.85 Price difference\$100 base \$22.85 CPI in 2019 255.658 CPI in 2024 314.069 Inflation in 2019 1.76% Inflation in 2024 3.27% \$100 in 2019 \$122.85 in 2024

USD inflation since 2019
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$100 in 2019

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$100 in 2019 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$100, you would need to end with \$122.85 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$100 is equivalent to \$122.85 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 2019 dollars, the chart below shows how \$100 is worth less over 5 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 2019-2024
YearDollar ValueInflation Rate
2019\$100.001.76%
2020\$101.231.23%
2021\$105.994.70%
2022\$114.478.00%
2023\$119.184.12%
2024\$122.853.07%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 2019 amounts in today's dollars, based on the 22.85% change in prices:

Conversion: 2019 dollars today
Initial valueEquivalent value
\$1 dollar in 2019\$1.23 dollars today
\$5 dollars in 2019\$6.14 dollars today
\$10 dollars in 2019\$12.28 dollars today
\$50 dollars in 2019\$61.42 dollars today
\$100 dollars in 2019\$122.85 dollars today
\$500 dollars in 2019\$614.24 dollars today
\$1,000 dollars in 2019\$1,228.48 dollars today
\$5,000 dollars in 2019\$6,142.38 dollars today
\$10,000 dollars in 2019\$12,284.76 dollars today
\$50,000 dollars in 2019\$61,423.78 dollars today
\$100,000 dollars in 2019\$122,847.56 dollars today
\$500,000 dollars in 2019\$614,237.80 dollars today
\$1,000,000 dollars in 2019\$1,228,475.60 dollars today

## Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 2019 to 2024 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of \$100):

Tampa, Florida experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 5 years between 2019 and 2024 (6.39%).

San Francisco, California experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 5 years between 2019 and 2024 (3.22%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 2019 would be equivalent to £125.24 in 2024, an absolute change of £25.24 and a cumulative change of 25.24%.

In Canada, CA\$100.00 in 2019 would be equivalent to CA\$116.78 in 2024, an absolute change of CA\$16.78 and a cumulative change of 16.78%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$22.85 and total percent change of 22.85%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

Between 2019 and 2024:

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 2019 and 2024.

Compare these values to the overall average of 4.20% per year:

CategoryAvg Inflation (%)Total Inflation (%)\$100 in 2019 → 2024
Food and beverages4.7626.20126.20
Housing4.4624.36124.36
Apparel1.236.33106.33
Transportation5.2228.96128.96
Medical care2.3612.37112.37
Recreation2.7514.55114.55
Education and communication1.145.84105.84
Other goods and services4.1822.73122.73

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 2019. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to calculate inflation rate for \$100 since 2019

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 2019 and today:

CPI today CPI in 2019
×
2019 USD value
=
Today's value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 255.6575 in the year 2019 and 314.069 in 2024:

314.069255.6575
×
\$100
=
\$122.85

\$100 in 2019 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$122.85 in 2024.

To get the total inflation rate for the 5 years between 2019 and 2024, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2024 - CPI in 2019CPI in 2019
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (5 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

314.069 - 255.6575255.6575
×
100
=
23%

## Alternate Measurements of Inflation

There are multiple ways to measure inflation. Published rates of inflation will vary depending on methodology. The Consumer Price Index, used above, is the most common standard used globally.

Alternative measurements are sometimes used based on context and economic/political circumstances. Below are a few examples of alternative measurements.

### Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Inflation

The PCE Price Index is the U.S. Federal Reserve's preferred measure of inflation, compiled by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. It measures the change in prices of goods and services purchased by consumers.

The PCE Price Index changed by 3.43% per year on average between 2019 and 2024. The total PCE inflation between these dates was 18.37%. In 2019, PCE inflation was 1.44%.

This means that the PCE Index equates \$100 in 2019 with \$118.37 in 2024, a difference of \$18.37. Compare this to the standard CPI measurement, which equates \$100 with \$122.85. The PCE measured -4.48% inflation compared to standard CPI.

For more information on the difference between PCE and CPI, see this analysis provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

### Core Inflation

Also of note is the Core CPI, which uses the standard CPI but omits the more volatile categories of food and energy.

Core inflation averaged 3.76% per year between 2019 and 2024 (vs all-CPI inflation of 4.20%), for an inflation total of 20.26%. In 2019, core inflation was 2.19%.

When using the core inflation measurement, \$100 in 2019 is equivalent in buying power to \$120.26 in 2024, a difference of \$20.26. Recall that the converted amount is \$122.85 when all items including food and energy are measured.

### Chained Inflation

Chained CPI is an alternative measurement that takes into account how consumers adjust spending for similar items. Chained inflation averaged 3.85% per year between 2019 and 2024, a total inflation amount of 20.80%.

According to the Chained CPI measurement, \$100 in 2019 is equal in buying power to \$120.80 in 2024, a difference of \$20.80 (versus a converted amount of \$122.85/change of \$22.85 for All Items).

In 2019, chained inflation was 1.45%.

## Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 4.20% has a compounding effect between 2019 and 2024. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 22.85% over 5 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested \$100 in the S&P 500 index in 2019, our investment would be nominally worth approximately \$220.83 in 2024. This is a return on investment of 120.83%, with an absolute return of \$120.83 on top of the original \$100.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 18.60% of returns (\$41.07) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our \$100 investment is \$79.76. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around \$68 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 2019-2024
Original AmountFinal AmountChange
Nominal\$100\$220.83120.83%
Real
\$100\$179.7679.76%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 2019 to latest available data for 2024 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 2019 and 2024, see the stock market returns calculator.

## Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Price index data from 1774 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society. Price index data from 1634 to 1773 is from the American Antiquarian Society, using British pound equivalents.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Value of 2019 dollars today | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 12 Jun. 2024, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/2019.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

 Cumulative price change 22.85% Average inflation rate 4.20% Converted amount\$100 base \$122.85 Price difference\$100 base \$22.85 CPI in 2019 255.658 CPI in 2024 314.069 Inflation in 2019 1.76% Inflation in 2024 3.27% \$100 in 2019 \$122.85 in 2024