# \$12,000,000,000 in 1948 is worth \$127,662,572,614.11 today

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## Value of \$12,000,000,000 from 1948 to 2020

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, today's prices in 2020 are 963.85% higher than average prices since 1948. The U.S. dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 3.34% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to decrease.

In other words, \$12,000,000,000 in 1948 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$127,662,572,614.11 in 2020, a difference of \$115,662,572,614.11 over 72 years.

The 1948 inflation rate was 8.07%. The current year-over-year inflation rate (2019 to 2020) is now 0.33%1. If this number holds, \$12,000,000,000 today will be equivalent in buying power to \$12,039,491,602.36 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.

 Cumulative price change 963.85% Average inflation rate 3.34% Converted amount (\$12,000,000,000 base) \$127,662,572,614.11 Price difference (\$12,000,000,000 base) \$115,662,572,614.11 CPI in 1948 24.100 CPI in 2020 256.389 Inflation in 1948 8.07% Inflation in 2020 0.33%

USD Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$12,000,000,000 in 1948

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$12,000,000,000 in 1948 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$12,000,000,000, you would need to end with \$127,662,572,614.11 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$12,000,000,000 is equivalent to \$127,662,572,614.11 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1948 dollars, the chart below shows how \$12,000,000,000 is worth less over 72 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1948-2020
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1948 \$12,000,000,000.00 8.07%
1949 \$11,850,622,406.64 -1.24%
1950 \$12,000,000,000.00 1.26%
1951 \$12,946,058,091.29 7.88%
1952 \$13,195,020,746.89 1.92%
1953 \$13,294,605,809.13 0.75%
1954 \$13,394,190,871.37 0.75%
1955 \$13,344,398,340.25 -0.37%
1956 \$13,543,568,464.73 1.49%
1957 \$13,991,701,244.81 3.31%
1958 \$14,390,041,493.78 2.85%
1959 \$14,489,626,556.02 0.69%
1960 \$14,738,589,211.62 1.72%
1961 \$14,887,966,804.98 1.01%
1962 \$15,037,344,398.34 1.00%
1963 \$15,236,514,522.82 1.32%
1964 \$15,435,684,647.30 1.31%
1965 \$15,684,647,302.90 1.61%
1966 \$16,132,780,082.99 2.86%
1967 \$16,630,705,394.19 3.09%
1968 \$17,327,800,829.88 4.19%
1969 \$18,273,858,921.16 5.46%
1970 \$19,319,502,074.69 5.72%
1971 \$20,165,975,103.73 4.38%
1972 \$20,813,278,008.30 3.21%
1973 \$22,107,883,817.43 6.22%
1974 \$24,547,717,842.32 11.04%
1975 \$26,788,381,742.74 9.13%
1976 \$28,331,950,207.47 5.76%
1977 \$30,174,273,858.92 6.50%
1978 \$32,464,730,290.46 7.59%
1979 \$36,149,377,593.36 11.35%
1980 \$41,029,045,643.15 13.50%
1981 \$45,261,410,788.38 10.32%
1982 \$48,049,792,531.12 6.16%
1983 \$49,593,360,995.85 3.21%
1984 \$51,734,439,834.02 4.32%
1985 \$53,576,763,485.48 3.56%
1986 \$54,572,614,107.88 1.86%
1987 \$56,564,315,352.70 3.65%
1988 \$58,904,564,315.35 4.14%
1989 \$61,742,738,589.21 4.82%
1990 \$65,078,838,174.27 5.40%
1991 \$67,817,427,385.89 4.21%
1992 \$69,858,921,161.83 3.01%
1993 \$71,950,207,468.88 2.99%
1994 \$73,792,531,120.33 2.56%
1995 \$75,883,817,427.39 2.83%
1996 \$78,124,481,327.80 2.95%
1997 \$79,917,012,448.13 2.29%
1998 \$81,161,825,726.14 1.56%
1999 \$82,954,356,846.47 2.21%
2000 \$85,742,738,589.21 3.36%
2001 \$88,182,572,614.11 2.85%
2002 \$89,576,763,485.48 1.58%
2003 \$91,618,257,261.41 2.28%
2004 \$94,058,091,286.31 2.66%
2005 \$97,244,813,278.01 3.39%
2006 \$100,381,742,738.59 3.23%
2007 \$103,240,829,875.52 2.85%
2008 \$107,204,813,278.01 3.84%
2009 \$106,823,402,489.63 -0.36%
2010 \$108,575,601,659.75 1.64%
2011 \$112,002,821,576.76 3.16%
2012 \$114,320,663,900.41 2.07%
2013 \$115,995,186,721.99 1.46%
2014 \$117,876,846,473.03 1.62%
2015 \$118,016,763,485.48 0.12%
2016 \$119,505,560,165.98 1.26%
2017 \$122,051,452,282.16 2.13%
2018 \$125,093,775,933.61 2.49%
2019 \$127,298,340,248.96 1.76%
2020 \$127,662,572,614.11 0.29%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 66 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1948 amounts in today's dollars, based on the 963.85% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar today
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1948 \$10.64 dollars today
\$5 dollars in 1948 \$53.19 dollars today
\$10 dollars in 1948 \$106.39 dollars today
\$50 dollars in 1948 \$531.93 dollars today
\$100 dollars in 1948 \$1,063.85 dollars today
\$500 dollars in 1948 \$5,319.27 dollars today
\$1,000 dollars in 1948 \$10,638.55 dollars today
\$5,000 dollars in 1948 \$53,192.74 dollars today
\$10,000 dollars in 1948 \$106,385.48 dollars today
\$50,000 dollars in 1948 \$531,927.39 dollars today
\$100,000 dollars in 1948 \$1,063,854.77 dollars today
\$500,000 dollars in 1948 \$5,319,273.86 dollars today
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1948 \$10,638,547.72 dollars today

## Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1948 to 2020 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of \$12,000,000,000):

• San Francisco, California: 3.69% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$163,190,117,647.06, cumulative change of 1,259.92%
• Seattle, Washington: 3.55% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$148,183,302,819.48, cumulative change of 1,134.86%
• Boston, Massachusetts: 3.50% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$143,347,829,727.84, cumulative change of 1,094.57%
• New York: 3.44% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$136,675,715,729.20, cumulative change of 1,038.96%
• Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 3.31% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$124,784,093,959.73, cumulative change of 939.87%
• Atlanta, Georgia: 3.30% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$124,013,936,842.11, cumulative change of 933.45%
• Chicago, Illinois: 3.27% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$121,304,895,977.81, cumulative change of 910.87%
• Houston, Texas: 3.26% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$120,806,656,891.50, cumulative change of 906.72%
• Detroit, Michigan: 3.20% average rate, \$12,000,000,000 → \$116,103,555,858.31, cumulative change of 867.53%

San Francisco, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 72 years between 1948 and 2020 (3.69%).

Detroit, Michigan experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 72 years between 1948 and 2020 (3.20%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £12,000,000,000.00 in 1948 would be equivalent to £439,193,579,712.35 in 2020, an absolute change of £427,193,579,712.35 and a cumulative change of 3,559.95%.

In Canada, CA\$12,000,000,000.00 in 1948 would be equivalent to CA\$135,272,727,272.73 in 2020, an absolute change of CA\$123,272,727,272.73 and a cumulative change of 1,027.27%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$115,662,572,614.11 and total percent change of 963.85%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1948 and 2020.

Compare these values to the overall average of 3.34% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$12,000,000,000 in 1948 → 2020
Food and beverages 3.87 1,444.19 185,302,521,529.14
Housing 4.18 1,811.56 229,387,642,876.69
Apparel 1.47 186.71 34,405,537,459.28
Transportation 3.23 888.54 118,624,441,121.50
Medical care 5.09 3,468.60 428,231,569,195.14
Recreation 1.09 118.87 26,264,256,979.35
Education and communication 1.82 266.90 44,028,092,638.27
Other goods and services 4.98 3,203.98 396,477,187,463.75

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1948. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$12,000,000,000 since 1948

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1948 and today:

CPI today CPI in 1948
×
1948 USD value
=
Today's value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 24.1 in the year 1948 and 256.389 in 2020:

256.38924.1
×
\$12,000,000,000
=
\$127,662,572,614.11

\$12,000,000,000 in 1948 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$127,662,572,614.11 in 2020.

To get the total inflation rate for the 72 years between 1948 and 2020, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2020 - CPI in 1948CPI in 1948
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (72 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

256.389 - 24.124.1
×
100
=
964%

## Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 3.34% has a compounding effect between 1948 and 2020. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 963.85% over 72 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested \$12,000,000,000 in the S&P 500 index in 1948, our investment would be nominally worth approximately \$23,496,795,338,886.36 in 2020. This is a return on investment of 195,706.63%, with an absolute return of \$23,484,795,338,886.36 on top of the original \$12,000,000,000.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 90.60% of returns (\$21,288,148,448,157.19) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our \$12,000,000,000 investment is \$2,196,646,890,729.17. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around \$1,867,149,857,120 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1948-2020
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal \$12,000,000,000 \$23,496,795,338,886.36 195,706.63%
Real
\$12,000,000,000 \$2,208,646,890,729.17 18,305.39%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1948 to latest available data for 2020 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1948 and 2020, see the stock market returns calculator.

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
• Israel declares independence from British administration.
• The International Declaration of Human Rights is adopted by United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
• Moscow celebrates 500 years of the Russian Orthodox Church.
• Physicists Alpher, Bethe, and Gamow propose the Big Bang theory in the ‘Physical Review’

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$12,000,000,000 in 1948 → 2020 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 4 Jun. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1948?amount=12000000000.