# \$1 in 1921 is worth \$1.02 in 1921

\$

## Value of \$1 from 1925 to 1921

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 1921 are 2.29% higher than average prices since 1925. The U.S. dollar experienced an average deflation rate of -0.56% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to increase.

In other words, \$1 in 1925 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$1.02 in 1921, a difference of \$0.02 over 4 years.

The 1921 inflation rate was -10.50%. The inflation rate in 1925 was 2.34%. The 1925 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.87% per year between 1925 and 2020.

 Cumulative price change 2.29% Average inflation rate -0.56% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1.02 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.02 CPI in 1925 17.500 CPI in 1921 17.900 Inflation in 1921 -10.50% Inflation in 1925 2.34%

USD Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$1 in 1921

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$1 in 1921 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$1, you would need to end with \$1.02 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1921-1925
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1921 \$1.00 -10.50%
1922 \$0.94 -6.15%
1923 \$0.96 1.79%
1924 \$0.96 0.00%
1925 \$0.98 2.34%
1926 \$0.99 1.14%
1927 \$0.97 -1.69%
1928 \$0.96 -1.72%
1929 \$0.96 0.00%
1930 \$0.93 -2.34%
1931 \$0.85 -8.98%
1932 \$0.77 -9.87%
1933 \$0.73 -5.11%
1934 \$0.75 3.08%
1935 \$0.77 2.24%
1936 \$0.78 1.46%
1937 \$0.80 3.60%
1938 \$0.79 -2.08%
1939 \$0.78 -1.42%
1940 \$0.78 0.72%
1941 \$0.82 5.00%
1942 \$0.91 10.88%
1943 \$0.97 6.13%
1944 \$0.98 1.73%
1945 \$1.01 2.27%
1946 \$1.09 8.33%
1947 \$1.25 14.36%
1948 \$1.35 8.07%
1949 \$1.33 -1.24%
1950 \$1.35 1.26%
1951 \$1.45 7.88%
1952 \$1.48 1.92%
1953 \$1.49 0.75%
1954 \$1.50 0.75%
1955 \$1.50 -0.37%
1956 \$1.52 1.49%
1957 \$1.57 3.31%
1958 \$1.61 2.85%
1959 \$1.63 0.69%
1960 \$1.65 1.72%
1961 \$1.67 1.01%
1962 \$1.69 1.00%
1963 \$1.71 1.32%
1964 \$1.73 1.31%
1965 \$1.76 1.61%
1966 \$1.81 2.86%
1967 \$1.87 3.09%
1968 \$1.94 4.19%
1969 \$2.05 5.46%
1970 \$2.17 5.72%
1971 \$2.26 4.38%
1972 \$2.34 3.21%
1973 \$2.48 6.22%
1974 \$2.75 11.04%
1975 \$3.01 9.13%
1976 \$3.18 5.76%
1977 \$3.39 6.50%
1978 \$3.64 7.59%
1979 \$4.06 11.35%
1980 \$4.60 13.50%
1981 \$5.08 10.32%
1982 \$5.39 6.16%
1983 \$5.56 3.21%
1984 \$5.80 4.32%
1985 \$6.01 3.56%
1986 \$6.12 1.86%
1987 \$6.35 3.65%
1988 \$6.61 4.14%
1989 \$6.93 4.82%
1990 \$7.30 5.40%
1991 \$7.61 4.21%
1992 \$7.84 3.01%
1993 \$8.07 2.99%
1994 \$8.28 2.56%
1995 \$8.51 2.83%
1996 \$8.77 2.95%
1997 \$8.97 2.29%
1998 \$9.11 1.56%
1999 \$9.31 2.21%
2000 \$9.62 3.36%
2001 \$9.89 2.85%
2002 \$10.05 1.58%
2003 \$10.28 2.28%
2004 \$10.55 2.66%
2005 \$10.91 3.39%
2006 \$11.26 3.23%
2007 \$11.58 2.85%
2008 \$12.03 3.84%
2009 \$11.99 -0.36%
2010 \$12.18 1.64%
2011 \$12.57 3.16%
2012 \$12.83 2.07%
2013 \$13.01 1.46%
2014 \$13.23 1.62%
2015 \$13.24 0.12%
2016 \$13.41 1.26%
2017 \$13.69 2.13%
2018 \$14.04 2.49%
2019 \$14.28 1.76%
2020 \$14.32 0.29%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1921 amounts in 1925 dollars, based on the 2.29% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar in 1925
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1921 \$0.98 dollars in 1925
\$5 dollars in 1921 \$4.89 dollars in 1925
\$10 dollars in 1921 \$9.78 dollars in 1925
\$50 dollars in 1921 \$48.88 dollars in 1925
\$100 dollars in 1921 \$97.77 dollars in 1925
\$500 dollars in 1921 \$488.83 dollars in 1925
\$1,000 dollars in 1921 \$977.65 dollars in 1925
\$5,000 dollars in 1921 \$4,888.27 dollars in 1925
\$10,000 dollars in 1921 \$9,776.54 dollars in 1925
\$50,000 dollars in 1921 \$48,882.68 dollars in 1925
\$100,000 dollars in 1921 \$97,765.36 dollars in 1925
\$500,000 dollars in 1921 \$488,826.82 dollars in 1925
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1921 \$977,653.63 dollars in 1925

## Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1925 to 1921 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of \$1):

Chicago, Illinois experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 4 years between 1921 and 1925 (-0.09%).

Atlanta, Georgia experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 4 years between 1921 and 1925 (-2.28%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1925 would be equivalent to £1.24 in 1921, an absolute change of £0.24 and a cumulative change of 24.19%.

In Canada, CA\$1.00 in 1925 would be equivalent to CA\$1.01 in 1921, an absolute change of CA\$0.01 and a cumulative change of 1.08%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$0.02 and total percent change of 2.29%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1925 and 1921.

Compare these values to the overall average of -0.56% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1921 → 1925
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel -4.50 -16.84 0.83
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1925. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1921 to 1925

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1921 and 1925:

CPI in 1921 CPI in 1925
×
1925 USD value
=
1921 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 17.5 in the year 1925 and 17.9 in 1921:

17.917.5
×
\$1
=
\$1.02

\$1 in 1925 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$1.02 in 1921.

To get the total inflation rate for the 4 years between 1921 and 1925, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1921 - CPI in 1925CPI in 1925
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (4 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

17.9 - 17.517.5
×
100
=
2%

## News headlines from 1921

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• The Ku Klux Klan's first national march takes place in Washington.
• The last Qajar Shah of Iran is deposed with Reza Shah Pahlavi taking over.
• Scopes monkey trial ends in Dayton, Tennessee, finding John T. Scopes guilty of teaching evolution.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$1 in 1925 → 1921 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 27 May. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1925?amount=1&endYear=1921.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

#### About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

 Cumulative price change 2.29% Average inflation rate -0.56% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1.02 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.02 CPI in 1925 17.500 CPI in 1921 17.900 Inflation in 1921 -10.50% Inflation in 1925 2.34%