# \$1 in 1870 → \$0.84 in 1875

## Inflation Calculator

\$

### U.S. Inflation Rate, \$1 from 1870 to 1875

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 1875 are 16.03% lower than average prices since 1870. The U.S. dollar experienced an average deflation rate of -3.43% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar increased.

In other words, \$1 in 1870 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$0.84 in 1875, a difference of \$-0.16 over 5 years.

The 1870 inflation rate was -3.68%. The inflation rate in 1875 was -3.51%. The 1875 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.20% per year between 1875 and 2020.

 Cumulative price change -16.03% Average inflation rate -3.43% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$0.84 Price difference (\$1 base) \$-0.16 CPI in 1870 13.100 CPI in 1875 11.000 Inflation in 1870 -3.68% Inflation in 1875 -3.51%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

### Buying power of \$1 in 1870

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$1 in 1870 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$1, you would need to end with \$0.84 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1870 \$1.00 -3.68%
1871 \$0.93 -6.87%
1872 \$0.93 0.00%
1873 \$0.92 -1.64%
1874 \$0.87 -5.00%
1875 \$0.84 -3.51%
1876 \$0.82 -2.73%
1877 \$0.80 -1.87%
1878 \$0.76 -4.76%
1879 \$0.76 0.00%
1880 \$0.78 2.00%
1881 \$0.78 0.00%
1882 \$0.78 0.00%
1883 \$0.77 -0.98%
1884 \$0.75 -2.97%
1885 \$0.74 -1.02%
1886 \$0.72 -3.09%
1887 \$0.73 1.06%
1888 \$0.73 0.00%
1889 \$0.70 -3.16%
1890 \$0.69 -1.09%
1891 \$0.69 0.00%
1892 \$0.69 0.00%
1893 \$0.69 -1.10%
1894 \$0.66 -4.44%
1895 \$0.64 -2.33%
1896 \$0.64 0.00%
1897 \$0.63 -1.19%
1898 \$0.63 0.00%
1899 \$0.63 0.00%
1900 \$0.64 1.20%
1901 \$0.65 1.19%
1902 \$0.66 1.18%
1903 \$0.67 2.33%
1904 \$0.68 1.14%
1905 \$0.67 -1.12%
1906 \$0.69 2.27%
1907 \$0.72 4.44%
1908 \$0.70 -2.13%
1909 \$0.69 -1.09%
1910 \$0.73 4.40%
1911 \$0.73 0.00%
1912 \$0.74 2.11%
1913 \$0.76 2.06%
1914 \$0.76 1.01%
1915 \$0.77 1.00%
1916 \$0.83 7.92%
1917 \$0.98 17.43%
1918 \$1.15 17.97%
1919 \$1.32 14.57%
1920 \$1.53 15.61%
1921 \$1.37 -10.50%
1922 \$1.28 -6.15%
1923 \$1.31 1.79%
1924 \$1.31 0.00%
1925 \$1.34 2.34%
1926 \$1.35 1.14%
1927 \$1.33 -1.69%
1928 \$1.31 -1.72%
1929 \$1.31 0.00%
1930 \$1.27 -2.34%
1931 \$1.16 -8.98%
1932 \$1.05 -9.87%
1933 \$0.99 -5.11%
1934 \$1.02 3.08%
1935 \$1.05 2.24%
1936 \$1.06 1.46%
1937 \$1.10 3.60%
1938 \$1.08 -2.08%
1939 \$1.06 -1.42%
1940 \$1.07 0.72%
1941 \$1.12 5.00%
1942 \$1.24 10.88%
1943 \$1.32 6.13%
1944 \$1.34 1.73%
1945 \$1.37 2.27%
1946 \$1.49 8.33%
1947 \$1.70 14.36%
1948 \$1.84 8.07%
1949 \$1.82 -1.24%
1950 \$1.84 1.26%
1951 \$1.98 7.88%
1952 \$2.02 1.92%
1953 \$2.04 0.75%
1954 \$2.05 0.75%
1955 \$2.05 -0.37%
1956 \$2.08 1.49%
1957 \$2.15 3.31%
1958 \$2.21 2.85%
1959 \$2.22 0.69%
1960 \$2.26 1.72%
1961 \$2.28 1.01%
1962 \$2.31 1.00%
1963 \$2.34 1.32%
1964 \$2.37 1.31%
1965 \$2.40 1.61%
1966 \$2.47 2.86%
1967 \$2.55 3.09%
1968 \$2.66 4.19%
1969 \$2.80 5.46%
1970 \$2.96 5.72%
1971 \$3.09 4.38%
1972 \$3.19 3.21%
1973 \$3.39 6.22%
1974 \$3.76 11.04%
1975 \$4.11 9.13%
1976 \$4.34 5.76%
1977 \$4.63 6.50%
1978 \$4.98 7.59%
1979 \$5.54 11.35%
1980 \$6.29 13.50%
1981 \$6.94 10.32%
1982 \$7.37 6.16%
1983 \$7.60 3.21%
1984 \$7.93 4.32%
1985 \$8.21 3.56%
1986 \$8.37 1.86%
1987 \$8.67 3.65%
1988 \$9.03 4.14%
1989 \$9.47 4.82%
1990 \$9.98 5.40%
1991 \$10.40 4.21%
1992 \$10.71 3.01%
1993 \$11.03 2.99%
1994 \$11.31 2.56%
1995 \$11.63 2.83%
1996 \$11.98 2.95%
1997 \$12.25 2.29%
1998 \$12.44 1.56%
1999 \$12.72 2.21%
2000 \$13.15 3.36%
2001 \$13.52 2.85%
2002 \$13.73 1.58%
2003 \$14.05 2.28%
2004 \$14.42 2.66%
2005 \$14.91 3.39%
2006 \$15.39 3.23%
2007 \$15.83 2.85%
2008 \$16.44 3.84%
2009 \$16.38 -0.36%
2010 \$16.65 1.64%
2011 \$17.17 3.16%
2012 \$17.53 2.07%
2013 \$17.78 1.46%
2014 \$18.07 1.62%
2015 \$18.09 0.12%
2016 \$18.32 1.26%
2017 \$18.71 2.13%
2018 \$19.18 2.49%
2019 \$19.52 1.76%
2020 \$19.69 0.90%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

### Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1870 would be equivalent to £1.03 in 1875, an absolute change of £0.03 and a cumulative change of 3.16%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$-0.16 and total percent change of -16.03%.

### Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1870 and 1875.

Compare these values to the overall average of -3.43% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1870 → 1875
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1870. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1870 to 1875

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1875CPI in 1870
×
1870 USD value
=
1875 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 13.1 in the year 1870 and 11 in 1875:

1113.1
×
\$1
=
\$0.84

\$1 in 1870 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$0.84 in 1875.

To get the total inflation rate for the 5 years between 1870 and 1875, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1875 - CPI in 1870CPI in 1870
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (5 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

11 - 13.113.1
×
100
=
-16%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• New York begins building the Brooklyn Bridge (the bridge is completed in 1883).
• Austria inaugurates Wiener Musikverein, also known as the Great Hall, in Vienna.
• The Carson City mint, in Nevada, starts issuing coins.

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$1 in 1870 → 1875 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 21 Feb. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1870?amount=1&endYear=1875.