$1 in 1855 is worth $1.63 in 1868

Value of $1 from 1855 to 1868

$1 in 1855 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.63 in 1868, an increase of $0.63 over 13 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 3.84% per year between 1855 and 1868, producing a cumulative price increase of 63.22%.

This means that prices in 1868 are 1.63 times higher than average prices since 1855, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The 1855 inflation rate was 3.57%. The inflation rate in 1868 was -4.05%. The 1868 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 1.96% per year between 1868 and 2021.


Inflation from 1855 to 1868
Cumulative price change 63.22%
Average inflation rate 3.84%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.63
Price difference ($1 base) $0.63
CPI in 1855 8.700
CPI in 1868 14.200
Inflation in 1855 3.57%
Inflation in 1868 -4.05%
$1 in 1855 $1.63 in 1868

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
Download

Buying power of $1 in 1855

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $1 in 1855 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with $1, you would need to end with $1.63 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When $1 is equivalent to $1.63 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1855 dollars, the chart below shows how $1 is worth less over 13 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1855-1868
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1855 $1.00 3.57%
1856 $0.98 -2.30%
1857 $1.00 2.35%
1858 $0.94 -5.75%
1859 $0.95 1.22%
1860 $0.95 0.00%
1861 $1.01 6.02%
1862 $1.16 14.77%
1863 $1.45 24.75%
1864 $1.80 24.60%
1865 $1.87 3.82%
1866 $1.83 -2.45%
1867 $1.70 -6.92%
1868 $1.63 -4.05%
1869 $1.56 -4.23%
1870 $1.51 -3.68%
1871 $1.40 -6.87%
1872 $1.40 0.00%
1873 $1.38 -1.64%
1874 $1.31 -5.00%
1875 $1.26 -3.51%
1876 $1.23 -2.73%
1877 $1.21 -1.87%
1878 $1.15 -4.76%
1879 $1.15 0.00%
1880 $1.17 2.00%
1881 $1.17 0.00%
1882 $1.17 0.00%
1883 $1.16 -0.98%
1884 $1.13 -2.97%
1885 $1.11 -1.02%
1886 $1.08 -3.09%
1887 $1.09 1.06%
1888 $1.09 0.00%
1889 $1.06 -3.16%
1890 $1.05 -1.09%
1891 $1.05 0.00%
1892 $1.05 0.00%
1893 $1.03 -1.10%
1894 $0.99 -4.44%
1895 $0.97 -2.33%
1896 $0.97 0.00%
1897 $0.95 -1.19%
1898 $0.95 0.00%
1899 $0.95 0.00%
1900 $0.97 1.20%
1901 $0.98 1.19%
1902 $0.99 1.18%
1903 $1.01 2.33%
1904 $1.02 1.14%
1905 $1.01 -1.12%
1906 $1.03 2.27%
1907 $1.08 4.44%
1908 $1.06 -2.13%
1909 $1.05 -1.09%
1910 $1.09 4.40%
1911 $1.09 0.00%
1912 $1.11 2.11%
1913 $1.14 2.06%
1914 $1.15 1.01%
1915 $1.16 1.00%
1916 $1.25 7.92%
1917 $1.47 17.43%
1918 $1.74 17.97%
1919 $1.99 14.57%
1920 $2.30 15.61%
1921 $2.06 -10.50%
1922 $1.93 -6.15%
1923 $1.97 1.79%
1924 $1.97 0.00%
1925 $2.01 2.34%
1926 $2.03 1.14%
1927 $2.00 -1.69%
1928 $1.97 -1.72%
1929 $1.97 0.00%
1930 $1.92 -2.34%
1931 $1.75 -8.98%
1932 $1.57 -9.87%
1933 $1.49 -5.11%
1934 $1.54 3.08%
1935 $1.57 2.24%
1936 $1.60 1.46%
1937 $1.66 3.60%
1938 $1.62 -2.08%
1939 $1.60 -1.42%
1940 $1.61 0.72%
1941 $1.69 5.00%
1942 $1.87 10.88%
1943 $1.99 6.13%
1944 $2.02 1.73%
1945 $2.07 2.27%
1946 $2.24 8.33%
1947 $2.56 14.36%
1948 $2.77 8.07%
1949 $2.74 -1.24%
1950 $2.77 1.26%
1951 $2.99 7.88%
1952 $3.05 1.92%
1953 $3.07 0.75%
1954 $3.09 0.75%
1955 $3.08 -0.37%
1956 $3.13 1.49%
1957 $3.23 3.31%
1958 $3.32 2.85%
1959 $3.34 0.69%
1960 $3.40 1.72%
1961 $3.44 1.01%
1962 $3.47 1.00%
1963 $3.52 1.32%
1964 $3.56 1.31%
1965 $3.62 1.61%
1966 $3.72 2.86%
1967 $3.84 3.09%
1968 $4.00 4.19%
1969 $4.22 5.46%
1970 $4.46 5.72%
1971 $4.66 4.38%
1972 $4.80 3.21%
1973 $5.10 6.22%
1974 $5.67 11.04%
1975 $6.18 9.13%
1976 $6.54 5.76%
1977 $6.97 6.50%
1978 $7.49 7.59%
1979 $8.34 11.35%
1980 $9.47 13.50%
1981 $10.45 10.32%
1982 $11.09 6.16%
1983 $11.45 3.21%
1984 $11.94 4.32%
1985 $12.37 3.56%
1986 $12.60 1.86%
1987 $13.06 3.65%
1988 $13.60 4.14%
1989 $14.25 4.82%
1990 $15.02 5.40%
1991 $15.66 4.21%
1992 $16.13 3.01%
1993 $16.61 2.99%
1994 $17.03 2.56%
1995 $17.52 2.83%
1996 $18.03 2.95%
1997 $18.45 2.29%
1998 $18.74 1.56%
1999 $19.15 2.21%
2000 $19.79 3.36%
2001 $20.36 2.85%
2002 $20.68 1.58%
2003 $21.15 2.28%
2004 $21.71 2.66%
2005 $22.45 3.39%
2006 $23.17 3.23%
2007 $23.83 2.85%
2008 $24.75 3.84%
2009 $24.66 -0.36%
2010 $25.06 1.64%
2011 $25.86 3.16%
2012 $26.39 2.07%
2013 $26.78 1.46%
2014 $27.21 1.62%
2015 $27.24 0.12%
2016 $27.59 1.26%
2017 $28.17 2.13%
2018 $28.88 2.49%
2019 $29.39 1.76%
2020 $29.75 1.23%
2021 $31.79 6.87%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 7 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1855 amounts in 1868 dollars, based on the 63.22% change in prices:

Conversion: 1855 dollars in 1868
Initial value Equivalent value
$1 dollar in 1855 $1.63 dollars in 1868
$5 dollars in 1855 $8.16 dollars in 1868
$10 dollars in 1855 $16.32 dollars in 1868
$50 dollars in 1855 $81.61 dollars in 1868
$100 dollars in 1855 $163.22 dollars in 1868
$500 dollars in 1855 $816.09 dollars in 1868
$1,000 dollars in 1855 $1,632.18 dollars in 1868
$5,000 dollars in 1855 $8,160.92 dollars in 1868
$10,000 dollars in 1855 $16,321.84 dollars in 1868
$50,000 dollars in 1855 $81,609.20 dollars in 1868
$100,000 dollars in 1855 $163,218.39 dollars in 1868
$500,000 dollars in 1855 $816,091.95 dollars in 1868
$1,000,000 dollars in 1855 $1,632,183.91 dollars in 1868

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1855 would be equivalent to £0.95 in 1868, an absolute change of £-0.05 and a cumulative change of -4.76%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.63 and total percent change of 63.22%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1855 and 1868.

Compare these values to the overall average of 3.84% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1855 → 1868
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1855. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1855 to 1868

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1855 and 1868:

CPI in 1868 CPI in 1855
×
1855 USD value
=
1868 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.7 in the year 1855 and 14.2 in 1868:

14.28.7
×
$1
=
$1.63

$1 in 1855 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.63 in 1868.

To get the total inflation rate for the 13 years between 1855 and 1868, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1868 - CPI in 1855CPI in 1855
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (13 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

14.2 - 8.78.7
×
100
=
63%

News headlines from 1855

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • David Livingstone visits the Victoria Falls, becoming the first European to see it.
  • Henry John Temple, Third Viscount Palmerston, forms a British government.
  • A train passes a railway suspension bridge at the Niagara Falls, US for the first time.
  • Kerosene is patented by Abraham Gesner.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$1 in 1855 → 1868 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 2 Dec. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1855?amount=1&endYear=1868.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1855 to 1868
Cumulative price change 63.22%
Average inflation rate 3.84%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.63
Price difference ($1 base) $0.63
CPI in 1855 8.700
CPI in 1868 14.200
Inflation in 1855 3.57%
Inflation in 1868 -4.05%
$1 in 1855 $1.63 in 1868