U.S. inflation rate in 1975: 9.13%

Inflation in 1975 and its effect on dollar value

$1 in 1974 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.09 in 1975. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 9.13% per year between 1974 and 1975, producing a cumulative price increase of 9.13%. Purchasing power decreased by 9.13% in 1975 compared to 1974. On average, you would have to spend 9.13% more money in 1975 than in 1974 for the same item.

This means that prices in 1975 are 1.09 times higher than average prices since 1974, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 1974 was 11.04%. The inflation rate in 1975 was 9.13%. The 1975 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 3.67% per year between 1975 and 2022.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1975 was 53.80. It was 49.30 in the previous year, 1974. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Inflation from 1974 to 1975
Average inflation rate 9.13%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.09
Price difference ($1 base) $0.09
CPI in 1974 49.300
CPI in 1975 53.800
Inflation in 1974 11.04%
Inflation in 1975 9.13%
$1 in 1974 $1.09 in 1975

Recent USD inflation
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1974 to 1975 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $1):

Houston, Texas experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 1974 and 1975 (12.18%).

Detroit, Michigan experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 1974 and 1975 (7.45%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1974 would be equivalent to £1.24 in 1975, an absolute change of £0.24 and a cumulative change of 24.24%.

In Canada, CA$1.00 in 1974 would be equivalent to CA$1.11 in 1975, an absolute change of CA$0.11 and a cumulative change of 10.67%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.09 and total percent change of 9.13%.

Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1974 and 1975.

Compare these values to the overall average of 9.13% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1974 → 1975
Food and beverages 8.44 8.44 1.08
Housing 10.55 10.55 1.11
Apparel 4.45 4.45 1.04
Transportation 9.39 9.39 1.09
Medical care 12.06 12.06 1.12
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 8.35 8.35 1.08

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1974. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

How to calculate inflation rate for $1, 1974 to 1975

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1974 and 1975:

CPI in 1975 CPI in 1974
1974 USD value
1975 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 49.3 in the year 1974 and 53.8 in 1975:


$1 in 1974 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.09 in 1975.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1974 and 1975, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1975 - CPI in 1974CPI in 1974
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

53.8 - 49.349.3

Alternate Measurements of Inflation

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the Core CPI, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged 9.21% per year between 1974 and 1975 (vs all-CPI inflation of 9.13%), for an inflation total of 9.21%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $1 in 1974 is equivalent in buying power to $1.09 in 1975, a difference of $0.09. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $1.09 with a difference of $0.09.

In 1974, core inflation was 8.25%.

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1 in the S&P 500 index in 1974, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $1.10 in 1975. This is a return on investment of 9.86%, with an absolute return of $0.10 on top of the original $1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 8.36% of returns ($0.09) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $1 investment is $0.01. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $0 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1974-1975
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $1 $1.10 9.86%
Inflation Adjusted
$1 $1.01 0.67%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1974 to latest available data for 1975 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1974 and 1975, see the stock market returns calculator.

Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1634 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1975 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 27 Jun. 2022, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1975.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1974 to 1975
Average inflation rate 9.13%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.09
Price difference ($1 base) $0.09
CPI in 1974 49.300
CPI in 1975 53.800
Inflation in 1974 11.04%
Inflation in 1975 9.13%
$1 in 1974 $1.09 in 1975