# U.S. inflation rate in 1891: 0.00%

## Inflation Calculator

\$

### Inflation in 1891 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 0.00% in 1891 compared to 1890. On average, you would have to spend 0.00% more money in 1891 than in 1890 for the same item.

In other words, \$1 in 1890 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$1 in 1891.

The 1890 inflation rate was -1.09%. The inflation rate in 1891 was 0.00%. The 1891 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.63% per year between 1891 and 2020.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1891 was 9.10. It was 9.10 in the previous year, 1890. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

 Average inflation rate 0.00% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.00 CPI in 1890 9.100 CPI in 1891 9.100 Inflation in 1890 -1.09% Inflation in 1891 0.00%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

### Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1890 would be equivalent to £1.01 in 1891, an absolute change of £0.01 and a cumulative change of 1.14%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$0.00 and total percent change of 0.00%.

### Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1890 and 1891.

Compare these values to the overall average of 0.00% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1890 → 1891
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1890. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1890 to 1891

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1891CPI in 1890
×
1890 USD value
=
1891 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 9.1 in the year 1890 and 9.1 in 1891:

9.19.1
×
\$1
=
\$1

\$1 in 1890 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$1 in 1891.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1890 and 1891, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1891 - CPI in 1890CPI in 1890
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.1 - 9.19.1
×
100
=
0%

### Comparison to S&P 500 Index

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested \$1 in the S&P 500 index in 1890, our investment would be nominally worth approximately \$1.12 in 1891. This is a return on investment of 11.56%, with an absolute return of \$0.12 on top of the original \$1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 0.00% of returns (\$0.00) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our \$1 investment is \$0.12. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around \$0 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1890-1891
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal \$1 \$1.12 11.56%
Real
\$1 \$1.12 11.56%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1890 to latest available data for 1891 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1890 and 1891, see the stock market returns calculator.

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Alice Sanger becomes the White House’s first female employee.
• The Forth Bridge (Scotland), becomes the longest bridge in Great Britain: it is officially opened by the Prince of Wales (King Edward VII).
• Wilhelm II, the German emperor, removes Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck.
• First electric chair execution is performed on murderer William Kemmler at Auburn Prison in New York.

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1891 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 8 Apr. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1891.