U.S. inflation rate in 1865: 3.82%

Inflation in 1865 and its effect on dollar value

$1 in 1864 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.04 in 1865. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 3.82% per year between 1864 and 1865, producing a cumulative price increase of 3.82%. Purchasing power decreased by 3.82% in 1865 compared to 1864. On average, you would have to spend 3.82% more money in 1865 than in 1864 for the same item.

This means that prices in 1865 are 1.04 times higher than average prices since 1864, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 1864 was 24.60%. The inflation rate in 1865 was 3.82%. The 1865 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 1.86% per year between 1865 and 2022.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1865 was 16.30. It was 15.70 in the previous year, 1864. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.


Inflation from 1864 to 1865
Average inflation rate3.82%
Converted amount ($1 base)$1.04
Price difference ($1 base)$0.04
CPI in 186415.700
CPI in 186516.300
Inflation in 186424.60%
Inflation in 18653.82%
$1 in 1864$1.04 in 1865

Recent USD inflation
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
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Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1864 would be equivalent to £1.01 in 1865, an absolute change of £0.01 and a cumulative change of 1.12%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.04 and total percent change of 3.82%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1864 and 1865.

Compare these values to the overall average of 3.82% per year:

CategoryAvg Inflation (%)Total Inflation (%)$1 in 1864 → 1865
Food and beverages0.000.001.00
Housing0.000.001.00
Apparel0.000.001.00
Transportation0.000.001.00
Medical care0.000.001.00
Recreation0.000.001.00
Education and communication0.000.001.00
Other goods and services0.000.001.00

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1864. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to calculate inflation rate for $1, 1864 to 1865

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1864 and 1865:

CPI in 1865 CPI in 1864
×
1864 USD value
=
1865 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 15.7 in the year 1864 and 16.3 in 1865:

16.315.7
×
$1
=
$1.04

$1 in 1864 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.04 in 1865.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1864 and 1865, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1865 - CPI in 1864CPI in 1864
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

16.3 - 15.715.7
×
100
=
4%

Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1634 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1865 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 15 Aug. 2022, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1865.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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Inflation from 1864 to 1865
Average inflation rate3.82%
Converted amount ($1 base)$1.04
Price difference ($1 base)$0.04
CPI in 186415.700
CPI in 186516.300
Inflation in 186424.60%
Inflation in 18653.82%
$1 in 1864$1.04 in 1865