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U.S. inflation rate in 1854: 9.09%

Inflation in 1854 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 9.09% in 1854 compared to 1853. On average, you would have to spend 9.09% more money in 1854 than in 1853 for the same item.

In other words, \$1 in 1853 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$1.09 in 1854.

The 1853 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1854 was 9.09%. The 1854 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.08% per year between 1854 and 2020.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1854 was 8.40. It was 7.70 in the previous year, 1853. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

 Average inflation rate 9.09% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1.09 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.09 CPI in 1853 7.700 CPI in 1854 8.400 Inflation in 1853 0.00% Inflation in 1854 9.09%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1853 would be equivalent to £1.15 in 1854, an absolute change of £0.15 and a cumulative change of 14.61%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$0.09 and total percent change of 9.09%.

Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1853 and 1854.

Compare these values to the overall average of 9.09% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1853 → 1854
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1853. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1853 to 1854

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1854CPI in 1853
×
1853 USD value
=
1854 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 7.7 in the year 1853 and 8.4 in 1854:

8.47.7
×
\$1
=
\$1.09

\$1 in 1853 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$1.09 in 1854.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1853 and 1854, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1854 - CPI in 1853CPI in 1853
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

8.4 - 7.77.7
×
100
=
9%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• United States gains several new territories, now known as southern Arizona and New Mexico, after Gadsden Purchase worth \$10 million, which was signed by President Franklin Pierce
• Japan opens itself to Western influence and trade after Commodore Matthew C Perry sails his frigate into Tokyo Bay.
• Train wreck of US President-elect Franklin Pierce and his family in Massachusetts.
• John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy Protestant Episcopal Church.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1854 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 28 Jan. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1854.