U.S. inflation rate in 1801: 0.79%

Inflation in 1801 and its effect on dollar value

$1 in 1800 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.01 in 1801. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 0.79% per year between 1800 and 1801, producing a cumulative price increase of 0.79%. Purchasing power decreased by 0.79% in 1801 compared to 1800. On average, you would have to spend 0.79% more money in 1801 than in 1800 for the same item.

This means that prices in 1801 are 1.01 times as high as average prices since 1800, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 1800 was 2.44%. The inflation rate in 1801 was 0.79%. The 1801 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 1.43% per year between 1801 and 2023.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1801 was 12.70. It was 12.60 in the previous year, 1800. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.


Inflation from 1800 to 1801
Average inflation rate0.79%
Converted amount ($1 base)$1.01
Price difference ($1 base)$0.01
CPI in 180012.600
CPI in 180112.700
Inflation in 18002.44%
Inflation in 18010.79%
$1 in 1800$1.01 in 1801

Recent USD inflation
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
Download

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1800 would be equivalent to £1.12 in 1801, an absolute change of £0.12 and a cumulative change of 11.85%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.01 and total percent change of 0.79%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1800 and 1801.

Compare these values to the overall average of 0.79% per year:

CategoryAvg Inflation (%)Total Inflation (%)$1 in 1800 → 1801
Food and beverages0.000.001.00
Housing0.000.001.00
Apparel0.000.001.00
Transportation0.000.001.00
Medical care0.000.001.00
Recreation0.000.001.00
Education and communication0.000.001.00
Other goods and services0.000.001.00

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1800. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to calculate inflation rate for $1, 1800 to 1801

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1800 and 1801:

CPI in 1801 CPI in 1800
×
1800 USD value
=
1801 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.6 in the year 1800 and 12.7 in 1801:

12.712.6
×
$1
=
$1.01

$1 in 1800 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.01 in 1801.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1800 and 1801, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1801 - CPI in 1800CPI in 1800
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

12.7 - 12.612.6
×
100
=
1%

Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1634 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1801 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 31 Jan. 2023, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1801.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

Email · LinkedIn · Twitter


» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1800 to 1801
Average inflation rate0.79%
Converted amount ($1 base)$1.01
Price difference ($1 base)$0.01
CPI in 180012.600
CPI in 180112.700
Inflation in 18002.44%
Inflation in 18010.79%
$1 in 1800$1.01 in 1801