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# U.S. inflation rate in 1800: 2.44%

### Inflation in 1800 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 2.44% in 1800 compared to 1799. On average, you would have to spend 2.44% more money in 1800 than in 1799 for the same item.

In other words, \$1 in 1799 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$1.02 in 1800.

The 1799 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1800 was 2.44%. The 1800 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 1.38% per year between 1800 and 2020.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1800 was 12.60. It was 12.30 in the previous year, 1799. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

 Average inflation rate 2.44% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1.02 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.02 CPI in 1799 12.300 CPI in 1800 12.600 Inflation in 1799 0.00% Inflation in 1800 2.44%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

### Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1799 would be equivalent to £1.36 in 1800, an absolute change of £0.36 and a cumulative change of 36.36%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$0.02 and total percent change of 2.44%.

### Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1799 and 1800.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.44% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1799 → 1800
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1799. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1799 to 1800

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1800CPI in 1799
×
1799 USD value
=
1800 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.3 in the year 1799 and 12.6 in 1800:

12.612.3
×
\$1
=
\$1.02

\$1 in 1799 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$1.02 in 1800.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1799 and 1800, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1800 - CPI in 1799CPI in 1799
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

12.6 - 12.312.3
×
100
=
2%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• The Rosetta stone is discovered in Egypt by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard
• A new tax is introduced in Britain, to raise money for the war against Napoleon.
• The US government and Eli Whitney agree a contract for 10,000 muskets

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1800 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 27 Jan. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1800.