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U.S. inflation rate in 1797: -3.79%

Inflation in 1797 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power increased by 3.79% in 1797 compared to 1796. On average, you would have to spend 3.79% less money in 1797 than in 1796 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, \$1 in 1796 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$0.96 in 1797.

The 1796 inflation rate was 4.76%. The inflation rate in 1797 was -3.79%. The 1797 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 1.36% per year between 1797 and 2020.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1797 was 12.70. It was 13.20 in the previous year, 1796. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1797 CPI is less than 1796 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

 Average inflation rate -3.79% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$0.96 Price difference (\$1 base) \$-0.04 CPI in 1796 13.200 CPI in 1797 12.700 Inflation in 1796 4.76% Inflation in 1797 -3.79%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1796 would be equivalent to £0.90 in 1797, an absolute change of £-0.10 and a cumulative change of -10.00%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$-0.04 and total percent change of -3.79%.

Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1796 and 1797.

Compare these values to the overall average of -3.79% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1796 → 1797
Food and beverages 0.00 0.00 1.00
Housing 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care 0.00 0.00 1.00
Recreation 0.00 0.00 1.00
Education and communication 0.00 0.00 1.00
Other goods and services 0.00 0.00 1.00

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1796. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1796 to 1797

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1797CPI in 1796
×
1796 USD value
=
1797 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 13.2 in the year 1796 and 12.7 in 1797:

12.713.2
×
\$1
=
\$0.96

\$1 in 1796 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$0.96 in 1797.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1796 and 1797, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1797 - CPI in 1796CPI in 1796
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

12.7 - 13.213.2
×
100
=
-4%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Dr Edward Jenner inoculates someone against smallpox for the first time in Berkley.
• The first elephant from India arrives in the United States
• Defeat of Piedmontese by a Napoleon-lead French army at Battle of Mondovi
• U.S. celebrates its first Independence Day holiday

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1797 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 24 Jan. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1797.