$1 in 1990 is worth $0.90 in 1988

Value of $1 from 1990 to 1988

According to Statistics Canada consumer price index, prices in 1988 are 9.51% lower than average prices since 1990. The Canadian dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 5.12% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to decrease.

In other words, $1 in 1990 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $0.90 in 1988, a difference of $-0.10 over 2 years.

The 1988 inflation rate was 3.88%. The inflation rate in 1990 was 4.99%. The 1990 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 1.80% per year between 1990 and 2020.


Inflation from 1990 to 1988
Cumulative price change -9.51%
Average inflation rate 5.12%
Converted amount ($1 base) $0.90
Price difference ($1 base) $-0.10
CPI in 1990 79.900
CPI in 1988 72.300
Inflation in 1988 3.88%
Inflation in 1990 4.99%

CAD Inflation since 1914
Annual Rate, Statistics Canada CPI
Download

Buying power of $1 in 1988

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $1 in 1988 (price index tracking began in 1914).

For example, if you started with $1, you would need to end with $0.90 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When $1 is equivalent to $0.90 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single Canadian dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1988 dollars, the chart below shows how $1 is worth less over 2 years.

According to Statistics Canada, each of these CAD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1988-1990
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1988 $1.00 3.88%
1989 $1.05 5.26%
1990 $1.11 4.99%
1991 $1.15 3.75%
1992 $1.17 2.17%
1993 $1.19 1.65%
1994 $1.19 0.23%
1995 $1.21 1.74%
1996 $1.24 2.16%
1997 $1.25 0.78%
1998 $1.26 1.00%
1999 $1.30 2.63%
2000 $1.34 3.20%
2001 $1.35 0.72%
2002 $1.40 3.80%
2003 $1.43 2.08%
2004 $1.46 2.13%
2005 $1.49 2.09%
2006 $1.51 1.67%
2007 $1.55 2.38%
2008 $1.57 1.16%
2009 $1.59 1.32%
2010 $1.63 2.35%
2011 $1.66 2.30%
2012 $1.68 0.83%
2013 $1.70 1.24%
2014 $1.72 1.47%
2015 $1.75 1.61%
2016 $1.78 1.50%
2017 $1.80 1.56%
2018 $1.81 0.31%
2019 $1.85 1.99%
2020 $1.89 2.25%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1988 amounts in 1990 dollars, based on the -9.51% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar in 1990
Initial value Equivalent value
$1 dollar in 1988 $1.11 dollars in 1990
$5 dollars in 1988 $5.53 dollars in 1990
$10 dollars in 1988 $11.05 dollars in 1990
$50 dollars in 1988 $55.26 dollars in 1990
$100 dollars in 1988 $110.51 dollars in 1990
$500 dollars in 1988 $552.56 dollars in 1990
$1,000 dollars in 1988 $1,105.12 dollars in 1990
$5,000 dollars in 1988 $5,525.59 dollars in 1990
$10,000 dollars in 1988 $11,051.18 dollars in 1990
$50,000 dollars in 1988 $55,255.88 dollars in 1990
$100,000 dollars in 1988 $110,511.76 dollars in 1990
$500,000 dollars in 1988 $552,558.78 dollars in 1990
$1,000,000 dollars in 1988 $1,105,117.57 dollars in 1990

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1988 to 1990

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1988 and 1990:

CPI in 1988 CPI in 1990
×
1990 CAD value
=
1988 CAD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The Canadian CPI was 79.9 in the year 1990 and 72.3 in 1988:

72.379.9
×
$1
=
$0.90

$1 in 1990 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $0.90 in 1988.

To get the total inflation rate for the 2 years between 1988 and 1990, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1988 - CPI in 1990CPI in 1990
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (2 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

72.3 - 79.979.9
×
100
=
-10%

News headlines from 1988

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Nelson Mandela is released having spent 27 years in South African prison.
  • The Hubble Space Telescope takes its first photos from space.
  • Dr Penny Jamieson, becomes the first woman to be made an Anglican Bishop, in New Zeeland
  • The United States sends troops to Saudi Arabia, marking the beginning of Operation Desert Shield.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the government of Canada's annual Consumer Price Index (CPI), established in 1914 and computed by Statistics Canada (StatCan).

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$1 in 1990 → 1988 | Canada Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 13 Aug. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/canada/inflation/1990?amount=1&endYear=1988.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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Inflation from 1990 to 1988
Cumulative price change -9.51%
Average inflation rate 5.12%
Converted amount ($1 base) $0.90
Price difference ($1 base) $-0.10
CPI in 1990 79.900
CPI in 1988 72.300
Inflation in 1988 3.88%
Inflation in 1990 4.99%