$100 in 2001 is worth $135.52 in 2016

Value of $100 from 2001 to 2016

$100 in 2001 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $135.52 in 2016, an increase of $35.52 over 15 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 2.05% per year between 2001 and 2016, producing a cumulative price increase of 35.52%.

This means that prices in 2016 are 1.36 times higher than average prices since 2001, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 2001 was 2.85%. The inflation rate in 2016 was 1.26%. The 2016 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.57% per year between 2016 and 2022.


Inflation from 2001 to 2016
Cumulative price change35.52%
Average inflation rate2.05%
Converted amount ($100 base)$135.52
Price difference ($100 base)$35.52
CPI in 2001177.100
CPI in 2016240.007
Inflation in 20012.85%
Inflation in 20161.26%
$100 in 2001$135.52 in 2016

USD inflation since 2001
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
Download

Buying power of $100 in 2001

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $100 in 2001 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with $100, you would need to end with $135.52 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When $100 is equivalent to $135.52 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 2001 dollars, the chart below shows how $100 is worth less over 15 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 2001-2016
YearDollar ValueInflation Rate
2001$100.002.85%
2002$101.581.58%
2003$103.902.28%
2004$106.662.66%
2005$110.283.39%
2006$113.833.23%
2007$117.082.85%
2008$121.573.84%
2009$121.14-0.36%
2010$123.131.64%
2011$127.013.16%
2012$129.642.07%
2013$131.541.46%
2014$133.671.62%
2015$133.830.12%
2016$135.521.26%
2017$138.412.13%
2018$141.862.49%
2019$144.361.76%
2020$146.141.23%
2021$153.004.70%
2022$167.239.30%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 9 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 2001 amounts in 2016 dollars, based on the 35.52% change in prices:

Conversion: 2001 dollars in 2016
Initial valueEquivalent value
$1 dollar in 2001$1.36 dollars in 2016
$5 dollars in 2001$6.78 dollars in 2016
$10 dollars in 2001$13.55 dollars in 2016
$50 dollars in 2001$67.76 dollars in 2016
$100 dollars in 2001$135.52 dollars in 2016
$500 dollars in 2001$677.60 dollars in 2016
$1,000 dollars in 2001$1,355.21 dollars in 2016
$5,000 dollars in 2001$6,776.03 dollars in 2016
$10,000 dollars in 2001$13,552.06 dollars in 2016
$50,000 dollars in 2001$67,760.30 dollars in 2016
$100,000 dollars in 2001$135,520.61 dollars in 2016
$500,000 dollars in 2001$677,603.05 dollars in 2016
$1,000,000 dollars in 2001$1,355,206.10 dollars in 2016

Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 2001 to 2016 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $100):

San Diego, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 15 years between 2001 and 2016 (3.54%).

Detroit, Michigan experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 15 years between 2001 and 2016 (1.63%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.


Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 2001 would be equivalent to £151.78 in 2016, an absolute change of £51.78 and a cumulative change of 51.78%.

In Canada, CA$100.00 in 2001 would be equivalent to CA$131.29 in 2016, an absolute change of CA$31.29 and a cumulative change of 31.29%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $35.52 and total percent change of 35.52%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

Between 2001 and 2016:

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 2001 and 2016.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.05% per year:

CategoryAvg Inflation (%)Total Inflation (%)$100 in 2001 → 2016
Food and beverages2.4042.68142.68
Housing2.1938.34138.34
Apparel-0.06-0.9699.04
Transportation1.5726.35126.35
Medical care3.6069.99169.99
Recreation0.7311.51111.51
Education and communication1.8832.21132.21
Other goods and services2.7349.69149.69

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 2001. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to calculate inflation rate for $100, 2001 to 2016

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 2001 and 2016:

CPI in 2016 CPI in 2001
×
2001 USD value
=
2016 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 177.1 in the year 2001 and 240.007 in 2016:

240.007177.1
×
$100
=
$135.52

$100 in 2001 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $135.52 in 2016.

To get the total inflation rate for the 15 years between 2001 and 2016, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2016 - CPI in 2001CPI in 2001
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (15 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

240.007 - 177.1177.1
×
100
=
36%

Alternate Measurements of Inflation

There are multiple ways to measure inflation. Published rates of inflation will vary depending on methodology. The Consumer Price Index, used above, is the most common standard used globally.

Alternative measurements are sometimes used based on context and economic/political circumstances. Below are a few examples of alternative measurements.

Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Inflation

The PCE Price Index is the U.S. Federal Reserve's preferred measure of inflation, compiled by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. It measures the change in prices of goods and services purchased by consumers.

The PCE Price Index changed by 1.80% per year on average between 2001 and 2016. The total PCE inflation between these dates was 30.75%. In 2001, PCE inflation was 2.00%.

This means that the PCE Index equates $100 in 2001 with $130.75 in 2016, a difference of $30.75. Compare this to the standard CPI measurement, which equates $100 with $135.52. The PCE measured -4.77% inflation compared to standard CPI.

For more information on the difference between PCE and CPI, see this analysis provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Core Inflation

Also of note is the Core CPI, which uses the standard CPI but omits the more volatile categories of food and energy.

Core inflation averaged 1.92% per year between 2001 and 2016 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.05%), for an inflation total of 33.03%. In 2001, core inflation was 2.67%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $100 in 2001 is equivalent in buying power to $133.03 in 2016, a difference of $33.03. Recall that the converted amount is $135.52 when all items including food and energy are measured.

Chained Inflation

Chained CPI is an alternative measurement that takes into account how consumers adjust spending for similar items. Chained inflation averaged 1.82% per year between 2001 and 2016, a total inflation amount of 31.00%.

According to the Chained CPI measurement, $100 in 2001 is equal in buying power to $131.00 in 2016, a difference of $31.00 (versus a converted amount of $135.52/change of $35.52 for All Items).

In 2001, chained inflation was 2.26%.


Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.05% has a compounding effect between 2001 and 2016. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 35.52% over 15 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $100 in the S&P 500 index in 2001, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $231.75 in 2016. This is a return on investment of 131.75%, with an absolute return of $131.75 on top of the original $100.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 26.21% of returns ($60.74) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $100 investment is $71.01. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $60 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 2001-2016
Original AmountFinal AmountChange
Nominal$100$231.75131.75%
Real
Inflation Adjusted
$100$171.0171.01%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 2001 to latest available data for 2016 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 2001 and 2016, see the stock market returns calculator.


Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1634 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “2001 dollars in 2016 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 3 Oct. 2022, https://www.officialdata.org/2001-dollars-in-2016.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 2001 to 2016
Cumulative price change35.52%
Average inflation rate2.05%
Converted amount ($100 base)$135.52
Price difference ($100 base)$35.52
CPI in 2001177.100
CPI in 2016240.007
Inflation in 20012.85%
Inflation in 20161.26%
$100 in 2001$135.52 in 2016