$100 in 1987 → $215.77 in 2017

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$100 in 1987 → $215.77 in 2017

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1987 to 2017

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2017 are 115.77% higher than average prices throughout 1987. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.60% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar decreased.

In other words, $100 in 1987 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $215.77 in 2017, a difference of $115.77 over 30 years.

The 1987 inflation rate was 3.65%. The inflation rate in 2017 was 2.13%. The 2017 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.46% per year between 2017 and 2019.


Inflation from 1987 to 2017
Cumulative price change 115.77%
Average inflation rate 2.60%
Converted amount ($100 base) $215.77
Price difference ($100 base) $115.77
CPI in 1987 113.600
CPI in 2017 245.120
Inflation in 1987 3.65%
Inflation in 2017 2.13%

USD Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
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Buying power of $100 in 1987

This chart shows calculation of buying power equivalence, often referred to as "the value of a dollar" over time for $100 in 1987 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1987 $100.00 3.65%
1988 $104.14 4.14%
1989 $109.15 4.82%
1990 $115.05 5.40%
1991 $119.89 4.21%
1992 $123.50 3.01%
1993 $127.20 2.99%
1994 $130.46 2.56%
1995 $134.15 2.83%
1996 $138.12 2.95%
1997 $141.29 2.29%
1998 $143.49 1.56%
1999 $146.65 2.21%
2000 $151.58 3.36%
2001 $155.90 2.85%
2002 $158.36 1.58%
2003 $161.97 2.28%
2004 $166.29 2.66%
2005 $171.92 3.39%
2006 $177.46 3.23%
2007 $182.52 2.85%
2008 $189.53 3.84%
2009 $188.85 -0.36%
2010 $191.95 1.64%
2011 $198.01 3.16%
2012 $202.11 2.07%
2013 $205.07 1.46%
2014 $208.39 1.62%
2015 $208.64 0.12%
2016 $211.27 1.26%
2017 $215.77 2.13%
2018 $221.04 2.44%
2019 $226.54 2.48%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 24 more rows

Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1987 to 2017 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $100):

San Diego, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 30 years between 1987 and 2017 (3.38%).

St Louis, Missouri experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 30 years between 1987 and 2017 (2.34%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.


Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1987 would be equivalent to £267.39 in 2017, an absolute change of £167.39 and a cumulative change of 167.39%.

In Canada, CA$100.00 in 1987 would be equivalent to CA$187.36 in 2017, an absolute change of CA$87.36 and a cumulative change of 87.36%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $115.77 and total percent change of 115.77%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1987 and 2017.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.60% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 1987 → 2017
Food 2.67 120.35 220.35
Shelter 3.04 145.62 245.62
Energy 2.83 131.09 231.09
Apparel 0.43 13.60 113.60
New vehicles 0.84 28.53 128.53
Used cars and trucks 0.67 22.24 122.24
Transportation services 3.16 154.24 254.24
Medical care services 4.64 289.99 389.99
Medical care commodities 3.59 187.92 287.92

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1987. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100, 1987 to 2017

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017CPI in 1987
×
1987 USD value
=
2017 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 113.6 in the year 1987 and 245.12 in 2017:

245.12113.6
×
$100
=
$215.77

$100 in 1987 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $215.77 in 2017.

To get the total inflation rate for the 30 years between 1987 and 2017, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2017 - CPI in 1987CPI in 1987
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (30 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

245.12 - 113.6113.6
×
100
=
116%

Alternate Measurements of Inflation

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the Core CPI, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged 2.56% per year between 1987 and 2017 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.60%), for an inflation total of 113.34%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $100 in 1987 is equivalent in buying power to $213.34 in 2017, a difference of $113.34. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $215.77 with a difference of $115.77.

In 1987, core inflation was 4.12%.


Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.60% has a compounding effect between 1987 and 2017. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 115.77% over 30 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $100 in the S&P 500 index in 1987, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $2,073.72 in 2017. This is a return on investment of 1,873.72%, with an absolute return of $1,973.72 on top of the original $100.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 53.66% of returns ($1,059.00) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $100 investment is $914.71. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $778 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1987-2017
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $100 $2,073.72 1,873.72%
Real
Inflation Adjusted
$100 $914.71 868.37%


News headlines from 1987

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • New Zealand becomes the only nation to legislate against nuclear power, when their Labour government legislates against nuclear weapons and nuclear powered vessels.
  • Margaret Thatcher becomes the first British PM in 160 years to win a third consecutive term in office.
  • The Dow Jones stock index falls by 508.32 points, the event is later known as Black Monday.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “1987 dollars in 2017 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 18 Nov. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/1987-dollars-in-2017.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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Inflation from 1987 to 2017
Cumulative price change 115.77%
Average inflation rate 2.60%
Converted amount ($100 base) $215.77
Price difference ($100 base) $115.77
CPI in 1987 113.600
CPI in 2017 245.120
Inflation in 1987 3.65%
Inflation in 2017 2.13%
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