# \$2,000 in 1860 is worth \$61,780.48 today

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## U.S. Inflation Rate Calculator from 1665 through 2020

This inflation calculator uses official data published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, today's prices in 2020 are 2,989.02% higher than average prices since 1860. The U.S. dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.17% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to decrease.

In other words, \$2,000 in 1860 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$61,780.48 in 2020, a difference of \$59,780.48 over 160 years.

The 1860 inflation rate was 0.00%. The current year-over-year inflation rate (2019 to 2020) is now 0.33%1. If this number holds, \$2,000 today will be equivalent in buying power to \$2,006.58 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.

 Cumulative price change 2,989.02% Average inflation rate 2.17% Converted amount (\$2,000 base) \$61,780.48 Price difference (\$2,000 base) \$59,780.48 CPI in 1860 8.300 CPI in 2020 256.389 Inflation in 1860 0.00% Inflation in 2020 0.33%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$2,000 in 1860

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$2,000 in 1860 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$2,000, you would need to end with \$61,780.48 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$2,000 is equivalent to \$61,780.48 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1860 dollars, the chart below shows how \$2,000 is worth less over 160 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1860-2020
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1860 \$2,000.00 -
1861 \$2,120.48 6.02%
1862 \$2,433.73 14.77%
1863 \$3,036.14 24.75%
1864 \$3,783.13 24.60%
1865 \$3,927.71 3.82%
1866 \$3,831.33 -2.45%
1867 \$3,566.27 -6.92%
1868 \$3,421.69 -4.05%
1869 \$3,277.11 -4.23%
1870 \$3,156.63 -3.68%
1871 \$2,939.76 -6.87%
1872 \$2,939.76 0.00%
1873 \$2,891.57 -1.64%
1874 \$2,746.99 -5.00%
1875 \$2,650.60 -3.51%
1876 \$2,578.31 -2.73%
1877 \$2,530.12 -1.87%
1878 \$2,409.64 -4.76%
1879 \$2,409.64 0.00%
1880 \$2,457.83 2.00%
1881 \$2,457.83 0.00%
1882 \$2,457.83 0.00%
1883 \$2,433.73 -0.98%
1884 \$2,361.45 -2.97%
1885 \$2,337.35 -1.02%
1886 \$2,265.06 -3.09%
1887 \$2,289.16 1.06%
1888 \$2,289.16 0.00%
1889 \$2,216.87 -3.16%
1890 \$2,192.77 -1.09%
1891 \$2,192.77 0.00%
1892 \$2,192.77 0.00%
1893 \$2,168.67 -1.10%
1894 \$2,072.29 -4.44%
1895 \$2,024.10 -2.33%
1896 \$2,024.10 0.00%
1897 \$2,000.00 -1.19%
1898 \$2,000.00 0.00%
1899 \$2,000.00 0.00%
1900 \$2,024.10 1.20%
1901 \$2,048.19 1.19%
1902 \$2,072.29 1.18%
1903 \$2,120.48 2.33%
1904 \$2,144.58 1.14%
1905 \$2,120.48 -1.12%
1906 \$2,168.67 2.27%
1907 \$2,265.06 4.44%
1908 \$2,216.87 -2.13%
1909 \$2,192.77 -1.09%
1910 \$2,289.16 4.40%
1911 \$2,289.16 0.00%
1912 \$2,337.35 2.11%
1913 \$2,385.54 2.06%
1914 \$2,409.64 1.01%
1915 \$2,433.73 1.00%
1916 \$2,626.51 7.92%
1917 \$3,084.34 17.43%
1918 \$3,638.55 17.97%
1919 \$4,168.67 14.57%
1920 \$4,819.28 15.61%
1921 \$4,313.25 -10.50%
1922 \$4,048.19 -6.15%
1923 \$4,120.48 1.79%
1924 \$4,120.48 0.00%
1925 \$4,216.87 2.34%
1926 \$4,265.06 1.14%
1927 \$4,192.77 -1.69%
1928 \$4,120.48 -1.72%
1929 \$4,120.48 0.00%
1930 \$4,024.10 -2.34%
1931 \$3,662.65 -8.98%
1932 \$3,301.20 -9.87%
1933 \$3,132.53 -5.11%
1934 \$3,228.92 3.08%
1935 \$3,301.20 2.24%
1936 \$3,349.40 1.46%
1937 \$3,469.88 3.60%
1938 \$3,397.59 -2.08%
1939 \$3,349.40 -1.42%
1940 \$3,373.49 0.72%
1941 \$3,542.17 5.00%
1942 \$3,927.71 10.88%
1943 \$4,168.67 6.13%
1944 \$4,240.96 1.73%
1945 \$4,337.35 2.27%
1946 \$4,698.80 8.33%
1947 \$5,373.49 14.36%
1948 \$5,807.23 8.07%
1949 \$5,734.94 -1.24%
1950 \$5,807.23 1.26%
1951 \$6,265.06 7.88%
1952 \$6,385.54 1.92%
1953 \$6,433.73 0.75%
1954 \$6,481.93 0.75%
1955 \$6,457.83 -0.37%
1956 \$6,554.22 1.49%
1957 \$6,771.08 3.31%
1958 \$6,963.86 2.85%
1959 \$7,012.05 0.69%
1960 \$7,132.53 1.72%
1961 \$7,204.82 1.01%
1962 \$7,277.11 1.00%
1963 \$7,373.49 1.32%
1964 \$7,469.88 1.31%
1965 \$7,590.36 1.61%
1966 \$7,807.23 2.86%
1967 \$8,048.19 3.09%
1968 \$8,385.54 4.19%
1969 \$8,843.37 5.46%
1970 \$9,349.40 5.72%
1971 \$9,759.04 4.38%
1972 \$10,072.29 3.21%
1973 \$10,698.80 6.22%
1974 \$11,879.52 11.04%
1975 \$12,963.86 9.13%
1976 \$13,710.84 5.76%
1977 \$14,602.41 6.50%
1978 \$15,710.84 7.59%
1979 \$17,493.98 11.35%
1980 \$19,855.42 13.50%
1981 \$21,903.61 10.32%
1982 \$23,253.01 6.16%
1983 \$24,000.00 3.21%
1984 \$25,036.14 4.32%
1985 \$25,927.71 3.56%
1986 \$26,409.64 1.86%
1987 \$27,373.49 3.65%
1988 \$28,506.02 4.14%
1989 \$29,879.52 4.82%
1990 \$31,493.98 5.40%
1991 \$32,819.28 4.21%
1992 \$33,807.23 3.01%
1993 \$34,819.28 2.99%
1994 \$35,710.84 2.56%
1995 \$36,722.89 2.83%
1996 \$37,807.23 2.95%
1997 \$38,674.70 2.29%
1998 \$39,277.11 1.56%
1999 \$40,144.58 2.21%
2000 \$41,493.98 3.36%
2001 \$42,674.70 2.85%
2002 \$43,349.40 1.58%
2003 \$44,337.35 2.28%
2004 \$45,518.07 2.66%
2005 \$47,060.24 3.39%
2006 \$48,578.31 3.23%
2007 \$49,961.93 2.85%
2008 \$51,880.24 3.84%
2009 \$51,695.66 -0.36%
2010 \$52,543.61 1.64%
2011 \$54,202.17 3.16%
2012 \$55,323.86 2.07%
2013 \$56,134.22 1.46%
2014 \$57,044.82 1.62%
2015 \$57,112.53 0.12%
2016 \$57,833.01 1.26%
2017 \$59,065.06 2.13%
2018 \$60,537.35 2.49%
2019 \$61,604.22 1.76%
2020 \$61,780.48 0.29%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 154 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1860 amounts in today's dollars, based on the 2,989.02% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar today
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1860 \$30.89 dollars today
\$5 dollars in 1860 \$154.45 dollars today
\$10 dollars in 1860 \$308.90 dollars today
\$50 dollars in 1860 \$1,544.51 dollars today
\$100 dollars in 1860 \$3,089.02 dollars today
\$500 dollars in 1860 \$15,445.12 dollars today
\$1,000 dollars in 1860 \$30,890.24 dollars today
\$5,000 dollars in 1860 \$154,451.20 dollars today
\$10,000 dollars in 1860 \$308,902.41 dollars today
\$50,000 dollars in 1860 \$1,544,512.05 dollars today
\$100,000 dollars in 1860 \$3,089,024.10 dollars today
\$500,000 dollars in 1860 \$15,445,120.48 dollars today
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1860 \$30,890,240.96 dollars today

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £2,000.00 in 1860 would be equivalent to £244,783.52 in 2020, an absolute change of £242,783.52 and a cumulative change of 12,139.18%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$59,780.48 and total percent change of 2,989.02%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1860 and 2020.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.17% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$2,000 in 1860 → 2020
Food and beverages 3.87 43,708.23 876,164.67
Housing 4.18 70,293.18 1,407,863.67
Apparel 1.98 2,216.47 46,329.48
Transportation 3.18 14,902.38 300,047.52
Medical care 5.11 288,756.76 5,777,135.19
Recreation 1.09 470.12 11,402.34
Education and communication 1.82 1,697.02 35,940.37
Other goods and services 4.98 237,385.82 4,749,716.41

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1860. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$2,000 since 1860

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1860 and today:

CPI today CPI in 1860
×
1860 USD value
=
Today's value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.3 in the year 1860 and 256.389 in 2020:

256.3898.3
×
\$2,000
=
\$61,780.48

\$2,000 in 1860 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$61,780.48 in 2020.

To get the total inflation rate for the 160 years between 1860 and 2020, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2020 - CPI in 1860CPI in 1860
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (160 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

256.389 - 8.38.3
×
100
=
2,989%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th President of the U.S.
• Slavery ends in the Dutch East Indies.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$2,000 in 1860 → 2020 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 25 May. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/1860-dollars-in-2017?amount=2000.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

 Cumulative price change 2,989.02% Average inflation rate 2.17% Converted amount (\$2,000 base) \$61,780.48 Price difference (\$2,000 base) \$59,780.48 CPI in 1860 8.300 CPI in 2020 256.389 Inflation in 1860 0.00% Inflation in 2020 0.33%