U.S. Inflation By Year

The U.S. inflation rate is based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Price Index (CPI). This page contains a history of the yearly inflation since the inception of the CPI in 1913. If you'd like to convert prices from one year to another year or compare purchasing power, you should use our inflation calculator.

The current annual inflation rate is 1.76%. The current inflation rate is determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics roughly every month, although its report is delayed as they collect the necessary information in order to determine inflation.


Inflation Chart, 1914-2019

Values went from 1.32 in 1914 to 1.76 in 2019.

This graph displays annual inflation values. Values for the current year are not yet accurate. For monthly inflation values, have a look at 12-month trailing inflation rate.

U.S. Inflation By Year

Inflation Table, 1914-2019 (Yearly)

This table displays the annual U.S. inflation rate by year.

Year Inflation Change Year-over-year (%)
2019 1.76 -0.68 -27.76
2018 2.44 0.31 14.67
2017 2.13 0.87 68.85
2016 1.26 1.14 963.43
2015 0.12 -1.50 -92.69
2014 1.62 0.16 10.74
2013 1.46 -0.60 -29.21
2012 2.07 -1.09 -34.45
2011 3.16 1.52 92.48
2010 1.64 2 -561.26
2009 -0.36 -4.19 -109.26
2008 3.84 0.99 34.60
2007 2.85 -0.37 -11.58
2006 3.23 -0.17 -4.91
2005 3.39 0.72 26.76
2004 2.68 0.41 17.85
2003 2.27 0.69 43.21
2002 1.59 -1.24 -43.92
2001 2.83 -0.55 -16.23
2000 3.38 1.19 54.17
1999 2.19 0.64 41.02
1998 1.55 -0.78 -33.49
1997 2.33 -0.60 -20.41
1996 2.93 0.13 4.46
1995 2.81 0.20 7.83
1994 2.60 -0.35 -11.88
1993 2.95 -0.07 -2.40
1992 3.03 -1.21 -28.48
1991 4.23 -1.17 -21.59
1990 5.40 0.57 11.85
1989 4.83 0.74 18.23
1988 4.08 0.42 11.43
1987 3.66 1.77 93.32
1986 1.90 -1.65 -46.57
1985 3.55 -0.75 -17.55
1984 4.30 1.09 33.91
1983 3.21 -2.92 -47.63
1982 6.13 -4.20 -40.64
1981 10.33 -3.21 -23.71
1980 13.55 2.28 20.28
1979 11.26 3.63 47.64
1978 7.63 1.13 17.32
1977 6.50 0.76 13.15
1976 5.75 -3.40 -37.15
1975 9.14 -1.91 -17.29
1974 11.05 4.87 78.83
1973 6.18 2.91 89.17
1972 3.27 -1.03 -24
1971 4.30 -1.53 -26.24
1970 5.83 0.37 6.72
1969 5.46 1.20 28.05
1968 4.27 1.47 52.51
1967 2.80 -0.21 -6.86
1966 3 1.42 89.18
1965 1.59 0.31 23.90
1964 1.28 0.03 2.80
1963 1.25 0.06 5.28
1962 1.18 0.12 11.01
1961 1.07 -0.41 -27.85
1960 1.48 0.49 49.87
1959 0.99 -1.75 -63.99
1958 2.74 -0.60 -17.99
1957 3.34 1.82 119.30
1956 1.52 1.81 -631.52
1955 -0.29 -0.63 -183.05
1954 0.34 -0.47 -57.49
1953 0.81 -1.44 -63.97
1952 2.25 -5.61 -71.36
1951 7.86 6.76 615.67
1950 1.10 2.09 -210.78
1949 -0.99 -8.71 -112.85
1948 7.72 -6.67 -46.35
1947 14.39 5.92 69.96
1946 8.47 6.19 272.30
1945 2.27 0.63 38.27
1944 1.64 -4.34 -72.51
1943 5.98 -4.94 -45.22
1942 10.92 5.81 113.81
1941 5.11 4.39 610.28
1940 0.72 2.03 -154.89
1939 -1.31 0.72 -35.53
1938 -2.03 -5.75 -154.68
1937 3.72 2.65 248.92
1936 1.07 -1.46 -57.88
1935 2.53 -0.92 -26.67
1934 3.45 8.63 -166.49
1933 -5.19 5.08 -49.49
1932 -10.27 -1.33 14.91
1931 -8.94 -6.29 237.75
1930 -2.65 -2.65 NaN
1929 0 1.20 -100
1928 -1.20 0.72 -37.44
1927 -1.91 -2.83 -307.61
1926 0.92 -1.50 -62.03
1925 2.43 2.02 497.57
1924 0.41 -1.38 -77.33
1923 1.79 7.95 -129.06
1922 -6.16 4.74 -43.49
1921 -10.90 -26.53 -169.78
1920 15.62 0.44 2.89
1919 15.18 -2.15 -12.42
1918 17.34 -0.47 -2.65
1917 17.81 10.12 131.70
1916 7.69 6.76 733.98
1915 0.92 -0.40 -30.33
1914 1.32 0 0

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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