£1 in 1855 is worth £0.89 in 1860

Value of £1 from 1855 to 1860

According to the Office for National Statistics composite price index, prices in 1860 are 11.43% lower than average prices since 1855. The British pound experienced an average deflation rate of -2.40% per year during this period, causing the real value of a pound to increase.

In other words, £1 in 1855 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.89 in 1860, a difference of £-0.11 over 5 years.

The 1855 inflation rate was 2.94%. The inflation rate in 1860 was 3.33%. The 1860 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 3.05% per year between 1860 and 2020.


Inflation from 1855 to 1860
Cumulative price change -11.43%
Average inflation rate -2.40%
Converted amount (£1 base) £0.89
Price difference (£1 base) £-0.11
CPI in 1855 10.500
CPI in 1860 9.300
Inflation in 1855 2.94%
Inflation in 1860 3.33%

GBP Inflation since 1750
Annual Rate, the Office for National Statistics CPI
Download

Buying power of £1 in 1855

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for £1 in 1855 (price index tracking began in 1750).

For example, if you started with £1, you would need to end with £0.89 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

According to the Office for National Statistics, each of these GBP amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Pound inflation: 1855-1860
Year Pound Value Inflation Rate
1855 £1.00 2.94%
1856 £1.00 0.00%
1857 £0.95 -4.76%
1858 £0.87 -9.00%
1859 £0.86 -1.10%
1860 £0.89 3.33%
1861 £0.90 2.15%
1862 £0.89 -2.11%
1863 £0.86 -3.23%
1864 £0.85 -1.11%
1865 £0.86 1.12%
1866 £0.90 5.56%
1867 £0.96 6.32%
1868 £0.95 -0.99%
1869 £0.90 -5.00%
1870 £0.90 0.00%
1871 £0.91 1.05%
1872 £0.95 4.17%
1873 £0.99 4.00%
1874 £0.95 -3.85%
1875 £0.93 -2.00%
1876 £0.93 0.00%
1877 £0.92 -1.02%
1878 £0.90 -2.06%
1879 £0.87 -4.21%
1880 £0.90 3.30%
1881 £0.89 -1.06%
1882 £0.90 1.08%
1883 £0.89 -1.06%
1884 £0.87 -2.15%
1885 £0.84 -3.30%
1886 £0.83 -1.14%
1887 £0.82 -1.15%
1888 £0.83 1.16%
1889 £0.84 1.15%
1890 £0.84 0.00%
1891 £0.85 1.14%
1892 £0.85 0.00%
1893 £0.84 -1.12%
1894 £0.83 -1.14%
1895 £0.82 -1.15%
1896 £0.81 -1.16%
1897 £0.83 2.35%
1898 £0.83 0.00%
1899 £0.84 1.15%
1900 £0.88 4.55%
1901 £0.88 0.00%
1902 £0.88 0.00%
1903 £0.89 1.09%
1904 £0.89 0.00%
1905 £0.89 0.00%
1906 £0.89 0.00%
1907 £0.90 1.08%
1908 £0.90 0.00%
1909 £0.90 1.06%
1910 £0.91 1.05%
1911 £0.91 0.00%
1912 £0.94 3.13%
1913 £0.93 -1.01%
1914 £0.93 0.00%
1915 £1.05 12.24%
1916 £1.24 18.18%
1917 £1.55 25.38%
1918 £1.90 22.09%
1919 £2.09 10.05%
1920 £2.41 15.53%
1921 £2.20 -8.70%
1922 £1.90 -13.85%
1923 £1.78 -6.03%
1924 £1.77 -0.53%
1925 £1.77 0.00%
1926 £1.76 -0.54%
1927 £1.71 -2.70%
1928 £1.71 0.00%
1929 £1.70 -1.11%
1930 £1.65 -2.81%
1931 £1.58 -4.05%
1932 £1.54 -2.41%
1933 £1.50 -2.47%
1934 £1.50 0.00%
1935 £1.51 0.63%
1936 £1.52 0.63%
1937 £1.58 3.75%
1938 £1.60 1.20%
1939 £1.65 2.98%
1940 £1.92 16.76%
1941 £2.13 10.89%
1942 £2.29 7.14%
1943 £2.36 3.33%
1944 £2.43 2.82%
1945 £2.50 2.75%
1946 £2.57 3.05%
1947 £2.75 7.04%
1948 £2.96 7.61%
1949 £3.05 2.89%
1950 £3.14 3.13%
1951 £3.43 9.09%
1952 £3.74 9.17%
1953 £3.86 3.05%
1954 £3.93 1.98%
1955 £4.10 4.36%
1956 £4.31 5.10%
1957 £4.47 3.53%
1958 £4.61 3.20%
1959 £4.63 0.41%
1960 £4.68 1.03%
1961 £4.84 3.46%
1962 £5.05 4.33%
1963 £5.14 1.89%
1964 £5.31 3.33%
1965 £5.56 4.66%
1966 £5.78 3.94%
1967 £5.93 2.64%
1968 £6.21 4.65%
1969 £6.54 5.37%
1970 £6.96 6.40%
1971 £7.62 9.44%
1972 £8.16 7.13%
1973 £8.90 9.10%
1974 £10.33 16.04%
1975 £12.84 24.24%
1976 £14.96 16.54%
1977 £17.33 15.85%
1978 £18.77 8.30%
1979 £21.29 13.39%
1980 £25.11 17.99%
1981 £28.10 11.87%
1982 £30.51 8.61%
1983 £31.91 4.59%
1984 £33.50 4.98%
1985 £35.54 6.08%
1986 £36.75 3.40%
1987 £38.29 4.17%
1988 £40.16 4.90%
1989 £43.29 7.78%
1990 £47.38 9.46%
1991 £50.16 5.87%
1992 £52.04 3.74%
1993 £52.87 1.59%
1994 £54.14 2.41%
1995 £56.02 3.47%
1996 £57.37 2.41%
1997 £59.17 3.14%
1998 £61.20 3.43%
1999 £62.14 1.54%
2000 £63.98 2.96%
2001 £65.11 1.77%
2002 £66.20 1.67%
2003 £68.11 2.89%
2004 £70.14 2.98%
2005 £72.12 2.82%
2006 £74.43 3.20%
2007 £77.62 4.29%
2008 £80.71 3.99%
2009 £80.29 -0.53%
2010 £83.99 4.61%
2011 £88.36 5.20%
2012 £91.20 3.21%
2013 £93.97 3.04%
2014 £96.19 2.36%
2015 £97.14 0.99%
2016 £98.83 1.74%
2017 £102.37 3.58%
2018 £104.91 2.48%
2019 £106.80 1.80%
2020 £108.40 1.50%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1855 amounts in 1860 pounds, based on the -11.43% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a pound in 1860
Initial value Equivalent value
£1 pound in 1855 £0.89 pounds in 1860
£5 pounds in 1855 £4.43 pounds in 1860
£10 pounds in 1855 £8.86 pounds in 1860
£50 pounds in 1855 £44.29 pounds in 1860
£100 pounds in 1855 £88.57 pounds in 1860
£500 pounds in 1855 £442.86 pounds in 1860
£1,000 pounds in 1855 £885.71 pounds in 1860
£5,000 pounds in 1855 £4,428.57 pounds in 1860
£10,000 pounds in 1855 £8,857.14 pounds in 1860
£50,000 pounds in 1855 £44,285.71 pounds in 1860
£100,000 pounds in 1855 £88,571.43 pounds in 1860
£500,000 pounds in 1855 £442,857.14 pounds in 1860
£1,000,000 pounds in 1855 £885,714.29 pounds in 1860

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1855 to 1860

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1855 and 1860:

CPI in 1860 CPI in 1855
×
1855 GBP value
=
1860 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.K. CPI was 10.5 in the year 1855 and 9.3 in 1860:

9.310.5
×
£1
=
£0.89

£1 in 1855 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.89 in 1860.

To get the total inflation rate for the 5 years between 1855 and 1860, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1860 - CPI in 1855CPI in 1855
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (5 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.3 - 10.510.5
×
100
=
-11%

News headlines from 1855

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • David Livingstone visits the Victoria Falls, becoming the first European to see it.
  • Henry John Temple, Third Viscount Palmerston, forms a British government.
  • A train passes a railway suspension bridge at the Niagara Falls, US for the first time.
  • Kerosene is patented by Abraham Gesner.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “£1 in 1855 → 1860 | UK Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 27 Oct. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/uk/inflation/1855?amount=1&endYear=1860.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

Email · LinkedIn · Twitter


» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1855 to 1860
Cumulative price change -11.43%
Average inflation rate -2.40%
Converted amount (£1 base) £0.89
Price difference (£1 base) £-0.11
CPI in 1855 10.500
CPI in 1860 9.300
Inflation in 1855 2.94%
Inflation in 1860 3.33%