£100 in 1853 is worth £14,121.97 today

The British pound has lost 99.292% of its value since 1853

Updated: July 13, 2022

£100 in 1853 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £14,121.97 today, an increase of £14,021.97 over 169 years. The pound had an average inflation rate of 2.97% per year between 1853 and today, producing a cumulative price increase of 14,021.97%.

This means that today's prices are 141.22 times higher than average prices since 1853, according to the Office for National Statistics composite price index. A pound today only buys 0.708% of what it could buy back then.

The inflation rate in 1853 was 9.88%. The current inflation rate compared to last year is now 6.46%. If this number holds, £100 today will be equivalent in buying power to £106.46 next year.


Inflation from 1853 to 2022
Cumulative price change14,021.97%
Average inflation rate2.97%
Converted amount (£100 base)£14,121.97
Price difference (£100 base)£14,021.97
CPI in 18538.900
CPI in 20221,256.855
Inflation in 18539.88%
Inflation in 20226.46%
£100 in 1853£14,121.97 in 2022

GBP inflation since 1853
Annual Rate, the Office for National Statistics CPI
Download

Buying power of £100 in 1853

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for £100 in 1853 (price index tracking began in 1750).

For example, if you started with £100, you would need to end with £14,121.97 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When £100 is equivalent to £14,121.97 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.K. pound decreases over time. In other words, a pound will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a pound over time. By calculating the value in 1853 dollars, the chart below shows how £100 is worth less over 169 years.

According to the Office for National Statistics, each of these GBP amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Pound inflation: 1853-2022
YearPound ValueInflation Rate
1853£100.009.88%
1854£114.6114.61%
1855£117.982.94%
1856£117.980.00%
1857£112.36-4.76%
1858£102.25-9.00%
1859£101.12-1.10%
1860£104.493.33%
1861£106.742.15%
1862£104.49-2.11%
1863£101.12-3.23%
1864£100.00-1.11%
1865£101.121.12%
1866£106.745.56%
1867£113.486.32%
1868£112.36-0.99%
1869£106.74-5.00%
1870£106.740.00%
1871£107.871.05%
1872£112.364.17%
1873£116.854.00%
1874£112.36-3.85%
1875£110.11-2.00%
1876£110.110.00%
1877£108.99-1.02%
1878£106.74-2.06%
1879£102.25-4.21%
1880£105.623.30%
1881£104.49-1.06%
1882£105.621.08%
1883£104.49-1.06%
1884£102.25-2.15%
1885£98.88-3.30%
1886£97.75-1.14%
1887£96.63-1.15%
1888£97.751.16%
1889£98.881.15%
1890£98.880.00%
1891£100.001.14%
1892£100.000.00%
1893£98.88-1.12%
1894£97.75-1.14%
1895£96.63-1.15%
1896£95.51-1.16%
1897£97.752.35%
1898£97.750.00%
1899£98.881.15%
1900£103.374.55%
1901£103.370.00%
1902£103.370.00%
1903£104.491.09%
1904£104.490.00%
1905£104.490.00%
1906£104.490.00%
1907£105.621.08%
1908£105.620.00%
1909£106.741.06%
1910£107.871.05%
1911£107.870.00%
1912£111.243.13%
1913£110.11-1.01%
1914£110.110.00%
1915£123.6012.24%
1916£146.0718.18%
1917£183.1525.38%
1918£223.6022.09%
1919£246.0710.05%
1920£284.2715.53%
1921£259.55-8.70%
1922£223.60-13.85%
1923£210.11-6.03%
1924£208.99-0.53%
1925£208.990.00%
1926£207.87-0.54%
1927£202.25-2.70%
1928£202.250.00%
1929£200.00-1.11%
1930£194.38-2.81%
1931£186.52-4.05%
1932£182.02-2.41%
1933£177.53-2.47%
1934£177.530.00%
1935£178.650.63%
1936£179.780.63%
1937£186.523.75%
1938£188.761.20%
1939£194.382.98%
1940£226.9716.76%
1941£251.6910.89%
1942£269.667.14%
1943£278.653.33%
1944£286.522.82%
1945£294.382.75%
1946£303.373.05%
1947£324.727.04%
1948£349.447.61%
1949£359.552.89%
1950£370.793.13%
1951£404.499.09%
1952£441.579.17%
1953£455.063.05%
1954£464.041.98%
1955£484.274.36%
1956£508.995.10%
1957£526.973.53%
1958£543.823.20%
1959£546.070.41%
1960£551.691.03%
1961£570.793.46%
1962£595.514.33%
1963£606.741.89%
1964£626.973.33%
1965£656.184.66%
1966£682.023.94%
1967£700.002.64%
1968£732.584.65%
1969£771.915.37%
1970£821.356.40%
1971£898.889.44%
1972£962.927.13%
1973£1,050.569.10%
1974£1,219.1016.04%
1975£1,514.6124.24%
1976£1,765.1716.54%
1977£2,044.9415.85%
1978£2,214.618.30%
1979£2,511.2413.39%
1980£2,962.9217.99%
1981£3,314.6111.87%
1982£3,600.008.61%
1983£3,765.174.59%
1984£3,952.814.98%
1985£4,193.266.08%
1986£4,335.963.40%
1987£4,516.854.17%
1988£4,738.204.90%
1989£5,106.747.78%
1990£5,589.899.46%
1991£5,917.985.87%
1992£6,139.333.74%
1993£6,237.081.59%
1994£6,387.642.41%
1995£6,608.993.47%
1996£6,768.542.41%
1997£6,980.903.14%
1998£7,220.223.43%
1999£7,331.461.54%
2000£7,548.312.96%
2001£7,682.021.77%
2002£7,810.111.67%
2003£8,035.962.89%
2004£8,275.282.98%
2005£8,508.992.82%
2006£8,780.903.20%
2007£9,157.304.29%
2008£9,522.473.99%
2009£9,471.91-0.53%
2010£9,908.994.61%
2011£10,424.725.20%
2012£10,759.553.21%
2013£11,086.523.04%
2014£11,348.312.36%
2015£11,460.670.99%
2016£11,659.551.74%
2017£12,077.533.58%
2018£12,403.622.70%
2019£12,713.712.50%
2020£12,942.561.80%
2021£13,265.042.49%
2022£14,121.976.46%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 163 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1853 amounts in today's pounds, based on the 14,021.97% change in prices:

Conversion: 1853 pounds today
Initial valueEquivalent value
£1 pound in 1853£141.22 pounds today
£5 pounds in 1853£706.10 pounds today
£10 pounds in 1853£1,412.20 pounds today
£50 pounds in 1853£7,060.98 pounds today
£100 pounds in 1853£14,121.97 pounds today
£500 pounds in 1853£70,609.83 pounds today
£1,000 pounds in 1853£141,219.66 pounds today
£5,000 pounds in 1853£706,098.30 pounds today
£10,000 pounds in 1853£1,412,196.60 pounds today
£50,000 pounds in 1853£7,060,983.00 pounds today
£100,000 pounds in 1853£14,121,966.01 pounds today
£500,000 pounds in 1853£70,609,830.05 pounds today
£1,000,000 pounds in 1853£141,219,660.10 pounds today

How to calculate inflation rate for £100 since 1853

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1853 and today:

CPI today CPI in 1853
×
1853 GBP value
=
Today's value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.K. CPI was 8.9 in the year 1853 and 1256.854974878 in 2022:

1256.8549748788.9
×
£100
=
£14,121.97

£100 in 1853 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £14,121.97 in 2022.

To get the total inflation rate for the 169 years between 1853 and 2022, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2022 - CPI in 1853CPI in 1853
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (169 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

1256.854974878 - 8.98.9
×
100
=
14,022%

Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Value of 1853 British pounds today | UK Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 7 Aug. 2022, https://www.officialdata.org/uk/inflation/1853.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1853 to 2022
Cumulative price change14,021.97%
Average inflation rate2.97%
Converted amount (£100 base)£14,121.97
Price difference (£100 base)£14,021.97
CPI in 18538.900
CPI in 20221,256.855
Inflation in 18539.88%
Inflation in 20226.46%
£100 in 1853£14,121.97 in 2022