# £400 in 1851 is worth £56,209.55 today

£

## Value of £400 from 1851 to 2020

£400 in 1851 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £56,209.55 today, an increase of £55,809.55 over 169 years. The pound had an average inflation rate of 2.97% per year between 1851 and today, producing a cumulative price increase of 13,952.39%.

This means that today's prices are 140.52 times higher than average prices since 1851, according to the Office for National Statistics composite price index. A pound today only buys 0.71% of what it could buy back then.

The 1851 inflation rate was -3.57%. The current year-over-year inflation rate (2019 to 2020) is now 1.50%1. If this number holds, £400 today will be equivalent in buying power to £406.00 next year.

 Cumulative price change 13,952.39% Average inflation rate 2.97% Converted amount (£400 base) £56,209.55 Price difference (£400 base) £55,809.55 CPI in 1851 8.100 CPI in 2020 1,138.243 Inflation in 1851 -3.57% Inflation in 2020 1.50% £400 in 1851 £56,209.55 in 2020

GBP Inflation since 1750
Annual Rate, the Office for National Statistics CPI

## Buying power of £400 in 1851

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for £400 in 1851 (price index tracking began in 1750).

For example, if you started with £400, you would need to end with £56,209.55 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When £400 is equivalent to £56,209.55 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.K. pound decreases over time. In other words, a pound will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a pound over time. By calculating the value in 1851 dollars, the chart below shows how £400 is worth less over 169 years.

According to the Office for National Statistics, each of these GBP amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Pound inflation: 1851-2020
Year Pound Value Inflation Rate
1851 £400.00 -3.57%
1852 £400.00 0.00%
1853 £439.51 9.88%
1854 £503.70 14.61%
1855 £518.52 2.94%
1856 £518.52 0.00%
1857 £493.83 -4.76%
1858 £449.38 -9.00%
1859 £444.44 -1.10%
1860 £459.26 3.33%
1861 £469.14 2.15%
1862 £459.26 -2.11%
1863 £444.44 -3.23%
1864 £439.51 -1.11%
1865 £444.44 1.12%
1866 £469.14 5.56%
1867 £498.77 6.32%
1868 £493.83 -0.99%
1869 £469.14 -5.00%
1870 £469.14 0.00%
1871 £474.07 1.05%
1872 £493.83 4.17%
1873 £513.58 4.00%
1874 £493.83 -3.85%
1875 £483.95 -2.00%
1876 £483.95 0.00%
1877 £479.01 -1.02%
1878 £469.14 -2.06%
1879 £449.38 -4.21%
1880 £464.20 3.30%
1881 £459.26 -1.06%
1882 £464.20 1.08%
1883 £459.26 -1.06%
1884 £449.38 -2.15%
1885 £434.57 -3.30%
1886 £429.63 -1.14%
1887 £424.69 -1.15%
1888 £429.63 1.16%
1889 £434.57 1.15%
1890 £434.57 0.00%
1891 £439.51 1.14%
1892 £439.51 0.00%
1893 £434.57 -1.12%
1894 £429.63 -1.14%
1895 £424.69 -1.15%
1896 £419.75 -1.16%
1897 £429.63 2.35%
1898 £429.63 0.00%
1899 £434.57 1.15%
1900 £454.32 4.55%
1901 £454.32 0.00%
1902 £454.32 0.00%
1903 £459.26 1.09%
1904 £459.26 0.00%
1905 £459.26 0.00%
1906 £459.26 0.00%
1907 £464.20 1.08%
1908 £464.20 0.00%
1909 £469.14 1.06%
1910 £474.07 1.05%
1911 £474.07 0.00%
1912 £488.89 3.13%
1913 £483.95 -1.01%
1914 £483.95 0.00%
1915 £543.21 12.24%
1916 £641.98 18.18%
1917 £804.94 25.38%
1918 £982.72 22.09%
1919 £1,081.48 10.05%
1920 £1,249.38 15.53%
1921 £1,140.74 -8.70%
1922 £982.72 -13.85%
1923 £923.46 -6.03%
1924 £918.52 -0.53%
1925 £918.52 0.00%
1926 £913.58 -0.54%
1927 £888.89 -2.70%
1928 £888.89 0.00%
1929 £879.01 -1.11%
1930 £854.32 -2.81%
1931 £819.75 -4.05%
1932 £800.00 -2.41%
1933 £780.25 -2.47%
1934 £780.25 0.00%
1935 £785.19 0.63%
1936 £790.12 0.63%
1937 £819.75 3.75%
1938 £829.63 1.20%
1939 £854.32 2.98%
1940 £997.53 16.76%
1941 £1,106.17 10.89%
1942 £1,185.19 7.14%
1943 £1,224.69 3.33%
1944 £1,259.26 2.82%
1945 £1,293.83 2.75%
1946 £1,333.33 3.05%
1947 £1,427.16 7.04%
1948 £1,535.80 7.61%
1949 £1,580.25 2.89%
1950 £1,629.63 3.13%
1951 £1,777.78 9.09%
1952 £1,940.74 9.17%
1953 £2,000.00 3.05%
1954 £2,039.51 1.98%
1955 £2,128.40 4.36%
1956 £2,237.04 5.10%
1957 £2,316.05 3.53%
1958 £2,390.12 3.20%
1959 £2,400.00 0.41%
1960 £2,424.69 1.03%
1961 £2,508.64 3.46%
1962 £2,617.28 4.33%
1963 £2,666.67 1.89%
1964 £2,755.56 3.33%
1965 £2,883.95 4.66%
1966 £2,997.53 3.94%
1967 £3,076.54 2.64%
1968 £3,219.75 4.65%
1969 £3,392.59 5.37%
1970 £3,609.88 6.40%
1971 £3,950.62 9.44%
1972 £4,232.10 7.13%
1973 £4,617.28 9.10%
1974 £5,358.02 16.04%
1975 £6,656.79 24.24%
1976 £7,758.02 16.54%
1977 £8,987.65 15.85%
1978 £9,733.33 8.30%
1979 £11,037.04 13.39%
1980 £13,022.22 17.99%
1981 £14,567.90 11.87%
1982 £15,822.22 8.61%
1983 £16,548.15 4.59%
1984 £17,372.84 4.98%
1985 £18,429.63 6.08%
1986 £19,056.79 3.40%
1987 £19,851.85 4.17%
1988 £20,824.69 4.90%
1989 £22,444.44 7.78%
1990 £24,567.90 9.46%
1991 £26,009.88 5.87%
1992 £26,982.72 3.74%
1993 £27,412.35 1.59%
1994 £28,074.07 2.41%
1995 £29,046.91 3.47%
1996 £29,748.15 2.41%
1997 £30,681.48 3.14%
1998 £31,733.33 3.43%
1999 £32,222.22 1.54%
2000 £33,175.31 2.96%
2001 £33,762.96 1.77%
2002 £34,325.93 1.67%
2003 £35,318.52 2.89%
2004 £36,370.37 2.98%
2005 £37,397.53 2.82%
2006 £38,592.59 3.20%
2007 £40,246.91 4.29%
2008 £41,851.85 3.99%
2009 £41,629.63 -0.53%
2010 £43,550.62 4.61%
2011 £45,817.28 5.20%
2012 £47,288.89 3.21%
2013 £48,725.93 3.04%
2014 £49,876.54 2.36%
2015 £50,370.37 0.99%
2016 £51,244.44 1.74%
2017 £53,081.48 3.58%
2018 £54,399.67 2.48%
2019 £55,378.87 1.80%
2020 £56,209.55 1.50%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 163 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1851 amounts in today's pounds, based on the 13,952.39% change in prices:

Conversion: 1851 pounds today
Initial value Equivalent value
£1 pound in 1851 £140.52 pounds today
£5 pounds in 1851 £702.62 pounds today
£10 pounds in 1851 £1,405.24 pounds today
£50 pounds in 1851 £7,026.19 pounds today
£100 pounds in 1851 £14,052.39 pounds today
£500 pounds in 1851 £70,261.94 pounds today
£1,000 pounds in 1851 £140,523.87 pounds today
£5,000 pounds in 1851 £702,619.36 pounds today
£10,000 pounds in 1851 £1,405,238.72 pounds today
£50,000 pounds in 1851 £7,026,193.58 pounds today
£100,000 pounds in 1851 £14,052,387.17 pounds today
£500,000 pounds in 1851 £70,261,935.85 pounds today
£1,000,000 pounds in 1851 £140,523,871.70 pounds today

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £400 since 1851

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1851 and today:

CPI today CPI in 1851
×
1851 GBP value
=
Today's value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.K. CPI was 8.1 in the year 1851 and 1138.2433607545 in 2020:

1138.24336075458.1
×
£400
=
£56,209.55

£400 in 1851 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £56,209.55 in 2020.

To get the total inflation rate for the 169 years between 1851 and 2020, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2020 - CPI in 1851CPI in 1851
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (169 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

1138.2433607545 - 8.18.1
×
100
=
13,952%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Sojourner Truth addresses the first Black Women's Rights Convention.
• The sewing machine is patented by the American inventor Isaac Singer.
• California's Yosemite Valley is discovered.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “£400 in 1851 → 2020 | UK Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 17 Mar. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/uk/inflation/1851?amount=400.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.