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# U.K. inflation rate in 1879: -4.21%

### Inflation in 1879 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power increased by 4.21% in 1879 compared to 1878. On average, you would have to spend 4.21% less money in 1879 than in 1878 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, £1 in 1878 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.96 in 1879.

The 1878 inflation rate was -2.06%. The inflation rate in 1879 was -4.21%. The 1879 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.48% per year between 1879 and 2020.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1879 was 9.10. It was 9.50 in the previous year, 1878. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1879 CPI is less than 1878 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

 Average inflation rate -4.21% Converted amount (£1 base) £0.96 Price difference (£1 base) £-0.04 CPI in 1878 9.500 CPI in 1879 9.100 Inflation in 1878 -2.06% Inflation in 1879 -4.21%

GBP Inflation since 1750
Annual Rate, the Office for National Statistics CPI

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1878 to 1879

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1879CPI in 1878
×
1878 GBP value
=
1879 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.K. CPI was 9.5 in the year 1878 and 9.1 in 1879:

9.19.5
×
£1
=
£0.96

£1 in 1878 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.96 in 1879.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1878 and 1879, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1879 - CPI in 1878CPI in 1878
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.1 - 9.59.5
×
100
=
-4%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Berlin Congress begins with goal to determine the territories of the states in the Balkans after the Russo-Turkish war.
• King Leopold II's agent secretly meets Henry Morton Stanley.
• Thomas Edison patents the gramophone.

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1879 | UK Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 28 Jan. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1879.