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# U.K. inflation rate in 1859: -1.10%

### Inflation in 1859 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power increased by 1.10% in 1859 compared to 1858. On average, you would have to spend 1.10% less money in 1859 than in 1858 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, £1 in 1858 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.99 in 1859.

The 1858 inflation rate was -9.00%. The inflation rate in 1859 was -1.10%. The 1859 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.05% per year between 1859 and 2020.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1859 was 9.00. It was 9.10 in the previous year, 1858. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1859 CPI is less than 1858 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

 Average inflation rate -1.10% Converted amount (£1 base) £0.99 Price difference (£1 base) £-0.01 CPI in 1858 9.100 CPI in 1859 9.000 Inflation in 1858 -9.00% Inflation in 1859 -1.10%

GBP Inflation since 1750
Annual Rate, the Office for National Statistics CPI

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1858 to 1859

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1859CPI in 1858
×
1858 GBP value
=
1859 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.K. CPI was 9.1 in the year 1858 and 9 in 1859:

99.1
×
£1
=
£0.99

£1 in 1858 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.99 in 1859.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1858 and 1859, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1859 - CPI in 1858CPI in 1858
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9 - 9.19.1
×
100
=
-1%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Fourteen-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes had her first vision of the Virgin Mary.
• Recasting begins of "Big Ben" in the Tower of Westminster. Big ben weighs over 13 tons.
• Abraham Lincoln accepts the Republican Party's nomination for Senate, saying: "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
• Transfer of the Government of India to the British Crown.

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1859 | UK Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 25 Jan. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1859.