£1 in 1848 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.94 in 1849. The pound had an average **deflation** rate of -6.32% per year since 1848, producing a cumulative price change of -6.32%. Purchasing power *increased* by 6.32% in 1849 compared to 1848. On average, you would have to spend 6.32% *less* money in 1849 than in 1848 for the same item. This is an example of **deflation**.

This means that prices in 1849 are 6.32% lower than average prices since 1848, according to the Office for National Statistics composite price index.

The inflation rate in 1848 was -12.84%. The inflation rate in 1849 was -6.32%. The 1849 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.94% per year between 1849 and 2024.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1849 was 8.90. It was 9.50 in the previous year, 1848. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1849 CPI is less than 1848 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

⌃

Average inflation rate | -6.32% |

Converted amount £1 base | £0.94 |

Price difference £1 base | £-0.06 |

CPI in 1848 | 9.500 |

CPI in 1849 | 8.900 |

Inflation in 1848 | -12.84% |

Inflation in 1849 | -6.32% |

£1 in 1848 | £0.94 in 1849 |

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1848 and 1849:

CPI in 1849 CPI in 1848

×

1848 GBP value

=

1849 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.K. CPI was 9.5 in the year 1848 and 8.9 in 1849:

8.99.5

×

£1

=

£1 in 1848 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.94 in 1849.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1848 and 1849, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1849 - CPI in 1848CPI in 1848

×

100

=

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

8.9 - 9.59.5

×

100

=

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for the current year, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1849 | UK Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 26 May. 2024, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1849.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Average inflation rate | -6.32% |

Converted amount £1 base | £0.94 |

Price difference £1 base | £-0.06 |

CPI in 1848 | 9.500 |

CPI in 1849 | 8.900 |

Inflation in 1848 | -12.84% |

Inflation in 1849 | -6.32% |

£1 in 1848 | £0.94 in 1849 |