According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, prices for olives, pickles, relishes were 46.38% higher in 2021 versus 1998 (a $9.28 difference in value).

**Between 1998 and 2021:** Olives, pickles, relishes experienced an average inflation rate of 1.67% per year.
In other words, olives, pickles, relishes costing $20 in the year 1998 would cost $29.28 in 2021 for an equivalent purchase.
Compared to the overall inflation rate of 2.19% during this same period, inflation for olives, pickles, relishes was
lower.

**In the year 1998:** Pricing changed by 2.03%, which is
above the average yearly
change for olives, pickles, relishes during the 1998-2021 time period.
Compared to inflation for all items in 1998 (1.55%), inflation for olives, pickles, relishes was
higher.

Raw Consumer Price Index data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for *Olives, pickles, relishes*:

Year |
1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 |

CPI |
100.000 | 102.031 | 101.731 | 102.377 | 109.592 | 109.938 | 107.915 | 106.223 | 108.238 | 113.054 | 120.837 | 127.089 | 134.606 | 132.257 | 135.431 | 136.958 | 134.243 | 133.801 | 136.873 | 137.841 | 136.061 | 138.332 | 141.689 | 147.931 | 149.355 |

Below are calculations of equivalent buying power for Olives, pickles, relishes, over time, for $20 beginning in 1998. Each of the amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year | USD Value | Inflation Rate |
---|---|---|

1998 | $20.00 | 2.03% |

1999 | $19.94 | -0.29% |

2000 | $20.07 | 0.64% |

2001 | $21.48 | 7.05% |

2002 | $21.55 | 0.32% |

2003 | $21.15 | -1.84% |

2004 | $20.82 | -1.57% |

2005 | $21.22 | 1.90% |

2006 | $22.16 | 4.45% |

2007 | $23.69 | 6.88% |

2008 | $24.91 | 5.17% |

2009 | $26.39 | 5.91% |

2010 | $25.92 | -1.75% |

2011 | $26.55 | 2.40% |

2012 | $26.85 | 1.13% |

2013 | $26.31 | -1.98% |

2014 | $26.23 | -0.33% |

2015 | $26.83 | 2.30% |

2016 | $27.02 | 0.71% |

2017 | $26.67 | -1.29% |

2018 | $27.12 | 1.67% |

2019 | $27.77 | 2.43% |

2020 | $29.00 | 4.40% |

2021 | $29.28 | 0.96%* |

CPI in 2021 / CPI in 1998 * 1998 USD value = 2021 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values from above. The CPI for Olives, pickles, relishes was 102.031 in the year 1998 and 149.355 in 2021:

149.355 / 102.031 * $20 =

Therefore, according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, $20 in 1998 has the same "purchasing power" as $29.28 in 2021 (in the CPI category of Olives, pickles, relishes).