Durables priced at $20 in 1988 $18.98 in 2020

Durables Inflation Calculator

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Prices for Durables, 1988-2020 ($20)

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, prices for durables were 5.08% lower in 2020 versus 1988 (a $1.02 difference in value).

Between 1988 and 2020: Durables experienced an average inflation rate of -0.16% per year. In other words, durables costing $20 in the year 1988 would cost $18.98 in 2020 for an equivalent purchase. Compared to the overall inflation rate of 2.47% during this same period, inflation for durables was lower.

In the year 1988: Pricing changed by 2.01%, which is above the average yearly change for durables during the 1988-2020 time period. Compared to inflation for all items in 1988 (4.08%), inflation for durables was lower.

Price Inflation for Durables since 1935

Consumer Price Index, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Years with the largest changes in pricing: 1942 (12.81%), 1975 (11.41%), and 1980 (10.09%).

Raw Consumer Price Index data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for Durables:

Year 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
CPI 17.800 18.083 19.320 19.500 19.120 18.980 20.460 23.080 23.880 26.200 28.040 29.360 31.840 34.160 34.440 35.000 37.660 38.000 37.700 36.740 36.020 36.085 37.246 37.808 38.354 38.138 38.138 38.515 38.615 38.946 38.800 38.838 39.446 40.638 42.208 44.077 45.931 46.915 48.069 51.500 57.377 60.877 64.377 68.577 75.369 82.977 89.600 95.085 99.800 105.100 106.762 106.577 108.192 110.369 112.154 113.415 116.000 118.577 121.269 124.792 127.992 129.362 128.723 127.562 125.969 125.377 124.615 121.415 117.492 114.769 115.254 114.469 112.473 110.877 109.859 111.324 112.557 112.790 111.889 110.349 109.116 107.279 105.283 104.420 104.781 104.759

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Buying power of $20 since 1988

Below are calculations of equivalent buying power for Durables, over time, for $20 beginning in 1988. Each of the amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1988 $20.00 2.01%
1989 $20.32 1.62%
1990 $20.55 1.12%
1991 $21.02 2.28%
1992 $21.49 2.22%
1993 $21.98 2.27%
1994 $22.61 2.91%
1995 $23.19 2.56%
1996 $23.44 1.07%
1997 $23.33 -0.49%
1998 $23.12 -0.90%
1999 $22.83 -1.25%
2000 $22.72 -0.47%
2001 $22.58 -0.61%
2002 $22.00 -2.57%
2003 $21.29 -3.23%
2004 $20.80 -2.32%
2005 $20.89 0.42%
2006 $20.74 -0.68%
2007 $20.38 -1.74%
2008 $20.09 -1.42%
2009 $19.91 -0.92%
2010 $20.17 1.33%
2011 $20.40 1.11%
2012 $20.44 0.21%
2013 $20.28 -0.80%
2014 $20.00 -1.38%
2015 $19.77 -1.12%
2016 $19.44 -1.68%
2017 $19.08 -1.86%
2018 $18.92 -0.82%
2019 $18.99 0.35%
2020 $18.98 -0.02%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

How to calculate the inflation rate for durables, 1988-2020

Start with the inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2020 / CPI in 1988 * 1988 USD value = 2020 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values from above. The CPI for Durables was 110.369 in the year 1988 and 104.759 in 2020:

104.759 / 110.369 * $20 = $18.98

Therefore, according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, $20 in 1988 has the same "purchasing power" as $18.98 in 2020 (in the CPI category of Durables).


Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics began tracking the Consumer Price Index for Durables in 1935. In addition to durables, the index produces monthly data on changes in prices paid by urban consumers for a variety of goods and services.

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