# \$100 in 2005 is worth \$149.85 in 2022

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## Value of \$100 from 2005 to 2022

\$100 in 2005 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$149.85 in 2022, an increase of \$49.85 over 17 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 2.41% per year between 2005 and 2022, producing a cumulative price increase of 49.85%.

This means that prices in 2022 are 1.50 times as high as average prices since 2005, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 2005 was 3.39%. The inflation rate in 2022 was 8.00%. The 2022 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 4.91% per year between 2022 and 2023.

 Cumulative price change 49.85% Average inflation rate 2.41% Converted amount\$100 base \$149.85 Price difference\$100 base \$49.85 CPI in 2005 195.300 CPI in 2022 292.656 Inflation in 2005 3.39% Inflation in 2022 8.00% \$100 in 2005 \$149.85 in 2022

USD inflation since 2005
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$100 in 2005

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$100 in 2005 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$100, you would need to end with \$149.85 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$100 is equivalent to \$149.85 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 2005 dollars, the chart below shows how \$100 is worth less over 17 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 2005-2022
YearDollar ValueInflation Rate
2005\$100.003.39%
2006\$103.233.23%
2007\$106.172.85%
2008\$110.243.84%
2009\$109.85-0.36%
2010\$111.651.64%
2011\$115.183.16%
2012\$117.562.07%
2013\$119.281.46%
2014\$121.221.62%
2015\$121.360.12%
2016\$122.891.26%
2017\$125.512.13%
2018\$128.642.49%
2019\$130.911.76%
2020\$132.521.23%
2021\$138.754.70%
2022\$149.858.00%
2023\$157.214.91%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 11 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 2005 amounts in 2022 dollars, based on the 49.85% change in prices:

Conversion: 2005 dollars in 2022
Initial valueEquivalent value
\$1 dollar in 2005\$1.50 dollars in 2022
\$5 dollars in 2005\$7.49 dollars in 2022
\$10 dollars in 2005\$14.98 dollars in 2022
\$50 dollars in 2005\$74.92 dollars in 2022
\$100 dollars in 2005\$149.85 dollars in 2022
\$500 dollars in 2005\$749.25 dollars in 2022
\$1,000 dollars in 2005\$1,498.49 dollars in 2022
\$5,000 dollars in 2005\$7,492.47 dollars in 2022
\$10,000 dollars in 2005\$14,984.94 dollars in 2022
\$50,000 dollars in 2005\$74,924.69 dollars in 2022
\$100,000 dollars in 2005\$149,849.38 dollars in 2022
\$500,000 dollars in 2005\$749,246.89 dollars in 2022
\$1,000,000 dollars in 2005\$1,498,493.77 dollars in 2022

## Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 2005 to 2022 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of \$100):

San Diego, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 17 years between 2005 and 2022 (3.26%).

Detroit, Michigan experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 17 years between 2005 and 2022 (2.02%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 2005 would be equivalent to £172.58 in 2022, an absolute change of £72.58 and a cumulative change of 72.58%.

In Canada, CA\$100.00 in 2005 would be equivalent to CA\$141.91 in 2022, an absolute change of CA\$41.91 and a cumulative change of 41.91%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$49.85 and total percent change of 49.85%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

Between 2005 and 2022:

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 2005 and 2022.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.41% per year:

CategoryAvg Inflation (%)Total Inflation (%)\$100 in 2005 → 2022
Food and beverages2.7558.67158.67
Housing2.5653.69153.69
Apparel0.366.31106.31
Transportation2.5453.14153.14
Medical care3.1469.09169.09
Recreation1.0619.65119.65
Education and communication1.3926.49126.49
Other goods and services2.8661.61161.61

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 2005. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to calculate inflation rate for \$100, 2005 to 2022

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 2005 and 2022:

CPI in 2022 CPI in 2005
×
2005 USD value
=
2022 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 195.3 in the year 2005 and 292.65583333333 in 2022:

292.65583333333195.3
×
\$100
=
\$149.85

\$100 in 2005 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$149.85 in 2022.

To get the total inflation rate for the 17 years between 2005 and 2022, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2022 - CPI in 2005CPI in 2005
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (17 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

292.65583333333 - 195.3195.3
×
100
=
50%

## Alternate Measurements of Inflation

There are multiple ways to measure inflation. Published rates of inflation will vary depending on methodology. The Consumer Price Index, used above, is the most common standard used globally.

Alternative measurements are sometimes used based on context and economic/political circumstances. Below are a few examples of alternative measurements.

### Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Inflation

The PCE Price Index is the U.S. Federal Reserve's preferred measure of inflation, compiled by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. It measures the change in prices of goods and services purchased by consumers.

The PCE Price Index changed by 2.06% per year on average between 2005 and 2022. The total PCE inflation between these dates was 41.42%. In 2005, PCE inflation was 2.88%.

This means that the PCE Index equates \$100 in 2005 with \$141.42 in 2022, a difference of \$41.42. Compare this to the standard CPI measurement, which equates \$100 with \$149.85. The PCE measured -8.43% inflation compared to standard CPI.

For more information on the difference between PCE and CPI, see this analysis provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

### Core Inflation

Also of note is the Core CPI, which uses the standard CPI but omits the more volatile categories of food and energy.

Core inflation averaged 2.27% per year between 2005 and 2022 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.41%), for an inflation total of 46.50%. In 2005, core inflation was 2.17%.

When using the core inflation measurement, \$100 in 2005 is equivalent in buying power to \$146.50 in 2022, a difference of \$46.50. Recall that the converted amount is \$149.85 when all items including food and energy are measured.

### Chained Inflation

Chained CPI is an alternative measurement that takes into account how consumers adjust spending for similar items. Chained inflation averaged 2.16% per year between 2005 and 2022, a total inflation amount of 43.90%.

According to the Chained CPI measurement, \$100 in 2005 is equal in buying power to \$143.90 in 2022, a difference of \$43.90 (versus a converted amount of \$149.85/change of \$49.85 for All Items).

In 2005, chained inflation was 2.92%.

## Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.41% has a compounding effect between 2005 and 2022. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 49.85% over 17 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested \$100 in the S&P 500 index in 2005, our investment would be nominally worth approximately \$475.37 in 2022. This is a return on investment of 375.37%, with an absolute return of \$375.37 on top of the original \$100.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 33.27% of returns (\$158.14) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our \$100 investment is \$217.23. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around \$185 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 2005-2022
Original AmountFinal AmountChange
Nominal\$100\$475.37375.37%
Real
\$100\$317.23217.23%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 2005 to latest available data for 2022 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 2005 and 2022, see the stock market returns calculator.

## Data source & citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Price index data from 1774 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University and from the American Antiquarian Society. Price index data from 1634 to 1773 is from the American Antiquarian Society, using British pound equivalents.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$100 in 2005 → 2022 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 4 Oct. 2023, https://www.officialdata.org/2005-dollars-in-2022?amount=100.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.