# \$4 in 1863 is worth \$76.19 in 2016

\$
👉 You may be interested in \$4 in 1863 → 2020

## Value of \$4 from 1863 to 2016

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2016 are 1,804.82% higher than average prices since 1863. The U.S. dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.94% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to decrease.

In other words, \$4 in 1863 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$76.19 in 2016, a difference of \$72.19 over 153 years.

The 1863 inflation rate was 24.75%. The inflation rate in 2016 was 1.26%. The 2016 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 1.66% per year between 2016 and 2020.

 Cumulative price change 1,804.82% Average inflation rate 1.94% Converted amount (\$4 base) \$76.19 Price difference (\$4 base) \$72.19 CPI in 1863 12.600 CPI in 2016 240.007 Inflation in 1863 24.75% Inflation in 2016 1.26%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$4 in 1863

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$4 in 1863 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$4, you would need to end with \$76.19 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$4 is equivalent to \$76.19 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1863 dollars, the chart below shows how \$4 is worth less over 153 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1863-2016
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1863 \$4.00 24.75%
1864 \$4.98 24.60%
1865 \$5.17 3.82%
1866 \$5.05 -2.45%
1867 \$4.70 -6.92%
1868 \$4.51 -4.05%
1869 \$4.32 -4.23%
1870 \$4.16 -3.68%
1871 \$3.87 -6.87%
1872 \$3.87 0.00%
1873 \$3.81 -1.64%
1874 \$3.62 -5.00%
1875 \$3.49 -3.51%
1876 \$3.40 -2.73%
1877 \$3.33 -1.87%
1878 \$3.17 -4.76%
1879 \$3.17 0.00%
1880 \$3.24 2.00%
1881 \$3.24 0.00%
1882 \$3.24 0.00%
1883 \$3.21 -0.98%
1884 \$3.11 -2.97%
1885 \$3.08 -1.02%
1886 \$2.98 -3.09%
1887 \$3.02 1.06%
1888 \$3.02 0.00%
1889 \$2.92 -3.16%
1890 \$2.89 -1.09%
1891 \$2.89 0.00%
1892 \$2.89 0.00%
1893 \$2.86 -1.10%
1894 \$2.73 -4.44%
1895 \$2.67 -2.33%
1896 \$2.67 0.00%
1897 \$2.63 -1.19%
1898 \$2.63 0.00%
1899 \$2.63 0.00%
1900 \$2.67 1.20%
1901 \$2.70 1.19%
1902 \$2.73 1.18%
1903 \$2.79 2.33%
1904 \$2.83 1.14%
1905 \$2.79 -1.12%
1906 \$2.86 2.27%
1907 \$2.98 4.44%
1908 \$2.92 -2.13%
1909 \$2.89 -1.09%
1910 \$3.02 4.40%
1911 \$3.02 0.00%
1912 \$3.08 2.11%
1913 \$3.14 2.06%
1914 \$3.17 1.01%
1915 \$3.21 1.00%
1916 \$3.46 7.92%
1917 \$4.06 17.43%
1918 \$4.79 17.97%
1919 \$5.49 14.57%
1920 \$6.35 15.61%
1921 \$5.68 -10.50%
1922 \$5.33 -6.15%
1923 \$5.43 1.79%
1924 \$5.43 0.00%
1925 \$5.56 2.34%
1926 \$5.62 1.14%
1927 \$5.52 -1.69%
1928 \$5.43 -1.72%
1929 \$5.43 0.00%
1930 \$5.30 -2.34%
1931 \$4.83 -8.98%
1932 \$4.35 -9.87%
1933 \$4.13 -5.11%
1934 \$4.25 3.08%
1935 \$4.35 2.24%
1936 \$4.41 1.46%
1937 \$4.57 3.60%
1938 \$4.48 -2.08%
1939 \$4.41 -1.42%
1940 \$4.44 0.72%
1941 \$4.67 5.00%
1942 \$5.17 10.88%
1943 \$5.49 6.13%
1944 \$5.59 1.73%
1945 \$5.71 2.27%
1946 \$6.19 8.33%
1947 \$7.08 14.36%
1948 \$7.65 8.07%
1949 \$7.56 -1.24%
1950 \$7.65 1.26%
1951 \$8.25 7.88%
1952 \$8.41 1.92%
1953 \$8.48 0.75%
1954 \$8.54 0.75%
1955 \$8.51 -0.37%
1956 \$8.63 1.49%
1957 \$8.92 3.31%
1958 \$9.17 2.85%
1959 \$9.24 0.69%
1960 \$9.40 1.72%
1961 \$9.49 1.01%
1962 \$9.59 1.00%
1963 \$9.71 1.32%
1964 \$9.84 1.31%
1965 \$10.00 1.61%
1966 \$10.29 2.86%
1967 \$10.60 3.09%
1968 \$11.05 4.19%
1969 \$11.65 5.46%
1970 \$12.32 5.72%
1971 \$12.86 4.38%
1972 \$13.27 3.21%
1973 \$14.10 6.22%
1974 \$15.65 11.04%
1975 \$17.08 9.13%
1976 \$18.06 5.76%
1977 \$19.24 6.50%
1978 \$20.70 7.59%
1979 \$23.05 11.35%
1980 \$26.16 13.50%
1981 \$28.86 10.32%
1982 \$30.63 6.16%
1983 \$31.62 3.21%
1984 \$32.98 4.32%
1985 \$34.16 3.56%
1986 \$34.79 1.86%
1987 \$36.06 3.65%
1988 \$37.56 4.14%
1989 \$39.37 4.82%
1990 \$41.49 5.40%
1991 \$43.24 4.21%
1992 \$44.54 3.01%
1993 \$45.87 2.99%
1994 \$47.05 2.56%
1995 \$48.38 2.83%
1996 \$49.81 2.95%
1997 \$50.95 2.29%
1998 \$51.75 1.56%
1999 \$52.89 2.21%
2000 \$54.67 3.36%
2001 \$56.22 2.85%
2002 \$57.11 1.58%
2003 \$58.41 2.28%
2004 \$59.97 2.66%
2005 \$62.00 3.39%
2006 \$64.00 3.23%
2007 \$65.82 2.85%
2008 \$68.35 3.84%
2009 \$68.11 -0.36%
2010 \$69.22 1.64%
2011 \$71.41 3.16%
2012 \$72.89 2.07%
2013 \$73.95 1.46%
2014 \$75.15 1.62%
2015 \$75.24 0.12%
2016 \$76.19 1.26%
2017 \$77.82 2.13%
2018 \$79.76 2.49%
2019 \$81.16 1.76%
2020 \$81.39 0.29%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 147 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1863 amounts in 2016 dollars, based on the 1,804.82% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar in 2016
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1863 \$19.05 dollars in 2016
\$5 dollars in 1863 \$95.24 dollars in 2016
\$10 dollars in 1863 \$190.48 dollars in 2016
\$50 dollars in 1863 \$952.41 dollars in 2016
\$100 dollars in 1863 \$1,904.82 dollars in 2016
\$500 dollars in 1863 \$9,524.09 dollars in 2016
\$1,000 dollars in 1863 \$19,048.17 dollars in 2016
\$5,000 dollars in 1863 \$95,240.87 dollars in 2016
\$10,000 dollars in 1863 \$190,481.75 dollars in 2016
\$50,000 dollars in 1863 \$952,408.73 dollars in 2016
\$100,000 dollars in 1863 \$1,904,817.46 dollars in 2016
\$500,000 dollars in 1863 \$9,524,087.30 dollars in 2016
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1863 \$19,048,174.60 dollars in 2016

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £4.00 in 1863 would be equivalent to £461.20 in 2016, an absolute change of £457.20 and a cumulative change of 11,430.00%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$72.19 and total percent change of 1,804.82%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1863 and 2016.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.94% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$4 in 1863 → 2016
Food and beverages 4.07 44,949.69 1,801.99
Housing 4.31 63,992.10 2,563.68
Apparel 2.09 2,285.09 95.40
Transportation 3.29 13,980.84 563.23
Medical care 5.25 252,655.17 10,110.21
Recreation 1.11 437.87 21.51
Education and communication 2.14 2,437.31 101.49
Other goods and services 5.21 238,128.14 9,529.13

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1863. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$4, 1863 to 2016

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1863 and 2016:

CPI in 2016 CPI in 1863
×
1863 USD value
=
2016 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.6 in the year 1863 and 240.007 in 2016:

240.00712.6
×
\$4
=
\$76.19

\$4 in 1863 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$76.19 in 2016.

To get the total inflation rate for the 153 years between 1863 and 2016, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2016 - CPI in 1863CPI in 1863
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (153 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

240.007 - 12.612.6
×
100
=
1,805%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Slavery ends in the Unites States, after President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, setting all slaves free.
• Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden and makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during the short time he spent there
• The Union wins a major victory in the Battle of Gettysburg, the largest of the Civil War.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$4 in 1863 → 2016 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 30 May. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/1863-dollars-in-2016?amount=4.