$1,000,000 in 1974 → $5,204,016.23 in 2019

Inflation Calculator

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$1,000,000 in 1974 → $5,204,016.23 in 2019

U.S. Inflation Rate, $1,000,000 in 1974 to 2019

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, today's prices in 2019 are 420.40% higher than average prices throughout 1974. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 3.73% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar decreased.

In other words, $1,000,000 in 1974 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $5,204,016.23 in 2019, a difference of $4,204,016.23 over 45 years.

The 1974 inflation rate was 11.04%. The current inflation rate (2018 to 2019) is now 1.75%1. If this number holds, $1,000,000 today will be equivalent in buying power to $1,017,497.80 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.


Inflation from 1974 to 2019
Cumulative price change 420.40%
Average inflation rate 3.73%
Converted amount ($1,000,000 base) $5,204,016.23
Price difference ($1,000,000 base) $4,204,016.23
CPI in 1974 49.300
CPI in 2019 256.558
Inflation in 1974 11.04%
Inflation in 2019 1.75%

USD Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
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Buying power of $1,000,000 in 1974

This chart shows calculation of buying power equivalence, often referred to as "the value of a dollar" over time for $1,000,000 in 1974 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1974 $1,000,000.00 11.04%
1975 $1,091,277.89 9.13%
1976 $1,154,158.22 5.76%
1977 $1,229,208.92 6.50%
1978 $1,322,515.21 7.59%
1979 $1,472,616.63 11.35%
1980 $1,671,399.59 13.50%
1981 $1,843,813.39 10.32%
1982 $1,957,403.65 6.16%
1983 $2,020,283.98 3.21%
1984 $2,107,505.07 4.32%
1985 $2,182,555.78 3.56%
1986 $2,223,123.73 1.86%
1987 $2,304,259.63 3.65%
1988 $2,399,594.32 4.14%
1989 $2,515,212.98 4.82%
1990 $2,651,115.62 5.40%
1991 $2,762,677.48 4.21%
1992 $2,845,841.78 3.01%
1993 $2,931,034.48 2.99%
1994 $3,006,085.19 2.56%
1995 $3,091,277.89 2.83%
1996 $3,182,555.78 2.95%
1997 $3,255,578.09 2.29%
1998 $3,306,288.03 1.56%
1999 $3,379,310.34 2.21%
2000 $3,492,900.61 3.36%
2001 $3,592,292.09 2.85%
2002 $3,649,087.22 1.58%
2003 $3,732,251.52 2.28%
2004 $3,831,643.00 2.66%
2005 $3,961,460.45 3.39%
2006 $4,089,249.49 3.23%
2007 $4,205,720.08 2.85%
2008 $4,367,200.81 3.84%
2009 $4,351,663.29 -0.36%
2010 $4,423,042.60 1.64%
2011 $4,562,657.20 3.16%
2012 $4,657,079.11 2.07%
2013 $4,725,294.12 1.46%
2014 $4,801,947.26 1.62%
2015 $4,807,647.06 0.12%
2016 $4,868,296.15 1.26%
2017 $4,972,008.11 2.13%
2018 $5,093,444.90 2.44%
2019 $5,204,016.23 2.17%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 39 more rows

Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1974 to 2019 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $1,000,000):

  • San Francisco, California: 4.18% average rate, $1,000,000 → $6,307,199.14, cumulative change of 530.72%
  • Seattle, Washington: 4.07% average rate, $1,000,000 → $6,025,514.15, cumulative change of 502.55%
  • Boston, Massachusetts: 3.87% average rate, $1,000,000 → $5,521,618.58, cumulative change of 452.16%
  • New York: 3.72% average rate, $1,000,000 → $5,183,096.50, cumulative change of 418.31%
  • Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas: 3.71% average rate, $1,000,000 → $5,149,021.60, cumulative change of 414.90%
  • Houston, Texas: 3.65% average rate, $1,000,000 → $5,013,013.17, cumulative change of 401.30%
  • Atlanta, Georgia: 3.62% average rate, $1,000,000 → $4,961,582.41, cumulative change of 396.16%
  • Chicago, Illinois: 3.60% average rate, $1,000,000 → $4,919,363.28, cumulative change of 391.94%
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 3.58% average rate, $1,000,000 → $4,871,986.18, cumulative change of 387.20%
  • Detroit, Michigan: 3.48% average rate, $1,000,000 → $4,665,129.65, cumulative change of 366.51%

San Francisco, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 45 years between 1974 and 2019 (4.18%).

Detroit, Michigan experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 45 years between 1974 and 2019 (3.48%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.


Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1,000,000.00 in 1974 would be equivalent to £10,335,686.92 in 2019, an absolute change of £9,335,686.92 and a cumulative change of 933.57%.

In Canada, CA$1,000,000.00 in 1974 would be equivalent to CA$4,833,333.33 in 2019, an absolute change of CA$3,833,333.33 and a cumulative change of 383.33%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $4,204,016.23 and total percent change of 420.40%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1974 and 2019.

Compare these values to the overall average of 3.73% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1,000,000 in 1974 → 2019
Food 3.49 367.64 4,676,391.66
Shelter 4.46 612.79 7,127,923.31
Energy 3.92 464.13 5,641,284.78
Apparel 1.30 78.84 1,788,400.18
New vehicles 1.04 59.40 1,594,032.01
Used cars and trucks 0.62 32.22 1,322,212.13
Transportation services 4.42 600.91 7,009,065.92
Medical care services 5.84 1,184.06 12,840,581.43
Medical care commodities 4.65 673.32 7,733,177.21

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1974. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1,000,000 since 1974

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2019CPI in 1974
×
1974 USD value
=
2019 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 49.3 in the year 1974 and 256.558 in 2019:

256.55849.3
×
$1,000,000
=
$5,204,016.23

$1,000,000 in 1974 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $5,204,016.23 in 2019.

To get the total inflation rate for the 45 years between 1974 and 2019, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2019 - CPI in 1974CPI in 1974
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (45 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

256.558 - 49.349.3
×
100
=
420%

Alternate Measurements of Inflation

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the Core CPI, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged 3.78% per year between 1974 and 2019 (vs all-CPI inflation of 3.73%), for an inflation total of 431.68%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $1,000,000 in 1974 is equivalent in buying power to $5,316,792.28 in 2019, a difference of $4,316,792.28. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $5,204,016.23 with a difference of $4,204,016.23.

In 1974, core inflation was 8.25%.


Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 3.73% has a compounding effect between 1974 and 2019. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 420.40% over 45 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1,000,000 in the S&P 500 index in 1974, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $109,493,991.01 in 2019. This is a return on investment of 10,849.40%, with an absolute return of $108,493,991.01.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 80.78% of returns ($87,645,864.05) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $1,000,000 investment is $20,848,126.96.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1974-2019
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $1,000,000 $109,493,991.01 10,849.40%
Real
Inflation Adjusted
$1,000,000 $20,848,126.96 2,084.81%


News headlines from 1974

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Ayatollah Khomeini, appeals for an Islamic republic of Iran.
  • The 1,000th victim of the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries is taken.
  • President Richard Nixon announces his resignation.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$1,000,000 in 1974 → 2019 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 21 Sep. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1974?amount=1000000.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1974 to 2019
Cumulative price change 420.40%
Average inflation rate 3.73%
Converted amount ($1,000,000 base) $5,204,016.23
Price difference ($1,000,000 base) $4,204,016.23
CPI in 1974 49.300
CPI in 2019 256.558
Inflation in 1974 11.04%
Inflation in 2019 1.75%
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