$5,000 in 1869 → $94,396.69 in 2019

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$5,000 in 1869 → $94,396.69 in 2019

U.S. Inflation Rate, $5,000 in 1869 to 2019

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, today's prices in 2019 are 1,787.93% higher than average prices throughout 1869. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.98% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar decreased.

In other words, $5,000 in 1869 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $94,396.69 in 2019, a difference of $89,396.69 over 150 years.

The 1869 inflation rate was -4.23%. The current inflation rate (2018 to 2019) is now 1.71%1. If this number holds, $5,000 today will be equivalent in buying power to $5,085.57 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.


Inflation from 1869 to 2019
Cumulative price change 1,787.93%
Average inflation rate 1.98%
Converted amount ($5,000 base) $94,396.69
Price difference ($5,000 base) $89,396.69
CPI in 1869 13.600
CPI in 2019 256.759
Inflation in 1869 -4.23%
Inflation in 2019 1.71%

U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $5,000 in 1869

This chart shows calculation of buying power equivalence, often referred to as "the value of a dollar" over time for $5,000 in 1869 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1869 $5,000.00 -4.23%
1870 $4,816.18 -3.68%
1871 $4,485.29 -6.87%
1872 $4,485.29 0.00%
1873 $4,411.76 -1.64%
1874 $4,191.18 -5.00%
1875 $4,044.12 -3.51%
1876 $3,933.82 -2.73%
1877 $3,860.29 -1.87%
1878 $3,676.47 -4.76%
1879 $3,676.47 0.00%
1880 $3,750.00 2.00%
1881 $3,750.00 0.00%
1882 $3,750.00 0.00%
1883 $3,713.24 -0.98%
1884 $3,602.94 -2.97%
1885 $3,566.18 -1.02%
1886 $3,455.88 -3.09%
1887 $3,492.65 1.06%
1888 $3,492.65 0.00%
1889 $3,382.35 -3.16%
1890 $3,345.59 -1.09%
1891 $3,345.59 0.00%
1892 $3,345.59 0.00%
1893 $3,308.82 -1.10%
1894 $3,161.76 -4.44%
1895 $3,088.24 -2.33%
1896 $3,088.24 0.00%
1897 $3,051.47 -1.19%
1898 $3,051.47 0.00%
1899 $3,051.47 0.00%
1900 $3,088.24 1.20%
1901 $3,125.00 1.19%
1902 $3,161.76 1.18%
1903 $3,235.29 2.33%
1904 $3,272.06 1.14%
1905 $3,235.29 -1.12%
1906 $3,308.82 2.27%
1907 $3,455.88 4.44%
1908 $3,382.35 -2.13%
1909 $3,345.59 -1.09%
1910 $3,492.65 4.40%
1911 $3,492.65 0.00%
1912 $3,566.18 2.11%
1913 $3,639.71 2.06%
1914 $3,676.47 1.01%
1915 $3,713.24 1.00%
1916 $4,007.35 7.92%
1917 $4,705.88 17.43%
1918 $5,551.47 17.97%
1919 $6,360.29 14.57%
1920 $7,352.94 15.61%
1921 $6,580.88 -10.50%
1922 $6,176.47 -6.15%
1923 $6,286.76 1.79%
1924 $6,286.76 0.00%
1925 $6,433.82 2.34%
1926 $6,507.35 1.14%
1927 $6,397.06 -1.69%
1928 $6,286.76 -1.72%
1929 $6,286.76 0.00%
1930 $6,139.71 -2.34%
1931 $5,588.24 -8.98%
1932 $5,036.76 -9.87%
1933 $4,779.41 -5.11%
1934 $4,926.47 3.08%
1935 $5,036.76 2.24%
1936 $5,110.29 1.46%
1937 $5,294.12 3.60%
1938 $5,183.82 -2.08%
1939 $5,110.29 -1.42%
1940 $5,147.06 0.72%
1941 $5,404.41 5.00%
1942 $5,992.65 10.88%
1943 $6,360.29 6.13%
1944 $6,470.59 1.73%
1945 $6,617.65 2.27%
1946 $7,169.12 8.33%
1947 $8,198.53 14.36%
1948 $8,860.29 8.07%
1949 $8,750.00 -1.24%
1950 $8,860.29 1.26%
1951 $9,558.82 7.88%
1952 $9,742.65 1.92%
1953 $9,816.18 0.75%
1954 $9,889.71 0.75%
1955 $9,852.94 -0.37%
1956 $10,000.00 1.49%
1957 $10,330.88 3.31%
1958 $10,625.00 2.85%
1959 $10,698.53 0.69%
1960 $10,882.35 1.72%
1961 $10,992.65 1.01%
1962 $11,102.94 1.00%
1963 $11,250.00 1.32%
1964 $11,397.06 1.31%
1965 $11,580.88 1.61%
1966 $11,911.76 2.86%
1967 $12,279.41 3.09%
1968 $12,794.12 4.19%
1969 $13,492.65 5.46%
1970 $14,264.71 5.72%
1971 $14,889.71 4.38%
1972 $15,367.65 3.21%
1973 $16,323.53 6.22%
1974 $18,125.00 11.04%
1975 $19,779.41 9.13%
1976 $20,919.12 5.76%
1977 $22,279.41 6.50%
1978 $23,970.59 7.59%
1979 $26,691.18 11.35%
1980 $30,294.12 13.50%
1981 $33,419.12 10.32%
1982 $35,477.94 6.16%
1983 $36,617.65 3.21%
1984 $38,198.53 4.32%
1985 $39,558.82 3.56%
1986 $40,294.12 1.86%
1987 $41,764.71 3.65%
1988 $43,492.65 4.14%
1989 $45,588.24 4.82%
1990 $48,051.47 5.40%
1991 $50,073.53 4.21%
1992 $51,580.88 3.01%
1993 $53,125.00 2.99%
1994 $54,485.29 2.56%
1995 $56,029.41 2.83%
1996 $57,683.82 2.95%
1997 $59,007.35 2.29%
1998 $59,926.47 1.56%
1999 $61,250.00 2.21%
2000 $63,308.82 3.36%
2001 $65,110.29 2.85%
2002 $66,139.71 1.58%
2003 $67,647.06 2.28%
2004 $69,448.53 2.66%
2005 $71,801.47 3.39%
2006 $74,117.65 3.23%
2007 $76,228.68 2.85%
2008 $79,155.51 3.84%
2009 $78,873.90 -0.36%
2010 $80,167.65 1.64%
2011 $82,698.16 3.16%
2012 $84,409.56 2.07%
2013 $85,645.96 1.46%
2014 $87,035.29 1.62%
2015 $87,138.60 0.12%
2016 $88,237.87 1.26%
2017 $90,117.65 2.13%
2018 $92,318.69 2.44%
2019 $94,396.69 2.25%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 144 more rows

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £5,000.00 in 1869 would be equivalent to £590,222.12 in 2019, an absolute change of £585,222.12 and a cumulative change of 11,704.44%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $89,396.69 and total percent change of 1,787.93%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1869 and 2019.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.98% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $5,000 in 1869 → 2019
Food 3.12 9,946.67 502,333.52
Shelter 4.09 40,802.60 2,045,129.92
Energy 3.78 25,988.75 1,304,437.46
Apparel 2.02 1,916.61 100,830.33
New vehicles 1.04 373.14 23,657.03
Used cars and trucks 0.62 153.71 12,685.49
Transportation services 4.03 37,111.74 1,860,587.19
Medical care services 5.08 169,471.56 8,478,577.90
Medical care commodities 3.00 8,345.24 422,261.99

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1869. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $5,000 since 1869

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2019CPI in 1869
×
1869 USD value
=
2019 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 13.6 in the year 1869 and 256.759 in 2019:

256.75913.6
×
$5,000
=
$94,396.69

$5,000 in 1869 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $94,396.69 in 2019.

To get the total inflation rate for the 150 years between 1869 and 2019, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2019 - CPI in 1869CPI in 1869
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (150 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

256.759 - 13.613.6
×
100
=
1,788%

News headlines from 1869

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Postal stamps showing scenes are issued for the first time in the U.S.
  • Dmitri Mendeleev's presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • Wall Street panics when Gould and Fisk attempt to corner gold, in an event known as Black Friday.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$5,000 in 1869 → 2019 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 12 Nov. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/us/inflation/1869?amount=5000.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1869 to 2019
Cumulative price change 1,787.93%
Average inflation rate 1.98%
Converted amount ($5,000 base) $94,396.69
Price difference ($5,000 base) $89,396.69
CPI in 1869 13.600
CPI in 2019 256.759
Inflation in 1869 -4.23%
Inflation in 2019 1.71%
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