U.S. inflation rate in 2017: 2.13%

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Inflation in 2017 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 2.13% in 2017 compared to the previous year, 2016. On average, you would have to spend 2.13% more money in 2017 than in 2016 for the same item.

In other words, $100 in 2016 is equivalent in purchasing power to $102.13 in 2017.

The 2016 inflation rate was 1.26%. The inflation rate in 2017 was 2.13%. The 2017 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.87% per year between 2017 and 2018.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 2017 was 245.12. It was 240.007 in the previous year, 2016. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.


Inflation from 2016 to 2017
Average inflation rate 2.13%
Converted amount ($100 base) $102.13
Price difference ($100 base) $2.13
CPI in 2016 240.007
CPI in 2017 245.12
Inflation in 2016 1.26%
Inflation in 2017 2.13%


U.S. Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 2016 to 2017 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $100):

San Diego, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 2016 and 2017 (5.41%).

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 2016 and 2017 (1.27%).


Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 2016 would be equivalent to £103.59 in 2017, an absolute change of £3.59 and a cumulative change of 3.59%.

In Canada, CA$100.00 in 2016 would be equivalent to CA$101.56 in 2017, an absolute change of CA$1.56 and a cumulative change of 1.56%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $2.13 and total percent change of 2.13%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 2016 and 2017.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.13% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 2016 → 2017
Food 0.86 0.86 100.86
Shelter 3.32 3.32 103.32
Energy 8.04 8.04 108.04
Apparel -0.34 -0.34 99.66
New vehicles -0.25 -0.25 99.75
Used cars and trucks -3.64 -3.64 96.36
Transportation services 3.50 3.50 103.50
Medical care services 2.43 2.43 102.43
Medical care commodities 2.80 2.80 102.80

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 2016. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100, 2016 to 2017

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017CPI in 2016
×
2016 USD value
=
2017 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 240.007 in the year 2016 and 245.12 in 2017:

245.12240.007
×
$100
=
$102.13

$100 in 2016 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $102.13 in 2017.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 2016 and 2017, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2017 - CPI in 2016CPI in 2016
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

245.12 - 240.007240.007
×
100
=
2%

Alternate Measurements of Inflation

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the Core CPI, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged 1.84% per year between 2016 and 2017 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.13%), for an inflation total of 1.84%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $100 in 2016 is equivalent in buying power to $101.84 in 2017, a difference of $1.84. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $102.13 with a difference of $2.13.

In 2016, core inflation was 2.21%.

Chained CPI is an alternative measurement that takes into account how consumers adjust spending for similar items. Chained inflation averaged 1.76% per year between 2016 and 2017, a total inflation amount of 1.84%.

According to the Chained CPI measurement, $100 in 2016 is equal in buying power to $101.76 in 2017, a difference of $1.76 (versus a converted amount of $102.13/change of $2.13 for All Items).

In 2016, chained inflation was 0.93%.


Comparison to S&P 500 Index

To help put this inflation into perspective, if you had invested $100 in the S&P 500 index in 2016, your investment would be worth approximately $151.35 in 2017. This is a change of 51.35%.

This means the nominal return on a $100 investment is $51.35, but inflation would eat into your real returns.

Inflation would account for 2.09% of your returns ($1.07), for an inflation-adjusted real return of about $50.28.


News headlines from 2016

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The United Kingdom votes to leave the European Union in a referendum, prompting Prime Minister David Cameron to resign.
  • Donald Trump becomes the 45th President of the United States.
  • The World Health Organisation confirms the outbreak of the Zika virus.
  • Andrei Karlov, the Russian ambassador to Turkey, is assassinated.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 2017 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 11 Oct. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-2017.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


» Read more about inflation.