U.S. inflation rate in 1943: 6.13%

Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1943 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 6.13% in 1943 compared to the previous year, 1942. On average, you would have to spend 6.13% more money in 1943 than in 1942 for the same item.

In other words, $1 in 1942 is equivalent in purchasing power to $1.06 in 1943.

The 1942 inflation rate was 10.88%. The inflation rate in 1943 was 6.13%. The 1943 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 3.64% per year between 1943 and 2018.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1943 was 17.3. It was 16.3 in the previous year, 1942. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Inflation from 1942 to 1943
Average inflation rate 6.13%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.06
Price difference ($1 base) $0.06
CPI in 1942 16.300
CPI in 1943 17.300
Inflation in 1942 10.88%
Inflation in 1943 6.13%

U.S. Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1942 to 1943 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $1):

New York experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 1942 and 1943 (7.48%).

Boston, Massachusetts experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 1942 and 1943 (5.25%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1942 would be equivalent to £1.03 in 1943, an absolute change of £0.03 and a cumulative change of 3.33%.

In Canada, CA$1.00 in 1942 would be equivalent to CA$1.02 in 1943, an absolute change of CA$0.02 and a cumulative change of 2.22%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.06 and total percent change of 6.13%.

Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1942 and 1943.

Compare these values to the overall average of 6.13% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1942 → 1943
Food 11.15 11.15 1.11
Shelter 0.00 0.00 1.00
Energy 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 4.32 4.32 1.04
New vehicles 0.00 0.00 1.00
Used cars and trucks 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care services 5.48 5.48 1.05
Medical care commodities 0.00 0.00 1.00

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1942. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1942 to 1943

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1943CPI in 1942
1942 USD value
1943 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 16.3 in the year 1942 and 17.3 in 1943:


$1 in 1942 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.06 in 1943.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1942 and 1943, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1943 - CPI in 1942CPI in 1942
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

17.3 - 16.316.3

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1 in the S&P 500 index in 1942, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $1.50 in 1943. This is a return on investment of 50.47%, with an absolute return of $0.50.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 5.78% of returns ($0.03) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $1 investment is $0.48.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1942-1943
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $1 $1.50 50.47%
Inflation Adjusted
$1 $0.48 47.55%

News headlines from 1942

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge not to make separate peace deals with them.
  • Wannsee conference takes place in Berlin:,Nazi officials organize the extermination of the European Jews', which is now known as the "final solution".
  • Anne Frank gets a diary for her birthday.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1943 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 16 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1943.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

» Read more about inflation and investment.