U.S. inflation rate in 1897: -1.19%

Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1897 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power increased by 1.19% in 1897 compared to 1896. On average, you would have to spend 1.19% less money in 1897 than in 1896 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, $1 in 1896 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $0.99 in 1897.

The 1896 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1897 was -1.19%. The 1897 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.84% per year between 1897 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1897 was 8.30. It was 8.40 in the previous year, 1896. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1897 CPI is less than 1896 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

Inflation from 1896 to 1897
Average inflation rate -1.19%
Converted amount ($1 base) $0.99
Price difference ($1 base) $-0.01
CPI in 1896 8.400
CPI in 1897 8.300
Inflation in 1896 0.00%
Inflation in 1897 -1.19%

U.S. inflation chart since 1665

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1896 would be equivalent to £1.02 in 1897, an absolute change of £0.02 and a cumulative change of 2.35%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $-0.01 and total percent change of -1.19%.

Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1896 and 1897.

Compare these values to the overall average of -1.19% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1896 → 1897
Food 0.00 0.00 1.00
Shelter 0.00 0.00 1.00
Energy 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
New vehicles 0.00 0.00 1.00
Used cars and trucks 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care commodities 0.00 0.00 1.00

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1896. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1896 to 1897

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1897CPI in 1896
1896 USD value
1897 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.4 in the year 1896 and 8.3 in 1897:


$1 in 1896 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $0.99 in 1897.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1896 and 1897, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1897 - CPI in 1896CPI in 1896
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

8.3 - 8.48.4

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1 in the S&P 500 index in 1896, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $1.24 in 1897. This is a return on investment of 24.27%, with an absolute return of $0.24.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for -1.20% of returns ($0.00) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $1 investment is $0.25.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1896-1897
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $1 $1.24 24.27%
Inflation Adjusted
$1 $0.25 24.56%

News headlines from 1896

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • First use of radiation treatment for breast cancer by Doctor Emile Grubbe.
  • The first Modern Olympic Games take place in Athens. American James Connolly wins the first Olympic gold medal in modern history.
  • The world experiences its first car accident when Henry Wells hit a cyclist.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1897 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 25 Apr. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1897.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

» Read more about inflation and investment.