U.S. inflation rate in 1872: 0.00%

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Inflation in 1872 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 0.00% in 1872 compared to the previous year, 1871. On average, you would have to spend 0.00% more money in 1872 than in 1871 for the same item.

In other words, $100 in 1871 is equivalent in purchasing power to $100 in 1872.

The 1871 inflation rate was -6.87%. The inflation rate in 1872 was 0.00%. The 1872 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.10% per year between 1872 and 2018.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1872 was 12.2. It was 12.2 in the previous year, 1871. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.


Inflation from 1871 to 1872
Average inflation rate 0.00%
Converted amount ($100 base) $100
Price difference ($100 base) $0.00
CPI in 1871 12.2
CPI in 1872 12.2
Inflation in 1871 -6.87%
Inflation in 1872 0.00%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1871 would be equivalent to £104.17 in 1872, an absolute change of £4.17 and a cumulative change of 4.17%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.00 and total percent change of 0.00%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1871 and 1872.

Compare these values to the overall average of 0.00% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 1871 → 1872
Food 0.00 0.00 100.00
Shelter 0.00 0.00 100.00
Energy 0.00 0.00 100.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 100.00
New vehicles 0.00 0.00 100.00
Used cars and trucks 0.00 0.00 100.00
Transportation services 0.00 0.00 100.00
Medical care services 0.00 0.00 100.00
Medical care commodities 0.00 0.00 100.00

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1871. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100, 1871 to 1872

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1872CPI in 1871
×
1871 USD value
=
1872 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.2 in the year 1871 and 12.2 in 1872:

12.212.2
×
$100
=
$100

$100 in 1871 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $100 in 1872.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1871 and 1872, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1872 - CPI in 1871CPI in 1871
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

12.2 - 12.212.2
×
100
=
0%

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

To help put this inflation into perspective, if you had invested $100 in the S&P 500 index in 1871, your investment would be worth approximately $128.55 in 1872. This is a change of 28.55%.

This means the nominal return on a $100 investment is $28.55, but inflation would eat into your real returns.

Inflation would account for 0.00% of your returns ($0.00), for an inflation-adjusted real return of about $28.55.


News headlines from 1871

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The Second German Empire is proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck.
  • Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his expedition to Africa.
  • Revolutionaries brought to power in Paris after Municipal elections form Commune government.
  • French regular troops attack the Commune of Paris in a skirmish that left 17,000 dead.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1872 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 17 Oct. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1872.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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