U.S. inflation rate in 1861: 6.02%

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Inflation in 1861 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power decreased by 6.02% in 1861 compared to the previous year, 1860. On average, you would have to spend 6.02% more money in 1861 than in 1860 for the same item.

In other words, $1 in 1860 is equivalent in purchasing power to $1.06 in 1861.

The 1860 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1861 was 6.02%. The 1861 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.16% per year between 1861 and 2018.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1861 was 8.8. It was 8.3 in the previous year, 1860. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.


Inflation from 1860 to 1861
Average inflation rate 6.02%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.06
Price difference ($1 base) $0.06
CPI in 1860 8.300
CPI in 1861 8.800
Inflation in 1860 0.00%
Inflation in 1861 6.02%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1860 would be equivalent to £1.02 in 1861, an absolute change of £0.02 and a cumulative change of 2.15%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.06 and total percent change of 6.02%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1860 and 1861.

Compare these values to the overall average of 6.02% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1860 → 1861
Food 0.00 0.00 1.00
Shelter 0.00 0.00 1.00
Energy 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
New vehicles 0.00 0.00 1.00
Used cars and trucks 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care commodities 0.00 0.00 1.00

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1860. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1860 to 1861

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1861CPI in 1860
×
1860 USD value
=
1861 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.3 in the year 1860 and 8.8 in 1861:

8.88.3
×
$1
=
$1.06

$1 in 1860 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.06 in 1861.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1860 and 1861, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1861 - CPI in 1860CPI in 1860
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

8.8 - 8.38.3
×
100
=
6%

News headlines from 1860

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th President of the U.S.
  • Slavery ends in the Dutch East Indies.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1861 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 19 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1861.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


» Read more about inflation and investment.