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# U.S. inflation rate in 1820: -7.87%

### Inflation in 1820 and Its Effect on Dollar Value

Purchasing power increased by 7.87% in 1820 compared to 1819. On average, you would have to spend 7.87% less money in 1820 than in 1819 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, \$1 in 1819 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$0.92 in 1820.

The 1819 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1820 was -7.87%. The 1820 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 1.56% per year between 1820 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 1820 was 11.70. It was 12.70 in the previous year, 1819. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1820 CPI is less than 1819 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

 Average inflation rate -7.87% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$0.92 Price difference (\$1 base) \$-0.08 CPI in 1819 12.700 CPI in 1820 11.700 Inflation in 1819 0.00% Inflation in 1820 -7.87%

### Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1819 would be equivalent to £0.91 in 1820, an absolute change of £-0.09 and a cumulative change of -9.30%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$-0.08 and total percent change of -7.87%.

### Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1819 and 1820.

Compare these values to the overall average of -7.87% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1819 → 1820
Food 0.00 0.00 1.00
Shelter 0.00 0.00 1.00
Energy 0.00 0.00 1.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 1.00
New vehicles 0.00 0.00 1.00
Used cars and trucks 0.00 0.00 1.00
Transportation services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care services 0.00 0.00 1.00
Medical care commodities 0.00 0.00 1.00

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1819. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1819 to 1820

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1820CPI in 1819
×
1819 USD value
=
1820 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.7 in the year 1819 and 11.7 in 1820:

11.712.7
×
\$1
=
\$0.92

\$1 in 1819 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$0.92 in 1820.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1819 and 1820, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1820 - CPI in 1819CPI in 1819
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

11.7 - 12.712.7
×
100
=
-8%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• Sir Stamford Raffles arrives in Singapore
• Singapore is turned into a British trading port by Sir Stamford Raffles.
• Introduction of the first bicycles, known as "swift walkers", in New York

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1820 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 15 Oct. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-1820.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

 Average inflation rate -7.87% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$0.92 Price difference (\$1 base) \$-0.08 CPI in 1819 12.700 CPI in 1820 11.700 Inflation in 1819 0.00% Inflation in 1820 -7.87%