UK inflation rate in 1886: -1.14%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1886 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power increased by 1.14% in 1886 compared to 1885. On average, you would have to spend 1.14% less money in 1886 than in 1885 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, £1 in 1885 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.99 in 1886.

The 1885 inflation rate was -3.30%. The inflation rate in 1886 was -1.14%. The 1886 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.72% per year between 1886 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1886 was 8.70. It was 8.80 in the previous year, 1885. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1886 CPI is less than 1885 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

Inflation from 1885 to 1886
Average inflation rate -1.14%
Converted amount (£1 base) £0.99
Price difference (£1 base) £-0.01
CPI in 1885 8.800
CPI in 1886 8.700
Inflation in 1885 -3.30%
Inflation in 1886 -1.14%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1885 to 1886

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1886CPI in 1885
1885 GBP value
1886 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 8.8 in the year 1885 and 8.7 in 1886:


£1 in 1885 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.99 in 1886.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1885 and 1886, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1886 - CPI in 1885CPI in 1885
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

8.7 - 8.88.8

News headlines from 1885

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • King Leopold II of Belgium makes Congo his own personal, colonial possession.
  • Congo is given to Belgium whilst Nigeria is awarded to Great Britain during the Berlin Conference
  • Bismarck, German chancellor, conquers Cameron and Togoland
  • Louis Pasteur conducts the first successful test of an anti-rabies vaccine
  • Gottlieb Daimler invents the first motorcycle.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1886 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 18 Apr. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

» Read more about inflation and investment.