UK inflation rate in 1881: -1.06%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1881 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power increased by 1.06% in 1881 compared to 1880. On average, you would have to spend 1.06% less money in 1881 than in 1880 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, £1 in 1880 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.99 in 1881.

The 1880 inflation rate was 3.30%. The inflation rate in 1881 was -1.06%. The 1881 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.53% per year between 1881 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1881 was 9.30. It was 9.40 in the previous year, 1880. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1881 CPI is less than 1880 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

Inflation from 1880 to 1881
Average inflation rate -1.06%
Converted amount (£1 base) £0.99
Price difference (£1 base) £-0.01
CPI in 1880 9.400
CPI in 1881 9.300
Inflation in 1880 3.30%
Inflation in 1881 -1.06%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1880 to 1881

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1881CPI in 1880
1880 GBP value
1881 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.4 in the year 1880 and 9.3 in 1881:


£1 in 1880 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.99 in 1881.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1880 and 1881, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1881 - CPI in 1880CPI in 1880
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.3 - 9.49.4

News headlines from 1880

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Construction begins on the Panama Canal.
  • The United States constructs its first dedicated sewage system in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • The Salvation Army is formed in London.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1881 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 19 Apr. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

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