UK inflation rate in 1878: -2.06%

UK Inflation Calculator


UK Inflation Rate, 1878-2018 (£1)

The composite price index (CPI) in 1878 was 9.5. the Office for National Statistics uses this CPI value to track inflation on a monthly basis.

According to the Office for National Statistics composite price index, the pound experienced an average inflation rate of 3.45% per year. Prices in 2018 are 11443.1% higher than prices in 1878.

In other words, £1 in the year 1878 is equivalent in purchasing power to £115.43 in 2018, a difference of £114.43 over 140 years.

The current inflation rate in 2018 is 3.10%1. If this number holds, £1 today will be equivalent to £1.03 next year.

Inflation from 1878 to 2018
Cumulative price change 11443.07%
Average inflation rate 3.45%
Price difference (£1 base) £114.43
CPI in 1878 9.5
CPI in 2018 1096.59148

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to calculate the inflation rate for £1 since 1878

Start with the inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 1878 * 1878 GBP value = 2018 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.5 in the year 1878 and 1096.59148 in 2018:

1096.59148 / 9.5 * £1 = £115.43

£1 in 1878 has the same "purchasing power" as £115.43 in 2018.

News headlines from 1878

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Berlin Congress begins with goal to determine the territories of the states in the Balkans after the Russo-Turkish war.
  • King Leopold II's agent secretly meets Henry Morton Stanley.
  • Thomas Edison patents the gramophone.

Inflation Data Source

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1878 | UK Inflation Calculator.” FinanceRef Inflation Calculator, Alioth Finance, 24 Apr. 2018,

» Read more about inflation.