UK inflation rate in 1872: 4.17%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1872 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power decreased by 4.17% in 1872 compared to 1871. On average, you would have to spend 4.17% more money in 1872 than in 1871 for the same item.

In other words, £1 in 1871 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £1.04 in 1872.

The 1871 inflation rate was 1.05%. The inflation rate in 1872 was 4.17%. The 1872 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 3.26% per year between 1872 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1872 was 10.00. It was 9.60 in the previous year, 1871. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Inflation from 1871 to 1872
Average inflation rate 4.17%
Converted amount (£1 base) £1.04
Price difference (£1 base) £0.04
CPI in 1871 9.600
CPI in 1872 10.000
Inflation in 1871 1.05%
Inflation in 1872 4.17%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1871 to 1872

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1872CPI in 1871
1871 GBP value
1872 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.6 in the year 1871 and 10 in 1872:


£1 in 1871 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £1.04 in 1872.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1871 and 1872, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1872 - CPI in 1871CPI in 1871
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

10 - 9.69.6

News headlines from 1871

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The Second German Empire is proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck.
  • Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his expedition to Africa.
  • Revolutionaries brought to power in Paris after Municipal elections form Commune government.
  • French regular troops attack the Commune of Paris in a skirmish that left 17,000 dead.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1872 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 18 Apr. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

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