UK inflation rate in 1871: 1.05%

UK Inflation Calculator

£

Inflation since 1871 and its effect on pound value

The composite price index (CPI) in 1871 was 9.6. It was 9.5 in the previous year. This change in CPI is used by the Office for National Statistics to calculate inflation.

According to the Office for National Statistics composite price index, the pound experienced an average inflation rate of 3.28% per year. Prices in 2018 are 11,340.33% higher than prices in 1871.

In other words, £100 in 1871 is equivalent in purchasing power to £11,440.33 in 2018, a difference of £11,340.33 over 147 years.

The current inflation rate is now 2.20%1. If this number holds, £100 today will be equivalent to £102.20 next year.

Inflation from 1871 to 2018
Cumulative price change 11340.33%
Average inflation rate 3.28%
Converted amount (£100 base) £11,440.33
Price difference (£100 base) £11,340.33
CPI in 1871 9.6
CPI in 2018 1098.27186


UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.


How to calculate the inflation rate for £100 since 1871

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 1871 * 1871 GBP value = 2018 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.6 in the year 1871 and 1098.27186 in 2018:

1098.27186 / 9.6 * £100 = £11,440.33

£100 in 1871 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £11,440.33 in 2018.


Buying power of £100 since 1871

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for £100 in 1871 (price index tracking began in 1750).

According to the Office for National Statistics, each of these GBP amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year GBP Value Inflation Rate
1871 £100.00 1.05%
1872 £104.17 4.17%
1873 £108.33 4.00%
1874 £104.17 -3.85%
1875 £102.08 -2.00%
1876 £102.08 0.00%
1877 £101.04 -1.02%
1878 £98.96 -2.06%
1879 £94.79 -4.21%
1880 £97.92 3.30%
1881 £96.88 -1.06%
1882 £97.92 1.08%
1883 £96.88 -1.06%
1884 £94.79 -2.15%
1885 £91.67 -3.30%
1886 £90.63 -1.14%
1887 £89.58 -1.15%
1888 £90.63 1.16%
1889 £91.67 1.15%
1890 £91.67 0.00%
1891 £92.71 1.14%
1892 £92.71 0.00%
1893 £91.67 -1.12%
1894 £90.63 -1.14%
1895 £89.58 -1.15%
1896 £88.54 -1.16%
1897 £90.63 2.35%
1898 £90.63 0.00%
1899 £91.67 1.15%
1900 £95.83 4.55%
1901 £95.83 0.00%
1902 £95.83 0.00%
1903 £96.88 1.09%
1904 £96.88 0.00%
1905 £96.88 0.00%
1906 £96.88 0.00%
1907 £97.92 1.08%
1908 £97.92 0.00%
1909 £98.96 1.06%
1910 £100.00 1.05%
1911 £100.00 0.00%
1912 £103.13 3.13%
1913 £102.08 -1.01%
1914 £102.08 0.00%
1915 £114.58 12.24%
1916 £135.42 18.18%
1917 £169.79 25.38%
1918 £207.29 22.09%
1919 £228.13 10.05%
1920 £263.54 15.53%
1921 £240.63 -8.70%
1922 £207.29 -13.85%
1923 £194.79 -6.03%
1924 £193.75 -0.53%
1925 £193.75 0.00%
1926 £192.71 -0.54%
1927 £187.50 -2.70%
1928 £187.50 0.00%
1929 £185.42 -1.11%
1930 £180.21 -2.81%
1931 £172.92 -4.05%
1932 £168.75 -2.41%
1933 £164.58 -2.47%
1934 £164.58 0.00%
1935 £165.63 0.63%
1936 £166.67 0.63%
1937 £172.92 3.75%
1938 £175.00 1.20%
1939 £180.21 2.98%
1940 £210.42 16.76%
1941 £233.33 10.89%
1942 £250.00 7.14%
1943 £258.33 3.33%
1944 £265.63 2.82%
1945 £272.92 2.75%
1946 £281.25 3.05%
1947 £301.04 7.04%
1948 £323.96 7.61%
1949 £333.33 2.89%
1950 £343.75 3.13%
1951 £375.00 9.09%
1952 £409.38 9.17%
1953 £421.88 3.05%
1954 £430.21 1.98%
1955 £448.96 4.36%
1956 £471.88 5.10%
1957 £488.54 3.53%
1958 £504.17 3.20%
1959 £506.25 0.41%
1960 £511.46 1.03%
1961 £529.17 3.46%
1962 £552.08 4.33%
1963 £562.50 1.89%
1964 £581.25 3.33%
1965 £608.33 4.66%
1966 £632.29 3.94%
1967 £648.96 2.64%
1968 £679.17 4.65%
1969 £715.63 5.37%
1970 £761.46 6.40%
1971 £833.33 9.44%
1972 £892.71 7.13%
1973 £973.96 9.10%
1974 £1,130.21 16.04%
1975 £1,404.17 24.24%
1976 £1,636.46 16.54%
1977 £1,895.83 15.85%
1978 £2,053.13 8.30%
1979 £2,328.13 13.39%
1980 £2,746.88 17.99%
1981 £3,072.92 11.87%
1982 £3,337.50 8.61%
1983 £3,490.63 4.59%
1984 £3,664.58 4.98%
1985 £3,887.50 6.08%
1986 £4,019.79 3.40%
1987 £4,187.50 4.17%
1988 £4,392.71 4.90%
1989 £4,734.38 7.78%
1990 £5,182.29 9.46%
1991 £5,486.46 5.87%
1992 £5,691.67 3.74%
1993 £5,782.29 1.59%
1994 £5,921.88 2.41%
1995 £6,127.08 3.47%
1996 £6,275.00 2.41%
1997 £6,471.88 3.14%
1998 £6,693.75 3.43%
1999 £6,796.88 1.54%
2000 £6,997.92 2.96%
2001 £7,121.88 1.77%
2002 £7,240.63 1.67%
2003 £7,450.00 2.89%
2004 £7,671.88 2.98%
2005 £7,888.54 2.82%
2006 £8,140.63 3.20%
2007 £8,489.58 4.29%
2008 £8,828.13 3.99%
2009 £8,781.25 -0.53%
2010 £9,186.46 4.61%
2011 £9,664.58 5.20%
2012 £9,975.00 3.21%
2013 £10,278.13 3.04%
2014 £10,520.83 2.36%
2015 £10,625.00 0.99%
2016 £10,805.63 1.70%
2017 £11,194.06 3.59%
2018 £11,440.33 2.20%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

News headlines from 1871

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The Second German Empire is proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck.
  • Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his expedition to Africa.
  • Revolutionaries brought to power in Paris after Municipal elections form Commune government.
  • French regular troops attack the Commune of Paris in a skirmish that left 17,000 dead.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1871 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 17 Jul. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1871.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


» Read more about inflation.