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# UK inflation rate in 1863: -3.23%

### Inflation in 1863 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power increased by 3.23% in 1863 compared to 1862. On average, you would have to spend 3.23% less money in 1863 than in 1862 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, £1 in 1862 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.97 in 1863.

The 1862 inflation rate was -2.11%. The inflation rate in 1863 was -3.23%. The 1863 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.14% per year between 1863 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1863 was 9.00. It was 9.30 in the previous year, 1862. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1863 CPI is less than 1862 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

 Average inflation rate -3.23% Converted amount (£1 base) £0.97 Price difference (£1 base) £-0.03 CPI in 1862 9.300 CPI in 1863 9.000 Inflation in 1862 -2.11% Inflation in 1863 -3.23%

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1862 to 1863

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1863CPI in 1862
×
1862 GBP value
=
1863 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.3 in the year 1862 and 9 in 1863:

99.3
×
£1
=
£0.97

£1 in 1862 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.97 in 1863.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1862 and 1863, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1863 - CPI in 1862CPI in 1862
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9 - 9.39.3
×
100
=
-3%

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• President Abraham Lincoln introduced "greenbacks", US paper currency.
• Louis Pasteur, along with Claude Bernard, perform the first pasteurization test.
• The US Civil War leads to New Orleans falling under Union command.
• All United States territories outlaw slavery.

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1863 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 18 Sep. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1863.