Purchasing power decreased by 2.15% in 1861 compared to 1860. On average, you would have to spend 2.15% more money in 1861 than in 1860 for the same item.
In other words, £1 in 1860 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £1.02 in 1861.
The 1860 inflation rate was 3.33%. The inflation rate in 1861 was 2.15%. The 1861 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.07% per year between 1861 and 2019.
Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1861 was 9.50. It was 9.30 in the previous year, 1860. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation.
|Average inflation rate||2.15%|
|Converted amount (£1 base)||£1.02|
|Price difference (£1 base)||£0.02|
|CPI in 1860||9.300|
|CPI in 1861||9.500|
|Inflation in 1860||3.33%|
|Inflation in 1861||2.15%|
This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:
Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.3 in the year 1860 and 9.5 in 1861:
£1 in 1860 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £1.02 in 1861.
To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1860 and 1861, we use the following formula:
Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:
Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:
Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.
You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1861 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 19 Apr. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1861.
Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.
in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.