UK inflation rate in 1854: 14.61%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1854 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power decreased by 14.61% in 1854 compared to 1853. On average, you would have to spend 14.61% more money in 1854 than in 1853 for the same item.

In other words, £1 in 1853 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £1.15 in 1854.

The 1853 inflation rate was 9.88%. The inflation rate in 1854 was 14.61%. The 1854 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.89% per year between 1854 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1854 was 10.20. It was 8.90 in the previous year, 1853. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Inflation from 1853 to 1854
Average inflation rate 14.61%
Converted amount (£1 base) £1.15
Price difference (£1 base) £0.15
CPI in 1853 8.900
CPI in 1854 10.200
Inflation in 1853 9.88%
Inflation in 1854 14.61%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1853 to 1854

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1854CPI in 1853
1853 GBP value
1854 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 8.9 in the year 1853 and 10.2 in 1854:


£1 in 1853 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £1.15 in 1854.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1853 and 1854, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1854 - CPI in 1853CPI in 1853
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

10.2 - 8.98.9

News headlines from 1853

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • United States gains several new territories, now known as southern Arizona and New Mexico, after Gadsden Purchase worth $10 million, which was signed by President Franklin Pierce
  • Japan opens itself to Western influence and trade after Commodore Matthew C Perry sails his frigate into Tokyo Bay.
  • Train wreck of US President-elect Franklin Pierce and his family in Massachusetts.
  • John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy Protestant Episcopal Church.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1854 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 18 Apr. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

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