UK inflation rate in 1853: 9.88%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1853 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power decreased by 9.88% in 1853 compared to 1852. On average, you would have to spend 9.88% more money in 1853 than in 1852 for the same item.

In other words, £1 in 1852 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £1.10 in 1853.

The 1852 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 1853 was 9.88%. The 1853 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.96% per year between 1853 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1853 was 8.90. It was 8.10 in the previous year, 1852. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Inflation from 1852 to 1853
Average inflation rate 9.88%
Converted amount (£1 base) £1.10
Price difference (£1 base) £0.10
CPI in 1852 8.100
CPI in 1853 8.900
Inflation in 1852 0.00%
Inflation in 1853 9.88%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1852 to 1853

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1853CPI in 1852
1852 GBP value
1853 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 8.1 in the year 1852 and 8.9 in 1853:


£1 in 1852 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £1.10 in 1853.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1852 and 1853, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1853 - CPI in 1852CPI in 1852
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

8.9 - 8.18.1

News headlines from 1852

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • what to the Slave is the Fourth of July speech was delivered by a fugitive slave Frederick Douglass, who condemned the celebration as a sham
  • The Independence of Transvaal, South Africa, is recognized by Great Britain.
  • American Geographical Society names George Bancroft as its first president.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1853 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 24 May. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

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