UK inflation rate in 1849: -6.32%

UK Inflation Calculator


UK Inflation Rate, 1849-2017 (£1)

The composite price index (CPI) in 1849 was 8.9. the Office for National Statistics uses this CPI value to track inflation on a monthly basis.

According to the Office for National Statistics, the pound experienced an average inflation rate of 2.89% per year. Prices in 2017 are 11870.2% higher than prices in 1849.

In other words, £1 in the year 1849 is equivalent to £119.70 in 2017, a difference of £118.70 over 168 years.

The current inflation rate in 2017 is 2.70%1. If this number holds, £1 today will be equivalent to £1.03 next year.

Inflation from 1849 to 2017
Cumulative price change 11870.20%
Average inflation rate 2.89%
Price difference (£1 base) £118.70
CPI in 1849 8.9
CPI in 2017 1065.34818

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to calculate the inflation rate for £1 since 1849

Start with the inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017 / CPI in 1849 * 1849 GBP value = 2017 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 8.9 in the year 1849 and 1065.34818 in 2017:

1065.34818 / 8.9 * £1 = £119.70

£1 in 1849 has the same "purchasing power" as £119.70 in 2017.

News headlines from 1849

Politics and news often play an important role in economic performance.

  • Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky's execution is cancelled at the last moment.
  • Elisabeth Blackwell is the first woman in the United States to earn a medical degree.
  • First photograph of a US president is taken in New York, when Matthew Bady photographed President James Knox Polk

Inflation Data Source: This calculator uses the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

» Read more about inflation.